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Nano and Micro Engineered Membrane Technology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444514899, 9780080512341

Nano and Micro Engineered Membrane Technology, Volume 10

1st Edition

Author: CJM van Rijn
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444514899
eBook ISBN: 9780080512341
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 5th February 2004
Page Count: 398
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Table of Contents

Overview Membrane Technology

Membrane Processes

• Filtration through size exclusion

• Separation by solution-diffusion process

• Separation by charge

Membrane Structures

• Ceramic membranes

• Polymeric membranes

• Nanocomposite membranes

• Other membrane structures

Microperforation Methods

Wet etching of perforations in metal foils

Electroforming of perforations

Electro perforation

Laser cutting and drilling of perforations

Hot embossing

Micro Engineered Membranes

Introduction micro engineering

MEMS Silicon micro engineering

Micro engineered unperforated membranes

Micro engineered perforated membranes

Semiconductor lithography

Laser interference lithography

• Device fabrication with short exposure time

• Short versus long exposure times

Fabrication of microsieves with silicon wafers

• Wet etching through the pores

• Silicon Wafers

Fluid Mechanics

Fluid flow through a channel and an orifice

Flow through rectangular and circular orifices

Membrane Deflection and Maximum Pressure Load

Analytical pressure load expressions


Perforated membranes and maximum pressure load

Polymeric Membranes

Photolithographic polyimide membranes

Hot moulding techniques

Phase separation micro moulding

• Moulding of micro array and a microwell

• Flat sheet and tubular polymeric structures

• Capillary polymeric structures

Cross flow microfiltration of large particles

Cross flow microfiltration of polydisperse suspensions

Microfiltration of lager beer

Micro filtration and fractionation of milk

Microfiltration of blood-cell concentrates

Microscreens for rapid microbiological detection

Lab and Fab-on-a-Chip

Lab-on-a-Chip for particle fractionation

Fab-on-a-Chip for de-hydrogenation process

Nanotechnology and Nano Engineered Membranes

Introduction Nanotechnology

Zeolites, self assembled molecular sieves

• Molecular sieves on siliconnitride membranes Patterning of nanostructures

• Stencilling with nanosieves

Nanosieves for Photonic Structures

• Silicon nitride photonic crystals

• Alumina photonic crystals

Nano membrane separation technology

Nano engineered biomembranes

• Biosensors Nanotubes

• Carbon nanotubes

• Templated nanotubes and nanofiltration

• Nano printing and etching


Introduction theory

Atomisation with micro machined nozzles

Membrane Emulsification

CFD and membrane emulsification

Analytical cross-flow emulsification model


Nano and Micro Engineered Membrane Technology is about Nano and micro engineered membrane technology, an emerging new technological area in membrane technology. Potential applications cover a broad spectrum of science, such as micro and nano filtration, gas separation, optics and nanophotonics, catalysis, microbiology, controlled drug delivery, nanopatterning, micro contact printing, atomisation, cross flow emulsification, etc. A brief overview of filtration membranes and pore structures is presented in chapter 1 and in the subsequent chapter 2 an overview is presented of conventional micro perforation methods, like laser drilling, electroforming, precision etching etc. With micro engineering techniques (chapter 3), originating from the semiconductor industry, it is relatively easy to downscale and form submicron pores (down to 100 nm) using photolithographic methods, with e.g. contact masks and wafer steppers. In chapter 4 some elementary fluid mechanics related to fluid flow in conducts and single and multiple orifices is presented covering analytical methods as well as computational fluid dynamics. Much effort has been put in strength and maximum pressure load analysis (chapter 5) of perforated and unperforated membranes. New analytical expressions were obtained that were verified by a number of computer simulations and many experiments. A separate chapter (chapter 6) has been devoted to the pioneering work of manufacturing polymeric perforated membranes because of its potential future economical impact. Large scale microfiltration applications on e.g. skim milk and lager beer are presented in chapter 7, whereas in chapter 8 a micro scale Lab-on-a-Chip microfiltration/fractionation demonstrator is discussed.

Nanotechnology and nano engineered membranes is the fascinating topic of chapter 9, with typical examples as nanopatterning, nanophotonics and nanomembrane technology. This book closes with novel pioneering applications on atomization (chapter 10) for deep pulmonary inhale and cross flow emulsification (chapter 11) for the manufacturing of e.g. functional foods and nano/micro emulsions.

Key Features

  • Overview on the implementation of nano and micro engineering techniques in membrane science; which is an upcoming new cross-road technology
  • Demonstration of feasibility with respect to micro and nano filtration, gas separation, photonic structures, catalysis, microbiology, controlled drug delivery, nanopatterning, micro contact printing, atomisation and emulsification techniques
  • Informative introductions with rules of thumb for fluid flow in micro channels, pressure strength of thin supported perforated and unperforated membranes, silicon micro machining techniques, membrane filtration technology, Rayleigh breakup and cross-flow emulsification


Industry consultants and individual scientists in the area of chemical engineering, physical chemistry, membrane technology, and material science


No. of pages:
© Elsevier Science 2004
5th February 2004
Elsevier Science
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:


"This book gives an excellent overview of production methods and applications of micro-(and nano-) engineered membranes, and addresses a large auditorium with interest and background in materials technology." --Christian Simon, SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Norway, MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS, Vol. 75, 2005

Ratings and Reviews

About the Author

CJM van Rijn

Affiliations and Expertise

General Manager Aquamarijn Research BV, The Netherlands