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Morphological Considerations - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125449014, 9780323147590

Morphological Considerations

1st Edition

Editor: Peter K.T. Pang
eBook ISBN: 9780323147590
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 20th November 1986
Page Count: 512
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Vertebrate Endocrinology: Fundamentals and Biomedical Implications, Volume 1: Morphological Considerations provides information pertinent to vertebrate endocrine systems, which has significant contributions to basic biological and biomedical research. This book discusses the practical implications of the endocrinological studies. Organized into 15 chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the endocrine process in lower vertebrates, which has provided basic information about the understanding of mammalian and human systems. This text then discusses the pituitary gland, which is considered to be functionally and structurally the most complex organ of the endocrine system. Other chapters consider the function of the pineal organ as a sensory organ capable of perceiving light stimuli in poikilothermic vertebrates. This book discusses as well the caudal neurosecretory system in lampreys, hagfish, holocephalans, and dipnoans. The final chapter provides the comparative morphology of the classical vertebrate endocrine organs. Endocrinologists, biologists, graduate students, and researchers will find this book useful.

Table of Contents


1 Introduction to Vertebrate Endocrinology



2 Pituitary Gland

I. Introduction—General Comments

II. Development (Embryology)

III. Structural Association of Adenohypophysis and Neurohypophysis

IV. Microscopic Anatomy/Cytology

V. Comparative Morphology

VI. Comparative Contributions and Biomedical Implications


3 Vertebrate Neurohormonal Systems

I. Introduction

II. Neurohormones of the Posterior Pituitary

III. Neurohormones and the Anterior Pituitary

IV. Concluding Remarks


4 The Pineal Organ

I. Introduction

II. Development and Gross Anatomy

III. Histology, Histochemistry, and Ultrastructure

IV. Conclusions and Biomedical Implications


5 The Caudal Neurosecretory System in Fishes

I. Introduction

II. Anatomy and Histology

III. Development and Regeneration of the Caudal Neurosecretory System

IV. Electron Microscopy

V. Immunocytochemistry

VI. Nervous Control of the Caudal Neurosecretory System

VII. Summary

VIII. Comparative Contributions and Biomedical Implications


6 The Thyroid Gland

I. Historical Events

II. Development of the Mammalian Thyroid

III. Microanatomy

IV. Epithelial Organelles

V. Morphological Variation

VI. Comparative Morphology

VII. Overview and Biomedical Implications


7 The Parathyroid Glands

I. Introduction

II. Class Mammalia

III. Class Aves

IV. Class Reptilia

V. Class Amphibia

VI. Biomedical Implications and Conclusions


8 The Ultimobranchial Body

I. Introduction

II. Ontogeny and Phylogeny

III. Immunohistochemical and Histochemical Characteristics

IV. Innervation

V. Cellular Mechanisms of Secretion

VI. Patterns of Secretion

VII. Conclusions and Biomedical Implications


9 Gastrointestinal Tract

I. Introduction

II. Gut Endocrine Cell Types

III. Comparative Studies

IV. Summary and Conclusions


10 Pancreatic Islets

I. The Evolving Islet Organ: A New Gland Uses Ancient Hormones

II. Early Phylogenetic Relationships between Islet Organ, Exocrine Pancreas, and Liver

III. The Association of Islet Organ and Exocrine Pancreas: Raison d'Etre?

IV. Comparative Islet Anatomy

V. Concluding Remarks


11 The Adrenal and Interrenal Glands

I. Terminology

II. The Adrenal Gland

III. General Observations on Morphology

IV. Biomedical Implications


12 The Ovary

I. Introduction

II. Comparative Survey of Ovarian Morphology

III. Summary and Comment


13 Testis

I. Introduction

II. General Structure

III. Spermatogenesis

IV. Sertoli Cells

V. Interstitial Cells (Leydig Cells)

VI. Concluding Remarks


14 Stannius Corpuscles

I. Introduction

II. Distribution and Embryology of the CS

III. Gross Anatomy, Vascularization, and Innervation

IV. Structure and Cytophysiology of the Gland Cells

V. Relationship between CS and Other Endocrine Tissues

VI. Conclusions and Biomedical Implications


15 Evolutionary Morphology of Endocrine Glands

I. The Scope of This Volume

II. Evolution of Endocrine Organs

III. Endocrine Organs of Limited Phyletic Occurrence

IV. Evolution of the Adrenal Cortex

V. Evolution of the Hypothalamo-Hypophysial System

VI. Conclusions




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© Academic Press 1986
20th November 1986
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Peter K.T. Pang

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