Monitoring Underground Nuclear Explosions - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444416049, 9781483165165

Monitoring Underground Nuclear Explosions

1st Edition

Authors: Ola Dahlman Hans Israelson
eBook ISBN: 9781483165165
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 450
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Description

Monitoring Underground Nuclear Explosions focuses on the checking of underground nuclear explosions, including the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTB), seismological stations, earthquake-source models, and seismicity.

The publication first elaborates on test-ban negotiations, nuclear explosions, seismological background, and explosions and earthquakes as seismic sources. Concerns cover comparison between explosion-source and earthquake-source models, theoretical calculation of seismic waves, earth structure, seismicity, nuclear test activities, bomb designs, and disarmament treaties. The manuscript then tackles seismological stations, detection, event definition and location, depth estimation, and identification. Topics include multistation discriminants, statistical aspects, long-period and short-period signals, near distances, location by a network of stations, international data exchange, station detection capabilities, and station networks. The book examines the monitoring of a comprehensive test-ban treaty, nonseismological identification, evasion, peaceful nuclear explosions, and yield estimation.

The text is a dependable reference for researchers interested in the monitoring of underground nuclear explosions.

Table of Contents


1. Introduction

2. Test Ban Negotiations

2.1 Review of Test-Ban Negotiations

2.2 Disarmament Treaties

2.3 Present Positions on the Test-Ban Issue

3. Nuclear Explosions

3.1 A and H Bombs

3.2 Bomb Designs

3.3 Nuclear Explosion Phenomena

3.4 Nuclear Test Activities

3.5 Technical, Military, and Political Significance of Nuclear-Weapon Tests

4. Seismological Background

4.1 Earth Structure

4.2 Seismic Waves

4.3 Seismicity

5. Explosions and Earthquakes as Seismic Sources

5.1 Explosion-Source Models

5.2 Earthquake-Source Models

5.3 Comparison Between Explosion-Source and Earthquake-Source Models

5.4 Theoretical Calculation of Seismic Waves

6. Seismological Stations

6.1 Instrumentation

6.2 Station Networks

7. Detection

7.1 Seismic Noise

7.2 Detection Processes

7.3 Station Detection Capabilities

7.4 Network Capabilities

8. Event Definition and Location

8.1 Location by an Array Station

8.2 Location by a Network of Stations

8.3 Event Location at Short Distances

8.4 International Data Exchange

9. Depth Estimation

9.1 Surface-Reflected Phases

9.2 P-Arrival Times

9.3 Near Distances

9.4 Long-Period Signals

9.5 Short-Period Signals

9.6 Comparison and Combinations

10. Identification

10.1 Statistical Aspects

10.2 The mb(Ms) Discriminant

10.3 Short-Period Discriminants

10.4 Other Discriminants

10.5 Multistation Discriminants

10.6 Operative Aspects of Discrimination

11. Yield Estimation

11.1 Theoretical Amplitude—Yield Relations

11.2 Observed mb—Yield Relations

11.3 Observed Ms—Yield Relations

11.4 Yield Estimates of Underground Nuclear Explosions 1963—1976

12. Peaceful Nuclear Explosions

12.1 Possible Applications of PNE

12.2 Nuclear Explosions Conducted for Peaceful Purposes

12.3 Future Prospects for PNE

13. Evasion

13.1 Decoupling

13.2 Multiple Explosions

13.3 Hide-in-Earthquake Method

13.4 The Feasibility of Evasion

14. Nonseismological Identification

14.1 On-Site Inspection

14.2 Reconnaissance Satellites

14.3 Intelligence Methods

15. Monitoring a Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty

15.1 Political Requirements of the Verification of a CTB

15.2 A Monitoring System

15.3 General Conclusions

Appendix 1. Treaties Related to Nuclear Explosions

Appendix 2. Announced and Presumed Nuclear Explosions in 1963—1976

References

Abbreviations and Symbols

Index

Details

No. of pages:
450
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9781483165165

About the Author

Ola Dahlman

Hans Israelson