Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

1st Edition - November 28, 2013

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  • Editors: Sabu Thomas, Robert Shanks, C Sarathchandran
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455731602

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Description

Over 30% of commercial polymers are blends or alloys or one kind or another. Nanostructured blends offer the scientist or plastics engineer a new range of possibilities with characteristics including thermodynamic stablility; the potential to improve material transparency, creep and solvent resistance; the potential to simultaneously increase tensile strength and ductility; superior rheological properties; and relatively low cost. Nanostructured Polymer Blends opens up immense structural possibilities via chemical and mechanical modifications that generate novel properties and functions and high-performance characteristics at a low cost. The emerging applications of these new materials cover a wide range of industry sectors, encompassing the coatings and adhesives industry, electronics, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace and medical devices (where polymer blends provide innovations in biocompatible materials). This book explains the science of nanostructure formation and the nature of interphase formations, demystifies the design of nanostructured blends to achieve specific properties, and introduces the applications for this important new class of nanomaterial. All the key topics related to recent advances in blends are covered: IPNs, phase morphologies, composites and nanocomposites, nanostructure formation, the chemistry and structure of additives, etc.

Key Features

  • Introduces the science and technology of nanostructured polymer blends – and the procedures involved in melt blending and chemical blending to produce new materials with specific performance characteristics
  • Unlocks the potential of nanostructured polymer blends for applications across sectors, including electronics, energy/photovoltaics, aerospace/automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers)
  • Explains the performance benefits in areas including rheological properties, thermodynamic stablility, material transparency, solvent resistance, etc.

Readership

Scientists and Engineers involved in polymer materials design, Design Engineers/Plastics Engineers using Nanostructured Polymer Blends in key sectors: electronics, energy (esp.photovoltaics), aerospace/automotive, medical devices (biocompatible polymers).

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    List of Contributors

    Chapter 1. Polymer Blends

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Polymer–Polymer Miscibility Theory

    1.3 Incompatible Polymer Blends

    1.4 Miscible Polymer Blends

    1.5 Cross-Linking of Miscible Polymer Blends

    1.6 Compatible Polymer Blends

    1.7 Nanophase Blends

    1.8 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 2. Characterization of Nanostructured Materials

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Microscopies

    2.3 Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy

    2.4 Optical Ultramicroscopy

    2.5 Transmission Electron Microscopy

    2.6 Scanning Electron Microscopy

    2.7 Atomic Force Microscopy

    2.8 Image Analysis

    2.9 Molecular Modeling

    2.10 Small Angle X-ray Scattering

    2.11 Wide Angle X-ray Scattering

    2.12 X-Ray Tomography

    2.13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    2.14 Surface Area Analysis

    2.15 Indirect Methods that do not Allow Visualization

    2.16 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 3. Theoretical Modeling of Nanostructured Formation in Polymer Blends

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 The Freely Jointed Chain

    3.3 Solubility and Interaction Parameters in Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    3.4 Prediction of Mechanical, Electrical, and Thermal Properties of Semicrystalline Polymer and Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    3.5 Modeling of Polymers in Solution and the Morphological Control of Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    3.6 Multiscale Modeling for Nanostructured Polymer Blend Material Design

    3.7 Volume Fraction Modules for Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    3.8 Recent Advances

    3.9 Conclusion

    3.10 Recommendations

    References

    Further Reading

    Chapter 4. Compatibilization as a Tool for Nanostructure Formation

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Theoretical Background of Compatibilization of Polymer Blends

    4.3 Types of Polymer Blend Compatibilization

    4.4 Types of Compatibilizers Suitable for Different Polymer Pairs

    4.5 Morphology Property Consideration

    4.6 Use of Nanofiller as a Compatibilizer for Immiscible Polymer Blends

    4.7 Recent Advances in Compatibilized Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    4.8 Thermodynamic Considerations of Polymer Blends

    4.9 Morphology Evolution of a Polymer Blend

    4.10 Compatibilized Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    4.11 Applications of Compatibilized Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    4.12 Conclusion

    4.13 Recommendations

    References

    Chapter 5. Nanofilled Thermoplastic–Thermoplastic Polymer Blends

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Interactions in Nanofilled Thermoplastic Polymer Blends

    5.3 Kinetic Effects on the Morphology of Nanofilled Thermoplastic Polymer Blends

    5.4 Compatibilizing Effect of Nanoparticles in Thermoplastic Polymer Blends

    5.5 Mechanical Properties

    5.6 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 6. Nanostructure Formation in Thermoset/Block Copolymer and Thermoset/Hyperbranched Polymer Blends

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Nanostructure Formation in Thermoset/Block Copolymer Blends

    6.3 Microstructure Formation in Thermoset/Hyperbranched Polymer Blends

    6.4 Mechanical and Thermal Properties

    6.5 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 7. Nanostructure Formation in Block Copolymers

    7.1 Synthesis of Block Copolymers

    7.2 Synthesis of Nonlinear Block Copolymers

    7.3 Nanostructures Based on Block Copolymer Self-Assembly

    7.4 Nanostructure Formation in Segmented Polyurethanes

    7.5 Crystallization Assisted Self-Assembly of Semicrystalline Block Copolymers: Morphology in the Bulk

    7.6 Stabilization of Self-Assembled Morphologies

    7.7 Self-Assembled Monolayers

    7.8 Characterization Methods

    7.9 Applications

    References

    Chapter 8. Significances of Nanostructured Hydrogels for Valuable Applications

    8.1 Nanostructured Hydrogels: A Brief Overview

    8.2 Preparation Techniques for Nanostructured Hydrogels

    8.3 Synthesis and Preparation of Hydrogels

    8.4 Characterizations of Hydrogels

    8.5 Applications

    8.6 Recent Advances

    8.7 Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 9. Nanostructured Liquid Crystals

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Nanostructured Liquid Crystals

    9.3 Preparation of Nanostructured Liquid Crystals

    9.4 Applications

    9.5 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 10. Nanostructured Hydrogels

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Preparation Techniques

    10.3 Characterization

    10.4 Applications of Hydrogels as Biomaterials

    10.5 Recent Advances

    10.6 Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 11. Nano/Micro and Hierarchical Structured Surfaces in Polymer Blends

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Some Considerations on Polymer Blend Thin Films and Surfaces

    11.3 Phase Separation and Formation of Structured Surfaces in Blends

    11.4 Pattern formation

    11.5 Stimuli-Responsive Nanostructured Interfaces

    11.6 Hierarchically Structured Polymer Blend Interfaces

    11.7 Applications of Blends with Nanostructured Surfaces

    11.8 Conclusion

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 12. Degradation Behavior of Nanocomposite Polymer Blends

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Thermal Degradation of Polymer Blend Nanocomposites

    12.3 Photodegradation of Polymer Blend Nanocomposites

    12.4 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 13. New Applications of Nanoheterogeneous Systems

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Nanocomposite Thin Film Fabrication Methods

    13.3 Electrospinning: One-Dimensional Composite Nanomaterials Creation

    13.4 Characterization

    13.5 Recent Trends and Applications in Sensors

    13.6 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 14. Blend of Silicon Nanostructures and Conducting Polymers for Solar Cells

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Material and Methodology

    14.3 Applications in Hybrid Solar Cells

    14.4 Recent Trends

    14.5 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 15. Conductive Polymer Composites and Blends: Recent Trends

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Chemical and Electrochemical Synthesis of ICPs

    15.3 Blending Techniques of ICPs

    15.4 Blends of Some Common ICPs

    15.5 Recent Trends

    15.6 Advance Applications of Nanoconductive Polymer Blends and Composites

    15.7 Conclusion

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 576
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2013
  • Published: November 28, 2013
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455731602

About the Editors

Sabu Thomas

Prof. Sabu Thomas, an outstanding Alumnus of IIT, Kharagpur, is one of India’s most renowned scientists in the area of Polymers. After completing his Ph.D. from IIT Kharagpur (1984-1987), he joined MG University as a Lecturer in 1997 and later became its Vice Chancellor. He has taken up a large number of visiting assignments abroad. Under his leadership, the University has been ranked 713th by TIMES, 30th in NIRF and the best University inKerala. He has supervised 120 Ph.D. students, authored 1,300 publications and edited 150 books earning him a H-index of 112 and 60,000 citations. He has received Honoris Causa degrees from Russia and France and obtained grants amounting to Rs. 30 crores for research funding from India and abroad. He has been ranked 114th in the list of the world’s best scientists and 2nd in India by the Stanford University Ranking in Polymers. He was elected as a Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences. Considering his excellent contributions in teaching, research and administration, Prof. Thomas is the best candidate for the outstanding Alumnus award of IIT KGP.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice Chancellor, Mahatma Gandhi University, and Director of the School of Energy Materials, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Robert Shanks

Affiliations and Expertise

RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

C Sarathchandran

Dr. Sarath Chandran is currently involved with the various projects of Inter University Centre for Organic Farming (IUCOFSA) which involve (a) Synthesis of biogas, biofuel and bio fertilizer using water hyacinth- funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), India, a study on the Use of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for the detection, estimation and removal of pesticides from farmland- Project funded by Kerala State Council for Science and Technology (KSCST) and a study on Converting abandoned wetland as productive land: a “live laboratory” model for sustainable agriculture- project funded by the Government of Kerala.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India, School of Sciences, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria and International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

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