Nano-Enhanced and Nanostructured Polymer-Based Membranes for Energy Applications

Nano-Enhanced and Nanostructured Polymer-Based Membranes for Energy Applications

1st Edition - January 22, 2022

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  • Author: Maria Giovanna Buonomenna
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081019856
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081019863

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Description

There is a growing need for better membranes in several emerging application fields especially those related to energy conversion and storage as well as to water treatment and recycling. Processability, is an important functional property, often ignored, especially in the early discovery phase for new materials, but it should be one of the most important properties, that needs to be considered in the development of better membrane materials. Useful membrane materials have to be capable of being formed into thin membranes, in particular for membrane gas separation, water treatment and desalination, and then packaged, into large area membrane modules. All gas separation membranes that are in current commercial use are based on polymers, which are solution-processable. This book intends to deal with composite, in most cases hybrid polymer-based membranes for three separate application fields: energy conversion, energy storage and water treatment and recovery. Each chapter will explain clearly the various membrane processes then go on to discuss in detail the corresponding advanced membranes used. The logic that lies behind this is that you have to understand the process in order to develop new high-performance membranes. By taking this approach, the author aims to overcome the disconnection that currently exists between membrane materials scientists and industrial process engineers.

Key Features

  • Discusses interdisciplinary content by a single author, approaching synthesis and development of materials from the perspective of their processability
  • Describes the novel aspects of membrane science that is related to energy storage, conversion and wastewater treatment
  • Presents an emphasis on scientific results which have an impact on real applications in terms of renewable and clean energy challenges

Readership

Renewable and environmentally-friendly clean energy professionals and consultants, materials scientists, Ph.D and under-graduate students on materials science courses

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • About the author
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Overview of nanostructured and nano-enhanced membranes
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Introduction: A glimpse at the various definitions and classifications
  • 1.2: Overview of membrane processes
  • 1.3: The general trade-off between membrane permeability and selectivity and the need of material design at a nanoscale
  • 1.4: Outlook
  • Chapter 2: Membranes for blue energy conversion by pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO)
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Introduction
  • 2.2: Osmotic processes and PRO
  • 2.3: Configuration of PRO systems
  • 2.4: Historical aspects of PRO
  • 2.5: Main theoretical aspects of PRO
  • 2.6: Nonidealities of PRO: Realistic membranes
  • 2.7: Optimal PRO membrane characteristics and trade-offs
  • 2.8: Hybrid RO-PRO systems to reduce the energy of seawater desalination
  • 2.9: PRO membrane preparation
  • 2.10: Conclusions and outlook
  • Chapter 3: Membranes for blue energy conversion by reverse electrodialysis (RED)
  • Abstract
  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2: RED and other electrochemical membrane processes
  • 3.3: RED configurations: Open-loop and closed-loop systems
  • 3.4: Historical aspects of RED
  • 3.5: Main theoretical aspects of RED
  • 3.6: Nonidealities of RED: Realistic membranes
  • 3.7: Optimal RED membrane characteristics and trade-offs
  • 3.8: RED as energy storage device
  • 3.9: RED membrane preparation
  • 3.10: Conclusions and outlook
  • Chapter 4: Nanostructured membranes for gas and vapor separation
  • Abstract
  • 4.1: Introduction: A broader context
  • 4.2: Background
  • 4.3: Perfluoropolymers
  • 4.4: Polynorbornenes
  • 4.5: Polymers of intrinsic microporosity
  • 4.6: Thermal rearranged polymers
  • 4.7: Conclusions and outlook
  • Chapter 5: Mixed matrix membranes for gas separation
  • Abstract
  • 5.1: Introduction
  • 5.2: A historical excursus on MMMs
  • 5.3: Filler engineering
  • 5.4: Polymer/selective flake MMMs
  • 5.5: Polymer/filler combination: Modeling gas separation performance
  • 5.6: Preparation methods and configurations
  • 5.7: Conclusions and outlook
  • Chapter 6: Membranes for redox flow batteries
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Introduction
  • 6.2: Working principle of RFBs
  • 6.3: Performance metrics of RFBs
  • 6.4: Components of RFBs
  • 6.5: Types of RFBs
  • 6.6: Integrated RFBs
  • 6.7: Evolution of the research on membrane materials for RFBs
  • 6.8: Membrane preparation
  • 6.9: Conclusions and outlook
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 424
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2022
  • Published: January 22, 2022
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081019856
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081019863

About the Author

Maria Giovanna Buonomenna

M.G. Buonomenna (Salerno, 1975), graduated in Chemistry in 1998 (110/110), obtained the license and status of Professional Chemist in 1999 (100/100). She was awarded a Research Fellowship in Membrane Materials and Operations in 1999 from the Institute on Membrane and Technology (ITM) (former IRMERC)-National Research Council of Italy (CNR) and a PhD in Chemical Engineering and Materials in 2005 from the University of Calabria. In February 2014 and for the second time in October 2018, she obtained the qualification of Associate Professor in Chemical Fundamentals of Technologies from the Italian Ministry for Instruction, University and Research (MIUR). Her research activities relate to membrane science and technology for sustainable processes. She is the author of more than 70 scientific papers in peer-reviewed international journals, 1 book, more than 90 contributions published in conferences proceedings, 10 chapters of scientific books, editor of 1 book on advanced membrane materials, guest-editor of 9 Special Issues in peer-reviewed international journals, and member of the Editorial Boards for a number of international peer-reviewed journals. She has been an Invited Speaker in numerous international conferences. She serves as reviewer for several international scientific journals and as expert evaluator for International Funding Agencies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Fellow, National Research Council (CNR), IRMERC-CNR, Italy

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