This book is about Nano and micro engineered membrane technology, an emerging new technological area in membrane technology. Potential applications cover a broad spectrum of science, such as micro and nano filtration, gas separation, optics and nanophotonics, catalysis, microbiology, controlled drug delivery, nanopatterning, micro contact printing, atomisation, cross flow emulsification, etc. A brief overview of filtration membranes and pore structures is presented in chapter 1 and in the subsequent chapter 2 an overview is presented of conventional micro perforation methods, like laser drilling, electroforming, precision etching etc. With micro engineering techniques (chapter 3), originating from the semiconductor industry, it is relatively easy to downscale and form submicron pores (down to 100 nm) using photolithographic methods, with e.g. contact masks and wafer steppers. In chapter 4 some elementary fluid mechanics related to fluid flow in conducts and single and multiple orifices is presented covering analytical methods as well as computational fluid dynamics. Much effort has been put in strength and maximum pressure load analysis (chapter 5) of perforated and unperforated membranes. New analytical expressions were obtained that were verified by a number of computer simulations and many experiments. A separate chapter (chapter 6) has been devoted to the pioneering work of manufacturing polymeric perforated membranes because of its potential future economical impact. Large scale microfiltration applications on e.g. skim milk and lager beer are presented in chapter 7, whereas in chapter 8 a micro scale Lab-on-a-Chip microfiltration/fractionation demonstrator is discussed. Nanotechnology and nano engineered membranes is the fascinating topic of chapter 9, with typical examples as nanopatterning, nanophotonics and nanomembrane technology. This book closes with novel pioneering applications on atomization (chapter 10) for deep pulmonary inhale and cros

Key Features

1. Overview on the implementation of nano and micro engineering techniques in membrane science; which is an upcoming new cross-road technology. 2. Demonstration of feasibility with respect to micro and nano filtration, gas separation, photonic structures, catalysis, microbiology, controlled drug delivery, nanopatterning, micro contact printing, atomisation and emulsification techniques. 3. Informative introductions with rules of thumb for fluid flow in micro channels, pressure strength of thin supported perforated and unperforated membranes, silicon micro machining techniques, membrane filtration technology, Rayleigh breakup and cross-flow emulsification.


Industry consultants and individual scientists in the area of chemical engineering, physical chemistry, membrane technology, and material science.

Table of Contents

Overview Membrane Technology
Membrane Processes
Filtration through size exclusion
Separation by solution-diffusion process
Separation by charge
Membrane Structures
Ceramic membranes
Polymeric membranes
Nanocomposite membranes
Other membrane structures

Microperforation Methods
Wet etching of perforations in metal foils
Electroforming of perforations
Electro perforation
Laser cutting and drilling of perforations
Hot embossing

Micro Engineered Membranes
Introduction micro engineering
MEMS Silicon micro engineering
Micro engineered unperforated membranes
Micro engineered perforated membranes
Semiconductor lithography
Laser interference lithography
Device fabrication with short exposure time
Short versus long exposure times
Fabrication of microsieves with silicon wafers
Wet etching through the pores
Silicon Wafers

Fluid Mechanics
Fluid flow through a channel and an orifice
Flow through rectangular and circular orifices

Membrane Deflection and Maximum Pressure Load


No. of pages:
© 2004
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the editor

CJM van Rijn

Affiliations and Expertise

General Manager Aquamarijn Research BV, The Netherlands


@qu: "This book gives an excellent overview of production methods and applications of micro-(and nano-) engineered membranes, and addresses a large auditorium with interest and background in materials technology." @source: Christian Simon, SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Norway, MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS, Vol. 75, 2005