Molecular Biology of Plant Nuclear Genes

Molecular Biology of Plant Nuclear Genes

1st Edition - July 28, 1989

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  • Editor: Indra Vasil
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147323

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Description

Cell Culture and Somatic Cell Genetics of Plants, Volume 6: Molecular Biology of Plant Nuclear Genes focuses on the spectacular and rapid advances in the molecular biology and genetics of plants. This book consists of 19 chapters. Chapters 1 to 5 describe the most commonly used approaches for the genetic transformation of plants. The light-inducible and tissue-organ-specific genes are discussed in Chapters 6 to 11. In Chapters 12 to 14, the genes regulating phytohormone synthesis, heat shock proteins, and nodulation in legume roots are treated, while in Chapters 15 to 16, the relationship between chromatin structure and gene expression and molecular biology of plant RNA viruses are analyzed. The development of transgenic plants resistant to viruses, insects, and herbicides is dealt with in the last three chapters. This volume is suitable for plant molecular biologist, genetic engineers, and researchers concerned with plant cell and tissue culture.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    1 Plant Gene Vectors and Genetic Transformation: Plant Transformation Systems Based on the Use of Agrobacterium tumefaciens

    I. Transformation of Plants by Agrobacterium tumefaciens

    II. Agrobacterium Hosts

    III. Basic Transformation Vectors

    IV. Selectable Markers

    V. Miscellaneous Features

    VI. Specialized Vectors

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    2 Plant Gene Vectors and Genetic Transformation: Agrobacterium Ri Plasmids

    I. Introduction

    II. Relevant Features of Hairy Root with Respect to Plant Transformation

    III. Ri Plasmid-Based DNA Transfer Strategies

    IV. Selection of Transformants

    V. Conclusion

    References

    3 Plant Gene Vectors and Genetic Transformation: DNA-Mediated Direct Gene Transfer to Plants

    I. General Introduction

    II. Direct Gene Transfer System

    III. Foreign DNA in Transgenic Plants

    IV. Evaluation of Direct Gene Transfer

    V. Experimental Applications of Direct Gene Transfer

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    4 Plant Gene Vectors and Genetic Transformation: Plant Viruses as Vectors

    I. Introduction

    II. CaMV and Its Development into a Plant Vector

    III. CaMV as a Tool in Plant Genetic Engineering

    IV. Geminiviruses

    V. Vectors Based on RNA Plant Viruses

    VI. Conclusion and Outlook

    References

    5 Plant Gene Vectors and Genetic Transformation: The Structure, Function, and Uses of Maize Transposable Elements

    I. Introduction

    II. The Structure of Maize Transposable Elements

    III. The Function and Regulation of Spm and Ac

    IV. Using Maize Transposable Elements

    References

    6 Structure and Regulation of Light-Inducible Genes: Genes Involved in Photosynthesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Gene Structure and Linkage

    III. Expression Dynamics

    IV. Cis-Acting Elements for Light-Regulated Transcription

    V. Trans-Acting Factors for Light-Regulated Transcription

    VI. Conclusions and Prospects

    References

    7 Regulation and Structure of Chalcone Synthase Genes

    I. Introduction

    II. Modes of CHS Regulation

    III. Structure, Organization, and Specific Stimulation of CHS Genes

    IV. Regulatory Elements of the CHS Promoter

    V. Perspectives

    References

    8 Structure and Regulation of Light-inducible Genes: Phytochrome, Properties of a Photoreceptor That Regulates Its Own Expression

    I. Introduction

    II. Gene Characterization

    III. Regulation of Phytochrome Expression

    IV. Regulation of Gene Expression by Phytochrome

    V. Other Forms of Phytochrome

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    9 Structure and Regulation of Organ- and Tissue-Specific Genes: Regulated Expression of Flower-Specific Genes

    I. Introduction

    II. Isolation of Flower-Specific Genes

    III. Characterization of Flower-Specific Genes

    IV. Cellular- and Tissue-Specific Expression Patterns

    V. Discussion

    References

    10 Structure and Regulation of Organ- and Tissue-Specific Genes in Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Plant Chitinase

    III. Induction of Chitinase Activity

    IV. Plant Chitinase Genes

    V. Bacterial Chitinases

    VI. Bacterial Chitinase Genes

    VII. Expression of a Bacterial Chitinase Gene in Plant Cells

    VIII. Activity of a Bacterial Chitinase Gene in Plants

    IX. Conclusions

    References

    11 Structure and Regulation of Organ- and Tissue-Specific Genes: Structural and Cytological Features of Incompatibility Gene Expression in Flowering Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Homomorphic Systems

    III. The Heteromorphic System

    IV. Interspecific Incompatibility

    V. Nature of the S-Gene Products

    VI. Concluding Comments

    References

    12 Phytohormone Synthesis: Pathways, Genes, and Mutations

    I. Introduction

    II. Growth Hormone Synthesis: Pathways, Genes, and Mutations

    III. Concluding Remarks

    References

    13 Heat Shock Protein Genes of Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Regulation of Heat Shock Gene Expression

    III. Heat Shock Proteins

    IV. Heat Shock Protein Structure

    V. Heat Shock Protein Gene Structure

    VI. Concluding Remarks

    References

    14 Nodule Development and Formation of the Endosymbiotic Compartment

    I. Introduction

    II. Cell Commitment in Nodule Development

    III. Plant-Microbe Signaling

    IV. The Peribacteroid Compartment: A Nitrogen-Fixing Organelle

    V. Carbon and Nitrogen: Altered Metabolic Pathways

    References

    15 Chromatin Structure and Gene Expression

    I. Introduction

    II. First-Order Structure and Gene Regulation

    III. Proteins That Interact with DNA in Hypersensitive Regions

    References

    16 Molecular Biology of Plant RNA Viruses

    I. Introduction

    II. Viruses with a Capped RNA Genome

    III. Viruses with a 5' Terminal VPg at Their RNA Genome

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    References

    17 Genetic Engineering of Plants for Viral Disease Resistance

    I. Introduction

    II. Virus Resistance in Plants Expressing Viral CP Genes

    III. Resistance Conferred by Expression of CP Antisense Transcripts

    IV. Protection Engineered by Expression of Viral Satellite RNA

    V. Expression of Other Viral Genes Important to Virus Infection

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    18 Protein Engineering in Plants: Expression of Bacillus thuringiensis Insecticidal Protein Genes

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural and Functional Properties of a Lepidoptera-Specific ICP

    III. Expression of Toxin Genes in Plants

    IV. Selection of B. thuringiensis Genes

    References

    19 Selective Herbicide Tolerance through Protein Engineering

    I. Introduction

    II. Glyphosate Tolerance

    III. Sulfonylurea Herbicide Tolerance

    IV. Imidazolinone Herbicide Tolerance

    V. Phosphinothricin Tolerance

    VI. Bromoxynil Tolerance

    VII. Triazine Herbicide Tolerance

    VIII. Conclusion and Future Prospects

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 520
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1989
  • Published: July 28, 1989
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147323

About the Editor

Indra Vasil

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