Nano and Micro Engineered Membrane Technology

Nano and Micro Engineered Membrane Technology

1st Edition - February 5, 2004

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  • Author: CJM van Rijn
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444514899
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080512341

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Nano and Micro Engineered Membrane Technology is about Nano and micro engineered membrane technology, an emerging new technological area in membrane technology. Potential applications cover a broad spectrum of science, such as micro and nano filtration, gas separation, optics and nanophotonics, catalysis, microbiology, controlled drug delivery, nanopatterning, micro contact printing, atomisation, cross flow emulsification, etc. A brief overview of filtration membranes and pore structures is presented in chapter 1 and in the subsequent chapter 2 an overview is presented of conventional micro perforation methods, like laser drilling, electroforming, precision etching etc. With micro engineering techniques (chapter 3), originating from the semiconductor industry, it is relatively easy to downscale and form submicron pores (down to 100 nm) using photolithographic methods, with e.g. contact masks and wafer steppers. In chapter 4 some elementary fluid mechanics related to fluid flow in conducts and single and multiple orifices is presented covering analytical methods as well as computational fluid dynamics. Much effort has been put in strength and maximum pressure load analysis (chapter 5) of perforated and unperforated membranes. New analytical expressions were obtained that were verified by a number of computer simulations and many experiments. A separate chapter (chapter 6) has been devoted to the pioneering work of manufacturing polymeric perforated membranes because of its potential future economical impact. Large scale microfiltration applications on e.g. skim milk and lager beer are presented in chapter 7, whereas in chapter 8 a micro scale Lab-on-a-Chip microfiltration/fractionation demonstrator is discussed. Nanotechnology and nano engineered membranes is the fascinating topic of chapter 9, with typical examples as nanopatterning, nanophotonics and nanomembrane technology. This book closes with novel pioneering applications on atomization (chapter 10) for deep pulmonary inhale and cross flow emulsification (chapter 11) for the manufacturing of e.g. functional foods and nano/micro emulsions.

Key Features

  • Overview on the implementation of nano and micro engineering techniques in membrane science; which is an upcoming new cross-road technology
  • Demonstration of feasibility with respect to micro and nano filtration, gas separation, photonic structures, catalysis, microbiology, controlled drug delivery, nanopatterning, micro contact printing, atomisation and emulsification techniques
  • Informative introductions with rules of thumb for fluid flow in micro channels, pressure strength of thin supported perforated and unperforated membranes, silicon micro machining techniques, membrane filtration technology, Rayleigh breakup and cross-flow emulsification


Industry consultants and individual scientists in the area of chemical engineering, physical chemistry, membrane technology, and material science

Table of Contents

  • Overview Membrane Technology

    Membrane Processes

    • Filtration through size exclusion

    • Separation by solution-diffusion process

    • Separation by charge

    Membrane Structures

    • Ceramic membranes

    • Polymeric membranes

    • Nanocomposite membranes

    • Other membrane structures

    Microperforation Methods

    Wet etching of perforations in metal foils

    Electroforming of perforations

    Electro perforation

    Laser cutting and drilling of perforations

    Hot embossing

    Micro Engineered Membranes

    Introduction micro engineering

    MEMS Silicon micro engineering

    Micro engineered unperforated membranes

    Micro engineered perforated membranes

    Semiconductor lithography

    Laser interference lithography

    • Device fabrication with short exposure time

    • Short versus long exposure times

    Fabrication of microsieves with silicon wafers

    • Wet etching through the pores

    • Silicon Wafers

    Fluid Mechanics

    Fluid flow through a channel and an orifice

    Flow through rectangular and circular orifices

    Membrane Deflection and Maximum Pressure Load

    Analytical pressure load expressions


    Perforated membranes and maximum pressure load

    Polymeric Membranes

    Photolithographic polyimide membranes

    Hot moulding techniques

    Phase separation micro moulding

    • Moulding of micro array and a microwell

    • Flat sheet and tubular polymeric structures

    • Capillary polymeric structures

    Cross flow microfiltration of large particles

    Cross flow microfiltration of polydisperse suspensions

    Microfiltration of lager beer

    Micro filtration and fractionation of milk

    Microfiltration of blood-cell concentrates

    Microscreens for rapid microbiological detection

    Lab and Fab-on-a-Chip

    Lab-on-a-Chip for particle fractionation

    Fab-on-a-Chip for de-hydrogenation process

    Nanotechnology and Nano Engineered Membranes

    Introduction Nanotechnology

    Zeolites, self assembled molecular sieves

    • Molecular sieves on siliconnitride membranes Patterning of nanostructures

    • Stencilling with nanosieves

    Nanosieves for Photonic Structures

    • Silicon nitride photonic crystals

    • Alumina photonic crystals

    Nano membrane separation technology

    Nano engineered biomembranes

    • Biosensors Nanotubes

    • Carbon nanotubes

    • Templated nanotubes and nanofiltration

    • Nano printing and etching


    Introduction theory

    Atomisation with micro machined nozzles

    Membrane Emulsification

    CFD and membrane emulsification

    Analytical cross-flow emulsification model

Product details

  • No. of pages: 398
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2004
  • Published: February 5, 2004
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444514899
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080512341

About the Author

CJM van Rijn

Affiliations and Expertise

General Manager Aquamarijn Research BV, The Netherlands

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