Morphological Considerations

Morphological Considerations

1st Edition - November 20, 1986

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  • Editor: Peter K.T. Pang
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147590

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Vertebrate Endocrinology: Fundamentals and Biomedical Implications, Volume 1: Morphological Considerations provides information pertinent to vertebrate endocrine systems, which has significant contributions to basic biological and biomedical research. This book discusses the practical implications of the endocrinological studies. Organized into 15 chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the endocrine process in lower vertebrates, which has provided basic information about the understanding of mammalian and human systems. This text then discusses the pituitary gland, which is considered to be functionally and structurally the most complex organ of the endocrine system. Other chapters consider the function of the pineal organ as a sensory organ capable of perceiving light stimuli in poikilothermic vertebrates. This book discusses as well the caudal neurosecretory system in lampreys, hagfish, holocephalans, and dipnoans. The final chapter provides the comparative morphology of the classical vertebrate endocrine organs. Endocrinologists, biologists, graduate students, and researchers will find this book useful.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 Introduction to Vertebrate Endocrinology



    2 Pituitary Gland

    I. Introduction—General Comments

    II. Development (Embryology)

    III. Structural Association of Adenohypophysis and Neurohypophysis

    IV. Microscopic Anatomy/Cytology

    V. Comparative Morphology

    VI. Comparative Contributions and Biomedical Implications


    3 Vertebrate Neurohormonal Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Neurohormones of the Posterior Pituitary

    III. Neurohormones and the Anterior Pituitary

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    4 The Pineal Organ

    I. Introduction

    II. Development and Gross Anatomy

    III. Histology, Histochemistry, and Ultrastructure

    IV. Conclusions and Biomedical Implications


    5 The Caudal Neurosecretory System in Fishes

    I. Introduction

    II. Anatomy and Histology

    III. Development and Regeneration of the Caudal Neurosecretory System

    IV. Electron Microscopy

    V. Immunocytochemistry

    VI. Nervous Control of the Caudal Neurosecretory System

    VII. Summary

    VIII. Comparative Contributions and Biomedical Implications


    6 The Thyroid Gland

    I. Historical Events

    II. Development of the Mammalian Thyroid

    III. Microanatomy

    IV. Epithelial Organelles

    V. Morphological Variation

    VI. Comparative Morphology

    VII. Overview and Biomedical Implications


    7 The Parathyroid Glands

    I. Introduction

    II. Class Mammalia

    III. Class Aves

    IV. Class Reptilia

    V. Class Amphibia

    VI. Biomedical Implications and Conclusions


    8 The Ultimobranchial Body

    I. Introduction

    II. Ontogeny and Phylogeny

    III. Immunohistochemical and Histochemical Characteristics

    IV. Innervation

    V. Cellular Mechanisms of Secretion

    VI. Patterns of Secretion

    VII. Conclusions and Biomedical Implications


    9 Gastrointestinal Tract

    I. Introduction

    II. Gut Endocrine Cell Types

    III. Comparative Studies

    IV. Summary and Conclusions


    10 Pancreatic Islets

    I. The Evolving Islet Organ: A New Gland Uses Ancient Hormones

    II. Early Phylogenetic Relationships between Islet Organ, Exocrine Pancreas, and Liver

    III. The Association of Islet Organ and Exocrine Pancreas: Raison d'Etre?

    IV. Comparative Islet Anatomy

    V. Concluding Remarks


    11 The Adrenal and Interrenal Glands

    I. Terminology

    II. The Adrenal Gland

    III. General Observations on Morphology

    IV. Biomedical Implications


    12 The Ovary

    I. Introduction

    II. Comparative Survey of Ovarian Morphology

    III. Summary and Comment


    13 Testis

    I. Introduction

    II. General Structure

    III. Spermatogenesis

    IV. Sertoli Cells

    V. Interstitial Cells (Leydig Cells)

    VI. Concluding Remarks


    14 Stannius Corpuscles

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Embryology of the CS

    III. Gross Anatomy, Vascularization, and Innervation

    IV. Structure and Cytophysiology of the Gland Cells

    V. Relationship between CS and Other Endocrine Tissues

    VI. Conclusions and Biomedical Implications


    15 Evolutionary Morphology of Endocrine Glands

    I. The Scope of This Volume

    II. Evolution of Endocrine Organs

    III. Endocrine Organs of Limited Phyletic Occurrence

    IV. Evolution of the Adrenal Cortex

    V. Evolution of the Hypothalamo-Hypophysial System

    VI. Conclusions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: November 20, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147590

About the Editor

Peter K.T. Pang

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