Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128139264

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification

1st Edition

Editors: Sabu Thomas Daniel Pasiquini Shao-Yuan Leu Deepu Gopakumar
Paperback ISBN: 9780128139264
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st October 2018
Page Count: 600
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction for nanomaterials :-state of art, new challenges and opportunities
1.1. Introduction and history
1.2. State of Art and new Challenges
1.3. Different preparation methods
1.4. Different type of characterization methods
1.5. Different type of applications
1.6. Conclusion
1.7. References

Chapter 2:  Nanomaterials and water purification:-opportunities for improving and protecting water supplies
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Type of wastewater to be treated
2.2 Importance of nano materials in water purification
2.3 Basic mechanisms and emerging technologies for water purification
2.4 Challenges
2.5 References

Chapter 3:  Membrane technology
3.1 Introduction to membrane processes
3.2 Ultra filtration
3.3 Nanofiltration
3.4 Reverse Osmosis
3.5 Definition of membrane.
3.6 various phase separation for membrane manufacture.
3.7 Challenges
3.8 Conclusion
3.9 References

Chapter 4:
.1 Porous membranes
 4.2 Polysulfone /Poly (ether sulfone)
4.3 Polyacrylonitrile
4.4 Cellulose esters
4.5 Polyimide/Poly (ether imide)
4.6 Polyamide (aliphatic)
4.7 Polyvinilydine di fluride
4.8 Polyether ether ketone
4.9 Conclusion
4.10 References

Chapter 5:  Nanocellululose membranes
 5.1 Introduction to Bio-massed nanomaterials
5.2 Extraction of cellulose nanofibers
5.3 Extraction of cellulose nanowhiskers
5.4 Nanocellulose papers for water filtration
5.5 Cellulose nanofibers based membranes for water purification.
5.6 Cellulose nanowhiskers based membranes for water purification.
5.7 Conclusion
5.8 References

Chapter 6:  Chitosan based membranes
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Extraction of Chitosan nanofibers
6.3 Extraction of chitosan nanowhiskers
6.4Chitosan nanofibers based membranes for water purification.
6.5Chitosan nanowhiskers based membranes for water purification.
6.6 Extraction of chitin nanowhiskers and its membrane based on water purification.
6.7 Conclusion
6.8 References

Chapter 7:  Starch –stabilized bimetallic nanoparticles
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Extraction of starch nanoparticles
7.3 Importance of bi metallic nanoparticles in water purification.
7.4 Dechlorination of Trichloroethane in ground water using  starch-stabilized bimetallic nanoparticles.
7.5 Removal of Polychlorinated biphenyls from ground water using starch-stabilized bi metallic nanoparticles.
7.6 Conclusion
7.7 References

Chapter 8:  Engineered graphite oxide materials
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Importance of graphite oxide in waste water treatment.
8.3 Preparation of Graphite oxide preparation.
8.4 Functionalization of GO by Diazonium Chemistry.
8.5 Removal of heavy metals via nano structured GO coating.
8.6 Removal of dyes via nano structured GO coating.
8.7 Limitations
8.8 Conclusion
8.9 References 

Chapter 9:  Carbon nanotube based membranes
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Carbon nanotubes in water treatment
9.3 Water transport through CNT hollow tubes.
9.4 Fabrication and functionalization of CNT membranes for water purification.
9.5 Factors goverening CNT membranes quality
9.6 Comparison of CNT membranes with other commercially available membranes.
9.7 Current challenges
9.8 Conclusion
9.9 References

Chapter 10: New generation nanobased adsorbents
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Adsorption
10.3 Water treatment by Adsorption on nanoparticles.
10.3.1 Removal of inorganic pollutants. Arsenic Cadmium  Cobalt Copper Selenium Miscellaneous Metal ions.  Anions
 10.3.2 Removal of organic pollutants Dyes Pesticides Hydrocarbons
10.3.3 Removal of Biological pollutants Viruses and Bacteria
   10.4 Separation of nanoparticles
10.5 Future perspectives of Nanoparticles
10.6 Conclusion
10.7 References

Chapter 11:  Polymeric membranes incorporated with metal/metal oxide nanoparticles
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Introduction to metal and metal oxide nanoparticles.
11.3 membranes impregnated with silver based nanoparticles for water treatment.
11.4 Membranes impregnated with Zirconium based nanoparticles for water treatment
11.5 Membranes impregnated with silica based nanoparticles for water treatment
11.6 membranes impregnated with titanium   based nanoparticles for water treatment
11.7 membranes impregnated with magnesium based nanoparticles for water treatment
11.8 conclusion
11.9 References

Chapter 12:  Iron oxide nanomaterials
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Iron oxide nanomaterials in water treatment.
12.3 Iron oxide nanomaterials as nanoabsorbents for heavy metals.
12.4 Iron oxide nano materials as nanoabsorbents for organic contaminants.
12.5 iron oxide nano materials in environment
12.6 Current and future challenges
12.7 Conclusion
12.8 References

Chapter 13:  Electrospun nanofibrous filtration membranes
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Processing
13.3 Fundamental aspect
13.4 Parameter investigation
13.5 Nanoparticles based electrospun composite membranes for water purification.
13.6 Challenges
13.7 Conclusion
13.8 References

Chapter 14:  Nanocatalyts and redox nanoparticles
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Potential of nanoparticles as nanocatalysts and redox nanoparticles for water purification.
14.3 Tio2 as promising photocataltys for water purification.
14.4 Nanoscale zero valent iron materials as effective redox media for water purification.
14.5 Bimetallic nanoparticles as effective redox media for water purification.
14.6 Challenges
14.7 Conclusion
14.8  References

Chapter 15:  Bio-active nanoparticles
15.1 introduction to bio-active nanoparticles
15.2 Synthesis of Bio-active nanoparticles.
15.3 MgO  nanoparticles for water purification
15.4 Silver nanoparticles for water purification
15.5 Bio-active nanoparticles based composite membrane for water purification.
15.6 Challenges
15.7 Conclusion
15.8 References

Chapter 16:  Dendrimer enhanced ultra filtration
16.1 Introduction to Dendritic polymers
16.2 Processing of Dendritic polymers
16.3 Role of Dendritic polymers in water purification.
16.4 Challenges
16.5 Conclusion
16.6 References

Chapter 17:  Magnetic nanoparticles
17.1 Introduction to magnetically assisted processes
17.2 Magnetic separation for water purification
17.3 Types of magnets
          18.3.1 Iron based
          18.3.2 Nickel based
           18.3.3 Cobalt based
17.4 magnetically assisted water purification via  direct purification
17.5 magnetically assisted water purification via seeding and separation of magnetic flocculants.
17.6 magnetic sorbent application in organic and inorganic contaminants .
17.7 Role of super conducting magnets in water purification
17.8 Magnetic sorbets
            17.8.1 Magnetic sorbents for organic pollutants.
            17.8.2 Magnetic sorbents for inorganic pollutants
17.8.3 Magnetic sorbents for radioactive pollutants
17.9   Challenges
17.10   References

Chapter 18:  Noble metal nanoparticles
18.1 Introduction Noble metal nanoparticles
18.2 Need for Noble metal nanoparticles in water purification
18.3  Noble  metal nanoparticle based chemistries
18.4  Removal of pesticides in drinking water using noble metal nanoparticles.
18.5 Chemistry of heavy metal ions with noble metal nanoparticles
18.6  Removal of micro organisms in drinking water using noble metal nanoparticles.
18.7 Challenges
18.8 References

Chapter 19: Semiconductor photocatalysis
19.2 Need for the semiconductor photocatalysis in water purification
19.3 Choices of semiconductor photocatalysis in water purification.
19.4 photo mineralization of organic pollutants by semiconductors.
19.5 wear efficiency and costings of semiconductors for water purification
19.6 Titanium oxide nanoparticles for water purification.
19.7 challenges
19.8 Conclusion
19.9 References

Chapter 20:  Electro-assisted methods
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Importance of electrochemistry in water purification
20.3 Design of electrochemical reactor for water purification.
20.4 Electrochemical methods
20.4.1 Anodic Oxidation
20.4.2 Direct Oxidation
20.4.3 Indirect Oxidation
20.5 Electro dialysis treatment for polluted water
20.6 Electrochemically generated species for disinfection.
20.7 Electro sorption for the removal of contaminants from water.
20.8 Challenges
20.9 Conclusion
20.10 References

Chapter 21:  Perspective future development of nano technique for water purification
(Conclusive statement)


Nanoscale Materials for Water Purification brings together sustainable solutions using novel nanomaterials to alleviate the physical effects of water scarcity. This book covers a wide range of nanomaterials, including noble metal nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, bioactive nanoparticles, polysaccharide-based nanoparticles, nanocatalysts and redox nanoparticles for water purification. Significant properties and characterization methods of nanomaterials, such as surface morphology, mechanical properties, and adsorption capacities are also investigated. This book is an important research reference for materials scientists and environmental engineers who want to learn more about nanomaterials and their use in more effective water purification systems.

Key Features

  • Explains how the unique properties of a range of nanomaterials makes them important water purification agents
  • Shows how the use of nanotechnology can help create cheaper, more reliable, less energy-intensive, more environmentally friendly water purification techniques
  • Includes case studies to show how nanotechnology has successfully been integrated into water purification system design


Materials scientists and environmental scientists wanting to learn more about how nanotechnology can improve water purification techniques and systems


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2019
Paperback ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Sabu Thomas Editor

Professor Thomas is the Director of the International and Interuniversity Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and full professor of Polymer Science and Engineering at the School of Chemical Sciences of Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. He is an outstanding leader with sustained international acclaims for his work in Polymer Science and Engineering, Polymer Nanocomposites, Elastomers, Polymer Blends, Interpenetrating Polymer Networks, Polymer Membranes, Green Composites and Nanocomposites, Nanomedicine and Green Nanotechnology. Dr. Thomas’s ground breaking inventions in polymer nanocomposites, polymer blends, green bionanotechnological and nano-biomedical sciences, have made transformative differences in the development of new materials for automotive, space, housing and biomedical fields. Professor Thomas has received a number of national and international awards which include: Fellowship of the Royal Society of Chemistry, Distinguished Professorship from Josef Stefan Institute, Slovenia, MRSI medal, CRSI medal and Sukumar Maithy award. He is in the list of most productive researchers in India and holds a position of No.5. Professor Thomas has published over 720 peer reviewed research papers, reviews and book chapters. He has co-edited 54 books published by Royal Society, Wiley, Wood head, Elsevier, CRC Press, Springer, Nova etc. He is the inventor of 4 patents. Prof. Thomas has delivered over 300 Plenary/Inaugural and Invited lectures in national/international meetings over 30 countries. He has already supervised 74 Ph.D theses.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India and International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Daniel Pasiquini Editor

Daniel Pasiquini is Adjunct Professor at the Chemistry Institute of the Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil. His research focuses on materials derived from renewable resources

Affiliations and Expertise

Adjunct Professor, Chemistry Institute of the Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil

Shao-Yuan Leu Editor

Shao-Yuan (Ben) Leu is Assistant Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. His research focuses on the treatment of waste water.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong

Deepu Gopakumar Editor

Deepu A. Gopakumar works at the International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, School of Chemical Sciences,, Mahatma Gandhi University, India. His research focuses on nanocellulose-based polymer membranes for water treatment.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, India