Multi-criteria Decision Analysis for Supporting the Selection of Engineering Materials in Product Design

Multi-criteria Decision Analysis for Supporting the Selection of Engineering Materials in Product Design

2nd Edition - February 12, 2016

Write a review

  • Authors: Ali Jahan, Kevin Edwards, Marjan Bahraminasab
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081005415
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081005361

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (Mobi, PDF, EPub)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


Multi-criteria Decision Analysis for Supporting the Selection of Engineering Materials in Product Design, Second Edition, provides readers with tactics they can use to optimally select materials to satisfy complex design problems when they are faced with the vast range of materials available. Current approaches to materials selection range from the use of intuition and experience, to more formalized computer-based methods, such as electronic databases with search engines to facilitate the materials selection process. Recently, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods have been applied to materials selection, demonstrating significant capability for tackling complex design problems. This book describes the rapidly growing field of MCDM and its application to materials selection. It aids readers in producing successful designs by improving the decision-making process. This new edition updates and expands previous key topics, including new chapters on materials selection in the context of design problem-solving and multiple objective decision-making, also presenting a significant amount of additional case studies that will aid in the learning process.

Key Features

  • Describes the advantages of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) in the materials selection process through different case studies
  • Presents a methodology for multi-objective material design optimization that employs Design of Experiments coupled with Finite Element Analysis
  • Supplements existing quantitative methods of materials selection by allowing simultaneous consideration of design attributes, component configurations, and types of material
  • Provides a case study for simultaneous materials selection and geometrical optimization processes


Researchers in materials engineering disciplines and in operational research in the area of multi criteria decision analysis; also serves as a reference text for engineering practitioners (from aerospace to biomedicine) to help select the best material(s) for advanced design applications

Table of Contents

    • Preface to the 2nd edition
    • From the Preface to the 1st edition
    • About the authors
    • 1. The importance of decision support in materials selection
      • Abstract
      • 1.1 Introduction to materials selection
      • 1.2 Background and justification for formalized materials selection
      • 1.3 Decision-making and concession in product design
      • 1.4 The position of materials selection in the engineering design process—from concept to detail stages
      • 1.5 Understanding the functional requirements and design criteria in selecting materials
      • 1.6 Combining functional and human-centered attributes in materials selection
      • 1.7 Cost considerations of materials selection/substitution
      • 1.8 The relationship between materials selection and processing
      • 1.9 The significance of design adaptation and materials substitution
      • 1.10 Use of new hybrid materials as opposed to currently available materials
      • 1.11 Materials selection and sustainable products
      • 1.12 Qualitative versus quantitative approaches to materials selection
      • 1.13 The role of computer-based materials selection and materials databases
      • 1.14 Summary and conclusions
      • Review questions
      • References
    • 2. Materials selection in the context of design problem-solving
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Creative thinking and inventive problem-solving (TRIZ)
      • 2.2 Comparison between creative and systematic design methods
      • 2.3 Identifying the needs and specifying the property requirements for materials
      • 2.4 Determining the characteristics of materials using QFD
      • 2.5 Utilization of a “Lean” design principles approach to materials selection process
      • 2.6 Summary and conclusions
      • Review questions
      • References
    • 3. Screening of materials
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Justification for an initial screening process
      • 3.2 Introduction to the use of material attributes
      • 3.3 Material performance indices and critical material aspects used by product designers
      • 3.4 Brief review of current formalized screening methods
      • 3.5 Materials’ property charts (the “Ashby” approach)
      • 3.6 Materials identification and use of computer-based tools
      • 3.7 Summary and conclusions
      • Review questions
      • References
    • 4. Multi-criteria decision-making for materials selection
      • Abstract
      • 4.1 Introduction to multi-criterion decision-making
      • 4.2 MCDM as a subdiscipline of operations research
      • 4.3 Graphical-based ranking methods used in materials selection
      • 4.4 Justification for applying MCDM in materials selection
      • 4.5 Application of MODM and MADM in material design and selection
      • 4.6 Utilizing outputs from finite element analysis as inputs to MADM in materials selection
      • 4.7 Summary and conclusions
      • Review questions
      • References
    • 5. Multi-attribute decision-making for ranking of candidate materials
      • Abstract
      • 5.1 Rationalization for using multi-attribute decision-making
      • 5.2 Introduction to the ranking of materials
      • 5.3 Structure of data in materials selection
      • 5.4 Normalization of criteria in MADM
      • 5.5 Weighting procedure of criteria
      • 5.6 Some recent MADM methods being used in materials selection
      • 5.7 Aggregation method for complex materials ranking problems
      • 5.8 Use of ranges of values for properties of materials as opposed to discrete values
      • 5.9 Computer implementation – application of spreadsheet and mathematical analysis techniques to facilitate the analysis of ranking problems
      • 5.10 Summary and conclusions
      • Review questions
      • References
    • 6. Multiple objective decision-making for material and geometry design
      • Abstract
      • 6.1 Material design/tailoring verses materials selection
      • 6.2 Justification for applying experimental design in materials design
      • 6.3 RSM in multi-objective mathematical modeling of material design
      • 6.4 Simultaneous materials selection and design optimization
      • 6.5 Summary and conclusions
      • Review questions
      • References
    • 7. Case studies of materials selection and design
      • Abstract
      • 7.1 Rationale for the case studies
      • 7.2 Materials selection and design for biomedical implants
      • 7.3 Material selection for hip prosthesis
      • 7.4 Materials selection for knee prosthesis
      • 7.5 FGM design for knee prosthesis
      • 7.6 Materials selection and design optimization—location pegs for knee prosthesis
      • 7.7 Materials and design selection of knee prosthesis—integration of QFD and MADM
      • 7.8 Materials selection for aircraft structure repair
      • 7.9 Materials selection strategy for multiple components in an engineering product
      • 7.10 Material and design selection of thin-walled cylindrical tubes in the presence of data uncertainty
      • 7.11 Group decision-making in materials selection
      • 7.12 Materials selection for hard surface coatings
      • 7.13 Summary and conclusions
      • Review questions
      • References
    • 8. Future developments
      • Abstract
      • 8.1 Overview of the current situation
      • 8.2 The development of decision-making methods for actual design scenarios
      • 8.3 The application of MCDM methods to complex materials selection and design problems
      • 8.4 Final remarks on trends and challenges for the future
      • References
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 252
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2016
  • Published: February 12, 2016
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081005415
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081005361

About the Authors

Ali Jahan

Ali Jahan
Dr Jahan is active in the development of multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques for the engineering design process, especially for materials selection. His main research interests are in the application of MCDM and quality tools for improving materials, design and processing. Dr Jahan has been involved in different projects in industry related to quality engineering and designing systems based on the requirements of quality management standards and associated decision support systems. He has various publications describing the development of MCDM in design and materials engineering. Dr. Jahan regularly reviews papers in different international journals, and managed a special issue as guest editor, and is the recipient of awards related to his research and academic activities. He is Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Semnan Brach, Islamic Azad University, Iran.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Industrial Engineering, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran

Kevin Edwards

Kevin Edwards
Professor Edwards leads research and knowledge transfer in technology innovation. He also advises government and organisations on educational and professional standards development. Professor Edwards has had a diverse career with senior appointments in higher education, aerospace and automotive manufacturing industry, and engineering consultancy. His broad experience of academic management, curriculum development and quality assurance underpins his teaching, research and professional practice in advanced materials engineering, product design and innovation management, with particular expertise in design decision support, materials selection and new product development. Professor Edwards has worked on numerous large-scale collaborative multidisciplinary research programmes, resulting in the development of novel materials technologies and computer-based design tools. He publishes regularly, has participated in international conference scientific committees, chaired seminars and workshops, and is a member of the editorial boards of several journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Kevin Edwards - Institution of Engineering Designers, Courtleigh, Westbury Leigh, Westbury, Wiltshire BA13 3TA, UK

Marjan Bahraminasab

Dr Bahraminasab is Head of Department of Materials and Mechanical Engineering at Buein Zahra Technical University, Qazvin, Iran. She received a PhD in bio-materials engineering from University Putra Malaysia, and is active in the application of multi-criteria decision-making in materials engineering and design. Dr Bahraminasab’s research on the design of a new bio-material for knee prostheses was featured in Asia Research News. Her areas of interest include bio-materials and bio-mechanics, materials design and selection, and finite element analysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Materials Engineering, Buein Zahra Technical University, Qazvin, Iran

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Multi-criteria Decision Analysis for Supporting the Selection of Engineering Materials in Product Design"