Multiphase Polylactide Blends

Multiphase Polylactide Blends

Toward a Sustainable and Green Environment

1st Edition - July 15, 2021

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  • Author: Mohammadreza Nofar
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128241516
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128241509

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Multiphase Polylactide Blends: Toward a Sustainable and Green Environment guides the reader through fundamentals, science, preparation, and key areas of innovation in polylactide (PLA) blends. Bio-based polymers, and notably PLA, have not only gained increasing interest as a more sustainable alternative but also bring challenges in terms of mechanical, rheological, thermal and physical properties, processability, shapability, and foamability. The use of blends looks to address these, with the development of new types of economically viable and environmentally friendly systems. This is a valuable book for academic researchers, scientists, and graduate students across bio-based polymers, polymer science, chemistry, and materials science, as well as engineers, R&D professionals, and all those in industry with interest in PLA-based blends, biopolymers, and sustainable materials and products. More specifically, the first three chapters of this book overview the fundamentals of thermoplastic polymers, polymer blends, and structure and properties of PLA. These chapters could technically be used as a valuable textbook on the noted topics. The rest of the chapters inclusively study the fundamentals, investigations, and achievements in PLA-based blends with various types of polymers. These include miscible blends of poly L-lactide and poly D-lactide, binary immiscible/miscible blends of PLA with other thermoplastics and elastomers, PLA-based ternary blends and blend nanocomposites, as well as PLA-based blend foams. Overall, this book provides a thorough and critical overview of the state of the art in PLA-based blends, including significant past and recent advances, with the aim of supporting and shaping further research and industrial application of these materials for the development of a green and sustainable future.

Key Features

  • Overviews the fundamentals of thermoplastic polymers, polymer blends, and the structure and properties of PLA.
  • Provides detailed coverage of the fundamentals and science of PLA blends, including phase miscibility, thermal and mechanical properties, interface and rheological properties, the use of compatibilizers, and phase morphological analysis.
  • Offers a thorough critical overview of the state of the art in processing and development of PLA-based blends, addressing key challenges and future perspectives.
  • Covers the latest advances, including PLA-based ternary blends, blend nanocomposites, and PLA-based blend microcellular foams.


Academia: Researchers, scientists, and advanced students in biopolymers, polymer science, chemistry, and materials science. Industry: Engineers, researchers and R&D managers with an interest in polylactide-based blends, biopolymers, and sustainable materials and products.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Fundamentals of thermoplastic polymers: molecular structure
    1.1 Introduction to natural and synthetic polymers
    1.2 Thermoplastic polymers and crystal structures
    1.3 Thermal and mechanical characteristics of thermoplastics
    1.4 Transition temperatures and crystallization
    Chapter 2. Introduction to polymer blends
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Thermodynamics and phase miscibility
    2.3 Immiscible blends: morphologies and properties
    2.4 Compatibilization and interfacial properties
    2.5 Mixing theories and processing
    2.6 Ternary and hybrid polymer blends
    Chapter 3. Polylactide (PLA): molecular structure and properties
    3.1 Introduction to biopolymers and PLA
    3.2 Synthesis and molecular structure
    3.3 Molecular stereochemistry configurations
    3.4 Glass transition temperature
    3.5 Crystallization and melting behaviors
    3.6 Rheological properties
    3.7 Mechanical and physical properties
    3.8 Degradation behavior

    Chapter 4. PLLA/PDLA blends: stereocomplex crystals
    4.1 Crystallization behavior
    4.2 Mechanical properties
    4.3 Rheological properties
    4.4 Barrier and degradation properties

    Chapter 5. PLA binary bioblends with other biopolymers
    5.1 Blends of PLA with biobased and biodegradable polymers
    5.2 Blends of PLA with biodegradable polymers
    5.3 Blends of PLA with biobased polymers
    Chapter 6. PLA binary blends with petroleum-based nondegradable thermoplastics
    6.1 PLA-PE
    6.2 PLA-PP
    6.3 PLA-PS
    6.4 PLA-ABS
    6.5 PLA-PMMA
    6.6 PLA-PET
    6.7 PLA-PBT
    6.8 PLA-PTT
    6.9 PLA-PC
    6.10 PLA-PA
    6.11 PLA-PEG, PEO, or POE
    6.12 PLA-POM
    6.13 PLA-PVPh
    Chapter 7. PLA binary blends with elastomeric polymers
    7.1 PLA-rubber
    7.2 PLA-PU

    7.3 PLA-EVA and EVM
    Chapter 8. Ternary blends of PLA
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 PLA-TPS-X ternary blends
    8.3 PLA-PBAT-X ternary blends
    8.4 PLA-PBS-X ternary blends
    8.5 PLA-PMMA-X ternary blends
    8.6 PLA-Y-X ternary blends
    Chapter 9. PLA blend nanocomposites
    9.1 Introduction
    .2 Nanoparticles localization: thermodynamics vs kinetics mechanisms
    9.3 Morphological stabilization
    9.4 Morphological and rheological correlations
    9.5 Induced functionalities
    9.6 Mechanical properties
    9.7 Structure-dependent applications
    9.8 Summary
    Chapter 10. Foaming of PLA blends
    10.1 Introduction
    10.1 Miscible PLA-PLA blend foams
    10.2 PLA bioblend foams
    10.3 PLA blend foams with synthetic/nondegradable polymers
    10.4 PLA blend foams with elastomeric polymers
    Summary and Perspectives

Product details

  • No. of pages: 404
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: July 15, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128241516
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128241509

About the Author

Mohammadreza Nofar

Mohammadreza Nofar, PhD is an Associate Professor in the Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department at Istanbul Technical University, Turkey. His research focuses are polymer processing and rheology, biopolymers and PLA, polymer nanocomposites, polymer blends, microfibrillated composites, and microcellular polymer foams. He co-authored the Elsevier book 'Polylactide Foams: Fundamentals, Manufacturing, and Applications', published in September 2017.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

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