Mollusca

Mollusca

Metabolic Biochemistry and Molecular Biomechanics

1st Edition - July 28, 1983

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  • Editor: Peter W. Hochachka
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483276038

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Description

The Mollusca, Volume 1: Metabolic Biochemistry and Molecular Biomechanics provides information pertinent to the advances in the traditional areas of biochemistry and in other developed areas that have become a part of molluskan biochemistry. This book discusses the developments in the various aspects of molecular biomechanics and environmental biochemistry. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the phylum Mollusca. This text then provides information about the general features of the main classes and their evolution, the anatomical organization of mollusks, and a classification of the primary taxonomic groups of mollusks. Other chapters consider the functional mechanical properties of two protein rubbers found in molluskan connective tissues. This book discusses as well the mechanical properties of molluskan mucins. The final chapter deals with the significance of quinone tanning in mollusks. This book is a valuable resource for researchers of the Mollusca and other phyla, as well as to teachers and qualified graduate students. Biochemists and physiologists will also find this book useful.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    1. Structural Organization, Adaptive Radiation, and Classification of Molluscs

    I. Introduction

    II. The Ancestral Mollusc

    III. General Features of the Major Classes

    IV. The Minor Classes

    V. Molluscan Organization

    VI. Evolution and Adaptive Radiation Among the Major Classes

    VII. Molluscan Phylogeny

    VIII. Classification

    References

    2. Metabolic and Enzyme Regulation during Rest-to-Work Transition: A Mammal versus Mollusc Comparison

    I. Introduction

    II. Fundamental Strategies

    III. Muscle Work and Contribution to Metabolism

    IV. Phosphagen-Based High-Intensity Muscle Exercise

    V. Elevated Glycogen Stores and Elevated Enzyme Levels in Anaerobic Muscles

    VI. Fermentation and Acidification

    VII. Elevated Oxidative Capacity in Red and Intermediate Muscles

    VIII. Sites of Specialization for Anaerobic Work

    IX. Sites of Specialization for Aerobic Work

    References

    3. Carbohydrate Metabolism in Cephalopod Molluscs

    I. An Overview of the Design of Cephalopod Mantle Muscle

    II. Metabolic Fuel Sources

    III. Carbohydrate Catabolism and Aerobic Muscle Work

    IV. Carbohydrate Catabolism and Anaerobic Muscle Work

    References

    4. Carbohydrate Catabolism in Bivalves

    I. Introduction

    II. Pathways of Carbohydrate Catabolism

    III. Integration of Anaerobic Carbohydrate Metabolism

    IV. Estimation of Metabolic Rates by Direct Calorimetry and Biochemical Analysis

    V. Recovery from Periods of Extremes of Metabolic Rates

    VI. Regulation of the Carbon Flux and the Direction of the Flow

    References

    5. Carbohydrate Metabolism of Gastropods

    I. Introduction

    II. Carbohydrates

    III. Uptake, Storage, and Utilization

    IV. Metabolism

    References

    6. Amino Acid Metabolism in Molluscs

    I. Introduction

    II. Ammonia Formation and Fixation

    III. Transaminations

    IV. Biosynthesis and Catabolism

    V. Amino Acid Transport

    VI. Free Amino Acid Levels in Tissues and Hemolymph

    VII. Nitrogen Loss and Excretion

    References

    7. Lipids: Their Distribution and Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution of Lipids

    III. Metabolism of Lipids

    References

    8. Molluscan Collagen and its Mechanical Organization in Squid Mantle

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemistry and Structure of Collagen

    III. Mechanical Properties of Squid Mantle Collagen

    IV. Mechanical Organization of the Collagen in Squid Mantle

    References

    9. Molecular Biomechanics of Protein Rubbers in Molluscs

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Morphology

    III. Chemical Structure

    IV. Mechanochemistry

    V. Functional Mechanical Properties

    VI. Summary

    References

    10. Molecular Biomechanics of Molluscan Mucous Secretions

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemical Composition

    III. Macromolecular Structure and Physical Properties—Theory

    IV. Mechanical Properties of Molluscan Mucins

    V. A Model for Mucus Structure

    VI. Summary

    References

    11. Quinone-Tanned Scleroproteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Byssus

    III. Periostracum

    IV. The Meaning of Quinone Tanning

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: July 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483276038

About the Editor

Peter W. Hochachka

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