Muscle and Sensory Testing  - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9781437716115, 9781455777303

Muscle and Sensory Testing

3rd Edition

Print ISBN: 9781437716115
eBook ISBN: 9781455777303
Imprint: Saunders


If you want to excel in the physical therapy field, you’ll need to first master the art of manual muscle testing. Written by a well-known PT expert, Muscle and Sensory Testing, 3rd Edition provides you with everything you need to effectively perform manual muscle and sensory tests – all in one well-organized, easy-to-follow resource. Chapters include an overview of muscle strength assessment and detail precise anatomic testing techniques for upper extremities, lower extremities, and head, neck and trunk; functional muscle tests; tests for mental status, cranial nerves and superficial reflexes; and use of observational gait analysis as a screening tool. Photographs of testing procedures, line drawings of various innervations, and video clips showing manual muscle testing procedures augment your understanding of this important skill area.

Key Features

  • UNIQUE! Video clips on the companion Evolve website showcase techniques involving muscle tests, handheld dynamometry, sensory and neurologic testing, clinician and patient positioning, and force application.
  • Chapter 6: Techniques of Pediatric Muscle Testing covers the different techniques for manual infant muscle testing that help determine prognosis and treatment.
  • Consistent chapter layout and organization by joint and muscle system allow you to quickly and easily locate the information you need.
  • Instructions for performing hand-held dynamometry of major trunk and extremity muscles are clear and concise to ease your comprehension.
  • Chapter on functional muscle testing demonstrates positioning, examiner instructions, and expected response for patients of all ages.
  • Detailed neurologic exam instructions with photos help you perform accurate screening and interpret exam results.
  • Coverage of techniques such as gravity-resisted testing and gravity-eliminated testing clearly shows you how to perform alternative methods of manual muscle testing.
  • Hundreds of photos and illustrations demonstrate various techniques and landmarks to give you a clear understanding of positioning, stabilization, and common substitutions.
  • Clinical notes highlight useful information about particular symptoms or conditions that you may encounter in practice.
  • Case vignettes challenge you to apply your knowledge to real-world situations and think creatively about clinical problems.
  • Overview of normal gait cycle serves as a resource for identif

Table of Contents

1: Introduction to Muscle Strength Testing

2: Techniques of Manual Muscle Testing: Upper Extremity

3: Techniques of Manual Muscle Testing: Head, Neck, and Trunk

4: Techniques of Manual Muscle Testing: Lower Extremity

5: Techniques of Functional Muscle Testing

6: Techniques of Pediatric Muscle Testing

7: Hand-held Dynamometry for Muscle Testing

8: Techniques of the Sensory Examination

9: Techniques of the Remainder of the Neurologic Examination: Coordination, Mental Status, Cranial Nerves, and Superficial Reflexes

10: Observational Gait Analysis as a Screening Tool

Appendix A: Average Joint Ranges of Motion

Appendix B: Muscle Innervations by Spinal Cord Level

Appendix C: Muscle Innervations by Peripheral Nerve



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