Nanostructured Photocatalysts

Nanostructured Photocatalysts

From Fundamental to Practical Applications

1st Edition - June 25, 2021

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  • Editors: Van-Huy Nguyen, Dai-Viet Vo, Sonil Nanda
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128235966
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128230077

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Nanostructured Photocatalysts: From Fundamental to Practical Applications offers a good opportunity for academic, industrial researchers and engineers to gain insights on the fundamental principles and updated knowledge on the engineering aspects and various practical applications of photocatalysis. This book comprehensively and systematically reviews photocatalytic fundamental aspects, ranging from reaction mechanism, kinetic modeling, nanocatalyst synthesis and design, essential material characterization using advanced techniques, and novel reactor design and scale-up. Future perspectives, techno-economical evaluation and lifecycle assessment of photocatalytic processes are also provided. Finally, a wide range of practical, important and emerging photocatalytic applications, namely wastewater treatment, air pollution remediation, renewable and green energy generation, and vital chemical production are thoroughly covered, making this book useful and beneficial for engineers, scientists, academic researchers, undergraduates and postgraduates.

Key Features

  • Provides a fundamental understanding of photocatalysis
  • Covers all aspects of recent developments in photocatalytic processes and photocatalytic materials
  • Focuses on advanced photocatalytic applications and future research advancements on energy, environment, biomedical, and other specialty fields
  • Contains contributions from leading international experts in photocatalysis
  • Presents a valuable reference for academic and industrial researchers, scientists and engineers


Research scholars, PhDs, postdocs, researchers who are doing research in the field of photocatalysis who work on all kind of photocatalytic system of materials and applications of photocatalysis. Industrial researchers: Researchers in industries at the level of fresher and seniors can refer this book to have a glimpse on photocatalytic materials and applications. Applicable courses or exams: Master students who are pursuing science and engineering courses that study the photocatalysis as their class subjects

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • About the Editors
  • Preface
  • Section 1: Introduction and fundamental studies
  • Chapter 1: Nanostructured photocatalysts: Introduction to photocatalytic mechanism and nanomaterials for energy and environmental applications
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Introduction
  • 1.2: The working mechanism of photocatalysis
  • 1.3: Nanostructured photocatalysts
  • 1.4: Metal-organic frameworks
  • 1.5: Covalent organic frameworks
  • 1.6: Conclusions
  • Chapter 2: Kinetic and mass-transfer analyses in continuous photocatalytic reactors
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Introduction
  • 2.2: Conclusions
  • Chapter 3: Reaction mechanism for photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants
  • Abstract
  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2: Organic pollutants in the environment
  • 3.3: Organic pollutants removal techniques
  • 3.4: Photocatalytic degradation
  • 3.5: Photocatalytic degradation with dye sensitization
  • 3.6: Degradation mechanism of ciprofloxacin by TiO2/g-C3N4
  • 3.7: Photocatalytic degradation by ZnO-based photocatalysts
  • 3.8: Degradation mechanism of ephedrine by AgBr/P-g-C3N4
  • 3.9: Conclusions
  • Chapter 4: Photocatalytic radical species: An overview of how they are generated, detected, and measured
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 4.1: Introduction
  • 4.2: The hydroxyl radical (•OH)
  • 4.3: The superoxide anion radical (O2•−)
  • 4.4: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
  • 4.5: Exploring how screening for photocatalytic radicals can advance the technology
  • 4.6: Conclusions
  • Chapter 5: Metal nanoparticles in photocatalysis: Advances and challenges
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 5.1: Introduction
  • 5.2: Electronic and optical behavior of MNPs
  • 5.3: The fundamental aspects for the use of MNPs in photocatalysis
  • 5.4: Typical applications of MNPs in photocatalysis
  • 5.5: Conclusions
  • Chapter 6: Role of nanostructured metal oxides in photocatalysis: An overview
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Introduction
  • 6.2: An overview of environmental pollutants and remediation approaches
  • 6.3: Strategies and process for pollutant remediation
  • 6.4: Nanostructured metal oxides in photocatalysis
  • 6.5: Photocatalytic mechanism during photocatalysis
  • 6.6: Utilization and application of nanostructured metal oxides for photocatalysis
  • 6.7: Conclusions
  • Chapter 7: Perovskite materials as photocatalysts: Current status and future perspectives
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 7.1: Introduction
  • 7.2: Synthesis and characterization methods of nanostructured perovskite
  • 7.3: Applications of perovsikte in several important photocatalytic reactions
  • 7.4: State-of-the-art density functional theory studies in perovskites investigation and design: Background, case studies, and perspectives
  • 7.5: Applications of ultrasounds technique as new preparation methods of perovskite materials
  • 7.6: Conclusion
  • Section 2: Practical applications on agricultural-, energy-, environment-, medical-related fields
  • Chapter 8: Recent advances in sacrificial reagents toward sustainable light-driven photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 8.1: Introduction
  • 8.2: Photocatalytic water splitting: One-step and Z-scheme reactions
  • 8.3: Light-driven photocatalytic H2 evolution: Recent advances in sacrificial reagents
  • 8.4: Conclusions
  • Chapter 9: Plasmonic photocatalyst for hydrogen energy generation
  • Abstract
  • 9.1: Introduction
  • 9.2: Plasmonic metal oxide photocatalysts
  • 9.3: Plasmonic metal sulfides
  • 9.4: Plasmonic ternary semiconductors
  • 9.5: Conclusions
  • Chapter 10: Photoelectrochemical oxidation of water and degradation of pollutants using simple Bi-based metal oxide semiconductors under visible light irradiation
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 10.1: Introduction
  • 10.2: Principles of PEC oxidation of water and degradation of the pollutant
  • 10.3: Why Bi-based metal oxide semiconductors
  • 10.4: Conclusions
  • Chapter 11: Role of cellular solids in heterogeneous photocatalytic applications
  • Abstract
  • 11.1: Introduction
  • 11.2: Cellular solids
  • 11.3: Current implementations of heterogeneous photocatalysis
  • 11.4: Role of a cellular solid in heterogeneous photocatalysis
  • 11.5: Floating foam carriers for heterogeneous photocatalysis
  • 11.6: Conclusions
  • Chapter 12: Dye photosensitization on heterogeneous photocatalysis process, fundaments, and applications
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 12.1: Introduction
  • 12.2: The dye photosensitization process applied to heterogeneous photocatalysis
  • 12.3: Other application of the dye photosensitization process
  • 12.4: Types of dyes used in the photosensitization process
  • 12.5: Conclusions
  • Chapter 13: Recent progress in bismuth oxyhalides-based heterojunctions for CO2 photoreduction
  • Abstract
  • 13.1: Introduction
  • 13.2: The basic principle of photocatalytic CO2 conversion
  • 13.3: Potentials of BiOX as photocatalyst
  • 13.4: Fabrication strategies to synthesize BiOX nanocomposites
  • 13.5: Heterostructure formation strategy
  • 13.6: Conclusions
  • Chapter 14: Metal-organic framework photocatalysts for carbon dioxide reduction
  • Abstract
  • 14.1: Introduction
  • 14.2: Structure and properties of metal-organic frameworks
  • 14.3: Reactor design in MOFs photocatalysis
  • 14.4: Bandgaps engineering of MOFs
  • 14.5: Photoactive organic linkers in MOF photocatalysts
  • 14.6: Photoactive metal nodes in MOF photocatalysts
  • 14.7: Photocatalysis by postsynthetic modification in MOFs
  • 14.8: Photocatalysis by defective MOFs
  • 14.9: MOF-based composites as photocatalysts
  • 14.10: Conclusions and future perspectives
  • Chapter 15: Black phosphorus-based photocatalysts for energy and environmental applications
  • Abstract
  • 15.1: Introduction
  • 15.2: General properties of BP as a 2D semiconductor material
  • 15.3: Synthesis and characterization of BP
  • 15.4: From bulk BP to phosphorene
  • 15.5: The photocatalytic applications of BP and BP-based composites
  • Chapter 16: Synthesis, characterization, and applications of photocatalysts containing carbon species
  • Abstract
  • 16.1: Introduction
  • 16.2: Carbon species commonly used in photocatalyst applications and their properties
  • 16.3: Synthesis methods of semiconductor nanocomposite photocatalysts containing carbon species
  • 16.4: Characterization methods of semiconductor nanocomposite photocatalysts containing carbon species
  • 16.5: Synthesis, characterization, and applications of ZnO photocatalysts containing different carbon species
  • 16.6: Synthesis, characterization, and applications of TiO2 photocatalysts containing different carbon species
  • 16.7: Conclusions
  • Chapter 17: Prospects and challenges of photocatalysis for degradation and mineralization of antiviral drugs
  • Abstract
  • 17.1: Introduction
  • 17.2: Situation of usage of antiviral drugs
  • 17.3: Antiviral drugs contamination
  • 17.4: Photocatalytic degradation of antiviral drugs
  • 17.5: Practical application and future prospects
  • 17.6: Conclusions
  • Chapter 18: Recent developments in photocatalytic irradiation from CO2 to methanol
  • Abstract
  • 18.1: Introduction
  • 18.2: Thermodynamics
  • 18.3: Photocatalysis
  • 18.4: Overview of different photoreactors
  • 18.5: Prospects for photocatalytic reduction of CO2
  • 18.6: Conclusions
  • Chapter 19: A critical analysis of modification effects on nanostructured TiO2-based photocatalysts for hydrogen production
  • Abstract
  • 19.1: Introduction
  • 19.2: Effect of nonnoble metal doping on TiO2 nanostructure
  • 19.3: Effect of noble metal doping on TiO2 nanostructure
  • 19.4: Effect of cocatalyst on the activity of TiO2 nanostructure
  • 19.5: Optimization of hydrogen production over TiO2-based nanostructure
  • 19.6: Mechanistic pathway of hydrogen evolution by photocatalytic reaction
  • 19.7: Conclusions
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 580
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: June 25, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128235966
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128230077

About the Editors

Van-Huy Nguyen

Van-Huy Nguyen received the B.S. degree (2008) in Environmental Engineering from Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and M.S. degree (2010) in Chemical Engineering from National Taiwan University (NTU). He obtained his Ph.D. degree in Chemical Engineering from National Taiwan University of Science and Technology in 2015. Dr. Nguyen was previously a Post-doctoral Fellow at National Taiwan University. He has gained the knowledge and experiences from working in both academia and industry. Prior to joining Duy Tan University, he worked for Nan Pao (Vietnam), and Ton Duc Thang University as a Principal Investigator and Research Fellow, respectively. He also works as a Principal Researcher at Lac Hong University. Dr. Nguyen has published over 25 peer-reviewed journal articles, 3 book chapters and has presented at many international conferences. He is also the Guest-Editor of three Special Issues in respected journals such as the Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology (Wiley), Arabian Journal of Chemistry (Elsevier), and Topics in Catalysis (Springer). Dr. Nguyen is also an active reviewer for many high-impact journals published by Elsevier, RSC, MDPI, and Frontiers Publishers. His research works have gained wide interest through his highly-cited research publications, book chapters, conference presentations, and workshop lectures. His research focuses on chemical and materials aspects of (photo)catalytic processes and a basic understanding of (photo)catalysts, with emphasis on applied to environmental problems and production of clean energy.

Affiliations and Expertise

Duy Tan University, Vietnam Principal Researcher, Lac Hong University, Biên Hòa, Đồng Nai Province, Vietnam

Dai-Viet Vo

Dr. Dai-Viet N. Vo is currently the Director of the Center of Excellence for Green Energy and Environmental Nanomaterials at Nguyen Tat Thanh University in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. He received his Ph.D. degree in Chemical Engineering from The University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia in 2011. He has worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of New South Wales in Sydney and Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha. Formerly, he was a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering in the Universiti Malaysia Pahang in Kuantan, Malaysia (2013-2019). His research areas are in the production of green synthetic fuels via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis using biomass-derived syngas from various reforming processes. He is also an expert in advanced material synthesis and catalyst characterization. During his early career, he has worked as the principal investigator and co-investigator for 21 different funded research projects related to sustainable and alternative energy. He has published 6 books, 15 book chapters, more than 110 peer-reviewed journal articles and 80 conference proceedings. He has served in the technical and publication committees of numerous international conferences in chemical engineering, catalysis and renewable energy. Dr. Vo is an Assistant Subject Editor for the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier) and a Guest Editor for several Special Issues in high-impact factor journals such as the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier), Comptes Rendus Chimie (Elsevier), Chemical Engineering Science (Elsevier), Waste and Biomass Valorization (Springer), Topics in Catalysis (Springer), Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (Springer), Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology (Wiley) and Chemical Engineering & Technology (Wiley). He is also an Editorial Board Member of many international journals including PLOS One, SN Applied Sciences (Springer) and Scientific Reports (Springer Nature).

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Center of Excellence for Green Energy and Environmental Nanomaterials, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Sonil Nanda

Dr. Sonil Nanda is a Research Associate in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. He received his Ph.D. degree in Biology from York University, Canada; M.Sc. degree in Applied Microbiology from Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT University), India; and B.Sc. degree in Microbiology from Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, India. Dr. Nanda’s research areas are related to the production of advanced biofuels and biochemicals through thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies such as gasification, pyrolysis, carbonization and fermentation. He has gained expertise in hydrothermal gasification of a wide variety of organic wastes and biomass including agricultural and forestry residues, industrial effluents, municipal solid wastes, cattle manure, sewage sludge and food wastes to produce hydrogen fuel. His parallel interests are also in the generation of hydrothermal flames for the treatment of hazardous wastes, agronomic applications of biochar, phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils, as well as carbon capture and sequestration. Dr. Nanda has published over 80 peer-reviewed journal articles, 30 book chapters and has presented at many international conferences. Dr. Nanda serves as a Fellow Member of the Society for Applied Biotechnology in India, as well as a Life Member of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers; Association of Microbiologists of India; Indian Science Congress Association; and the Biotech Research Society of India. He is also an active member of several chemical engineering societies across North America such as the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Chemical Institute of Canada, and the Combustion Institute-Canadian Section. Dr. Nanda is an Assistant Subject Editor for the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier). He has also edited several Special Issues in renowned journals such as the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier), Chemical Engineering Science (Elsevier) Waste and Biomass Valorization (Springer), Topics in Catalysis (Springer), SN Applied Sciences (Springer), Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (Springer), and Chemical Engineering & Technology (Wiley).

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Associate, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

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