Monitoring Water Quality

Monitoring Water Quality

Pollution Assessment, Analysis, and Remediation

1st Edition - January 2, 2013

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  • Editor: Satinder Ahuja
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444594044
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444593955

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Description

Monitoring Water Quality is a practical assessment of one of the most pressing growth and sustainability issues in the developed and developing worlds: water quality. Over the last 10 years, improved laboratory techniques have led to the discovery of microbial and viral contaminants, pharmaceuticals, and endocrine disruptors in our fresh water supplies that were not monitored previously. This book offers in-depth coverage of water quality issues (natural and human-related), monitoring of contaminants,  and remediation of water contamination. In particular, readers will learn about arsenic removal techniques, real-time monitoring, and risk assessment. Monitoring Water Quality is a vital text for students and professionals in environmental science, civil engineering, chemistry — anyone concerned with issues of water analysis and sustainability assessment.

Key Features

  • Covers in depth the scope of sustainable water problems on a worldwide scale
  • Provides a rich source of sophisticated methods for analyzing water to assure its safety
  • Describes the monitoring of contaminants, including pharmaceutical and endocrine disruptors
  • Helps to quickly identify the sources and fates of contaminants and sources of pollutants and their loading

Readership

All who deal with water analysis and water sustainability assessment, i.e. chemists, chemical engineers, environmental scientists/engineers, civil engineers working in the water management and resources and hydrologists. Academics and students (graduates will use this as a reference book). It could also be used in advanced water quality courses as more and more universities introduce courses on water related topics.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1. Monitoring Water Quality, Pollution Assessment, and Remediation to Assure Sustainability

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Water-Quality Status and Trends in the United States

    1.3 Rivers in Africa Are in Jeopardy

    1.4 Septic Systems in the Coastal Environment: Multiple Water-Quality Problems in Multiple Areas

    1.5 Assessment of Risk from Endocrine-Disrupting Compounds

    1.6 Water-Quality Monitoring and Environmental Risk Assessment

    1.7 Analytical Measurements to Improve Nonpoint Pollution Assessments in Indiana’s Lake Michigan Watershed

    1.8 Real-Time and Near Real-Time Monitoring Options for Water Quality

    1.9 Advanced Oxidation and Reduction Process Radical Generation in the Laboratory and at Large Scale

    1.10 Cactus Mucilage as an Emergency Response Biomaterial for Providing Clean Drinking Water

    1.11 Potable Water Filter Development

    1.12 Removal and Immobilization of Arsenic in Water and Soil Using Nanoparticles

    1.13 Transforming an Arsenic Crisis into an Economic Enterprise

    1.14 Monitoring from Source to Tap: The New Paradigm for Ensuring Water Security and Quality

    1.15 Evaluation of Sustainability Strategies

    1.16 Conclusions

    Appendix

    References

    2. Water Quality Status and Trends in the United States

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Monitoring and Assessments of Complex Water Quality Problems

    2.3 USGS Strategies to Assess Status and Trends

    2.4 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    3. Rivers in Africa Are in Jeopardy

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 The Pollution of River Systems

    3.3 Climate Variability and Change

    3.4 Agricultural and Industrial Chemical Pollution

    3.5 Sediments and Other Physicochemical Parameters

    3.6 Atmospheric Deposition

    3.7 POPs and PCBs Found

    3.8 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)

    3.9 The Cost of River Restoration

    3.10 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    4. Septic Systems in the Coastal Environment: Multiple Water Quality Problems in Many Areas

    4.1 Septic Systems and Their Prevalence in the United States

    4.2 Septic System Pollutants and Treatment Processes

    4.3 Septic Systems and Fecal Microbial Pollution

    4.4 Examples of Coastal Microbial Pollution from Septic Systems

    4.5 Septic Systems and Nutrient Pollution

    4.6 Examples of Coastal Nutrient Pollution from Septic Systems

    4.7 North Carolina’s Outer Banks—Idyllic, but Not for Septic Systems

    4.8 Minimizing Pollution from Septic Systems

    4.9 Summary and Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    5. Thinking Outside the Box: Assessing Endocrine Disruption in Aquatic Life

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 EDC Sources

    5.3 Cellular Mechanisms of Endocrine Disruption

    5.4 Impacts on Fish

    5.5 Considerations for Risk Assessment

    5.6 Alternative EDC Mechanisms

    5.7 Additional Considerations

    5.8 Ecotoxicology in Risk Assessment

    5.9 Conclusions

    References

    6. Water Quality Monitoring and Environmental Risk Assessment in a Developing Coastal Region, Southeastern North Carolina

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Methods

    6.3 Results

    6.4 Discussion: Environmental Risk Analysis

    6.5 Summary and Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    7. Analytical Measurements to Improve Nonpoint Pollution Assessments in Indiana’s Lake Michigan Watershed

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Background

    7.3 Research Plan

    7.4 Results and Discussion

    7.5 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    8. Real-Time and Near Real-Time Monitoring Options for Water Quality

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Monitoring General Water Quality Parameters

    8.3 Monitoring Microbiological Contaminants

    8.4 Monitoring Chemical Contaminants

    8.5 Monitoring Overall Toxicity

    8.6 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    9. Advanced Oxidation and Reduction Process Radical Generation in the Laboratory and on a Large Scale: An Overview

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Experimental

    9.3 Results and Discussion

    9.4 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    10. Cactus Mucilage as an Emergency Response Biomaterial to Provide Clean Drinking Water

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Materials and Methods

    10.3 Results and Discussion

    10.4 Summary and Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    11. Potable Water: Nature and Purification

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Water Pollution: Nature and Quality

    11.3 Chemical Models in Aquatic Chemistry

    11.4 Development of Mitigation Technologies

    11.5 The Role of Analytical Chemistry

    11.6 Conclusions and Future Outlook

    References

    12. Removal and Immobilization of Arsenic in Water and Soil Using Polysaccharide-Modified Magnetite Nanoparticles

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Preparation and Characterization of Polysaccharide Stabilized Magnetite and Fe–Mn Nanoparticles

    12.3 Potential Application for in situ Immobilization of As(V) in Soil and Groundwater

    12.4 Conclusions

    References

    13. Transforming the Arsenic Crisis into an Economic Enterprise: Example from Indian Villages

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Arsenic Remediation—Choice of Scale of Operation

    13.3 Design of the Treatment Unit

    13.4 Performance of the Treatment Units

    13.5 Regeneration of Exhausted Media

    13.6 Regenerable Versus Throwaway Adsorbent

    13.7 The Ultimate Fate of Arsenic: Ecological Sustainability

    13.8 Community Participation

    13.9 Toward Economic Prosperity

    13.10 Conclusions

    References

    14. Monitoring from Source to Tap: The New Paradigm for Ensuring Water Security and Quality

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Where Do the System Vulnerabilities Lie?

    14.3 Bulk Parameter Monitoring

    14.4 An Early-Warning System

    14.5 Field Testing of the Developed System

    14.6 Monitoring Source Water

    14.7 Bringing It All Together

    14.8 Remote Operation and Adjustment

    14.9 Identification of Contaminant Sources and Prediction

    14.10 Conclusions

    References

    15. Evaluation of Sustainability Strategies

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Summary of Methods for Evaluation of Sustainability Strategies

    15.3 Towards a Sustainable Future

    15.4 Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: January 2, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444594044
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444593955

About the Editor

Satinder Ahuja

Satinder Ahuja
Satinder Ahuja is a leading expert on water quality improvement. He earned his PhD in analytical chemistry from the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia. He worked for Novartis Corp. in various leadership positions for over 25 years and taught as an adjunct professor at Pace University for over 10 years. As president of Ahuja Consulting, he advises on water quality issues relating to chemicals and pharmaceuticals. A member of the executive committee of the Rivers of the World Foundation (ROW), Dr. Ahuja has organized numerous global symposia on improving water quality, including presentations for the American Chemical Society and UNESCO. Dr. Ahuja has published numerous papers and more than 25 books. His latest books are Contaminants in Our Water (ACS, 2020); Evaluating Water Quality to Prevent Future Disasters (Elsevier, 2019); Advances in Water Purification Techniques (Elsevier, 2019); and Chemistry and Water (Elsevier, 2017).

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Ahuja Consulting for Water Quality, Calabash, NC, USA

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