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Multiphase Polylactide Blends - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128241509, 9780128241516

Multiphase Polylactide Blends

1st Edition

Toward a Sustainable and Green Environment

Author: Mohammadreza Nofar
eBook ISBN: 9780128241516
Paperback ISBN: 9780128241509
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 15th July 2021
Page Count: 404
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Multiphase Polylactide Blends: Toward a Sustainable and Green Environment guides the reader through fundamentals, science, preparation, and key areas of innovation in polylactide (PLA) blends. Bio-based polymers, and notably PLA, have not only gained increasing interest as a more sustainable alternative but also bring challenges in terms of mechanical, rheological, thermal and physical properties, processability, shapability, and foamability. The use of blends looks to address these, with the development of new types of economically viable and environmentally friendly systems. This is a valuable book for academic researchers, scientists, and graduate students across bio-based polymers, polymer science, chemistry, and materials science, as well as engineers, R&D professionals, and all those in industry with interest in PLA-based blends, biopolymers, and sustainable materials and products.

More specifically, the first three chapters of this book overview the fundamentals of thermoplastic polymers, polymer blends, and structure and properties of PLA. These chapters could technically be used as a valuable textbook on the noted topics. The rest of the chapters inclusively study the fundamentals, investigations, and achievements in PLA-based blends with various types of polymers. These include miscible blends of poly L-lactide and poly D-lactide, binary immiscible/miscible blends of PLA with other thermoplastics and elastomers, PLA-based ternary blends and blend nanocomposites, as well as PLA-based blend foams.

Overall, this book provides a thorough and critical overview of the state of the art in PLA-based blends, including significant past and recent advances, with the aim of supporting and shaping further research and industrial application of these materials for the development of a green and sustainable future.

Key Features

  • Overviews the fundamentals of thermoplastic polymers, polymer blends, and the structure and properties of PLA.
  • Provides detailed coverage of the fundamentals and science of PLA blends, including phase miscibility, thermal and mechanical properties, interface and rheological properties, the use of compatibilizers, and phase morphological analysis.
  • Offers a thorough critical overview of the state of the art in processing and development of PLA-based blends, addressing key challenges and future perspectives.
  • Covers the latest advances, including PLA-based ternary blends, blend nanocomposites, and PLA-based blend microcellular foams.


Academia: Researchers, scientists, and advanced students in biopolymers, polymer science, chemistry, and materials science. Industry: Engineers, researchers and R&D managers with an interest in polylactide-based blends, biopolymers, and sustainable materials and products.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Fundamentals of thermoplastic polymers: molecular structure
1.1 Introduction to natural and synthetic polymers
1.2 Thermoplastic polymers and crystal structures
1.3 Thermal and mechanical characteristics of thermoplastics
1.4 Transition temperatures and crystallization
Chapter 2. Introduction to polymer blends
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Thermodynamics and phase miscibility
2.3 Immiscible blends: morphologies and properties
2.4 Compatibilization and interfacial properties
2.5 Mixing theories and processing
2.6 Ternary and hybrid polymer blends
Chapter 3. Polylactide (PLA): molecular structure and properties
3.1 Introduction to biopolymers and PLA
3.2 Synthesis and molecular structure
3.3 Molecular stereochemistry configurations
3.4 Glass transition temperature
3.5 Crystallization and melting behaviors
3.6 Rheological properties
3.7 Mechanical and physical properties
3.8 Degradation behavior

Chapter 4. PLLA/PDLA blends: stereocomplex crystals
4.1 Crystallization behavior
4.2 Mechanical properties
4.3 Rheological properties
4.4 Barrier and degradation properties

Chapter 5. PLA binary bioblends with other biopolymers
5.1 Blends of PLA with biobased and biodegradable polymers
5.2 Blends of PLA with biodegradable polymers
5.3 Blends of PLA with biobased polymers
Chapter 6. PLA binary blends with petroleum-based nondegradable thermoplastics
6.1 PLA-PE
6.2 PLA-PP
6.3 PLA-PS
6.9 PLA-PC
6.10 PLA-PA
6.11 PLA-PEG, PEO, or POE
6.12 PLA-POM
6.13 PLA-PVPh
Chapter 7. PLA binary blends with elastomeric polymers
7.1 PLA-rubber
7.2 PLA-PU

7.3 PLA-EVA and EVM
Chapter 8. Ternary blends of PLA
8.1 Introduction
8.2 PLA-TPS-X ternary blends
8.3 PLA-PBAT-X ternary blends
8.4 PLA-PBS-X ternary blends
8.5 PLA-PMMA-X ternary blends
8.6 PLA-Y-X ternary blends
Chapter 9. PLA blend nanocomposites
9.1 Introduction
.2 Nanoparticles localization: thermodynamics vs kinetics mechanisms
9.3 Morphological stabilization
9.4 Morphological and rheological correlations
9.5 Induced functionalities
9.6 Mechanical properties
9.7 Structure-dependent applications
9.8 Summary
Chapter 10. Foaming of PLA blends
10.1 Introduction
10.1 Miscible PLA-PLA blend foams
10.2 PLA bioblend foams
10.3 PLA blend foams with synthetic/nondegradable polymers
10.4 PLA blend foams with elastomeric polymers
Summary and Perspectives


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2021
15th July 2021
eBook ISBN:
Paperback ISBN:

About the Author

Mohammadreza Nofar

Mohammadreza Nofar, PhD is an Associate Professor in the Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department at Istanbul Technical University, Turkey. His research focuses are polymer processing and rheology, biopolymers and PLA, polymer nanocomposites, polymer blends, microfibrillated composites, and microcellular polymer foams. He co-authored the Elsevier book 'Polylactide Foams: Fundamentals, Manufacturing, and Applications', published in September 2017.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

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