Nanocomposite Structures and Dispersions

1st Edition

Authors: Ignac Capek
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444527165
eBook ISBN: 9780080479590
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 27th July 2006
Page Count: 312
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Nanocomposite Structures and Dispersions is concerned with the chemistry of the reaction approaches by which polymer and metal particles are synthesized. Although, the scope of this volume is focused on metal particles, the basic knowledge of polymer colloids preparation is presented. Therefore, this book would serve as a general introduction to people just entering the field and for the experts seeking for the information in other sub-fields.

Dealing with nanoscience and nanotechnology from the viewpoint of a chemist, therefore the book describes in detail terms, definitions, theories, experiments, and techniques dealing with synthesis of polymer and metal particles.

Nanocomposite Structures and Dispersions is focused on both the organic (synthetic and natural) and inorganic materials, and their hybrids. The aim is to summarize the fundamentals and mechanistic approaches in preparation and characterization of colloidal nanoparticles and dispersions so as to provide the readers a systematic and coherent picture of the field. The book introduces the reader the interesting field of nanoscience based on polymer and metal colloidal nanoparticles. Placing a special emphasis on polymer, inorganic and metal nanomaterials classified as nanoparticles, nanocrystals, nanorods, nanotubes, nanobelts, etc.

Key Features

  • Serves as a general introduction for those just entering the field and experts seeking information in other sub-fields
  • Variety of synthetic approaches is described including emulsion, miniemulsion and microemulsion approaches, hogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation approaches under mild and high temperatures
  • Focused on both the organic (synthetic and natural) and inorganic materials, and their hybrids


Chemical engineers, polymer chemists, organic chemists, colloid chemists, materials scientists and nanotechnologists

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Nanotechnology and nanomaterials
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Nanotechnology
1.3. Nanoparticles – basic component of nanotechnology
1.4. Nanodevices, nanoelectronics
1.5. Industrial aspects of nanotechnology
1.6. Investigative tools
1.7. Nano-architectures

Chapter 2 - Preparation of polymer-based nanomaterials
2.1. Introduction

2.2. Solution or bulk polymerization
2.3. Emulsion polymerization
2.4. Microemulsion polymerization
2.4.1. Micelles and microemulsion
2.4.2. Microemulsion polymerization
2.5. Miniemulsion polymerization
2.6. Dispersion polymerization
2.7. Assemblies

Chapter 3 - Preparation of colloidal metal particles
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Bottom-up approach
3.2.1. Precipitation
3.2.2. Microemulsion microemulsion copolymer micelles
3.2.3. Other approaches
3.2.4. Bimetalic particles
3.2.5. Reducing agents and processes
3.2.6. Recipes for magnetic colloidal particles

Chapter 4 - Modification and passivation of colloidal particles
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Solvents and ligands
4.3. Ligand exchange
4.4. Particle growth techniques
4.5. Digestive ripening process
4.6. Deposition
4.7. Recipes for nanocomposite particles


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© Elsevier Science 2006
Elsevier Science
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About the Author

Ignac Capek

Born: February 5th, 1947 in Czechoslovakia (Slovakia) Studied at Commenius University, Faculty of Organic Chemistry, Bratislava, 1965 – 1970 (M.Sc thesis). PhD thesis finished in1975 and D.Sc. thesis in 1996 at Polymer Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS), Bratislava, Slovakia. Prof. thesis defenced in 2005 at T.Bata University, Zlin, Czech republic. Head of Department, Member of Commission for Ph.D Defence, Garant of PhD studies, Chairman of 15th Bratislava International Conference on Polymers, IUPAC Sponsored International Microsymposium,, “Nonconventional Polymer Dispersions”, Smolenice, June 25-28, 2001, Slovakia. Employed at Polymer Institute SAS, Bratislava and in Faculty of industrial technologies Trencin University, Puchov. Principle investigator of ca. 30 (basic) research and industrial projects. Topics studied: Preparation and characterization of conventional and nonconventional polymer and polymer/metal dispersions and metal fluids. Modification, functionalization and decoration of polymer and metal nanoparticles by DNA aptamers and oligomers and peptides. Development of biosensors on the base of metal nanoparticles and DNA and peptides conjugates. Study stays (long) abroad: 1. Waterloo University, Polymer Institute, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, as a post-doc, 1979 (15 months), 2. Stuttgart University, Ins. Tech. Chemie, Stuttgart, Germany, (supported by Humboldt Fellowship), 1988 (15 months), 3. Kagoshima University, Dept. Chem. Eng., Kagoshima, Japan (a post of Old Scientist., supported by the Japan Society for the promotion of Science), 1991 (10months), Prof. M.Akashi 4. MARAMARA Res. Center, Turkey, 1993, 5. San Sebastian University, Spain, 1994, Prof. J.M.Asua 6. Mulhouse University, France (1995), Prof. J. P. Fouassier National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan, 1998 and 1999. Prof. I. Capek is author and co-author of 5 scientific books, 20 chapters, 20

Affiliations and Expertise

Polymer Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, Bratislava, Slovakia