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Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444543196, 9780444543226

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography

1st Edition

eBook ISBN: 9780444543226
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444543196
Paperback ISBN: 9780444638168
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 18th October 2014
Page Count: 453
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Sample preparation is applied to make real world samples amenable for chromatographic analysis, or to improve the results of this type of analysis. A wide variety of procedures are applied for this purpose, and their description is the main goal of the present book. The principles of these procedures are explained, discussing their advantages and disadvantages, and their applicability to different types of samples as well as their fit for different types of chromatographic analysis. This provides a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation for a given analysis. The book also contains numerous literature references and examples of sample preparation for different matrices. The material is presented in three parts, one discussing physical methods used in sample preparation such as filtration, distillation, solvent extraction, solid phase extraction, electro-separations.

Key Features

  • Presents in a systematic way numerous techniques applied for sample preparation for chromatographic analysis
  • Provides an up to date source of information regarding the progress made in sample preparation for chromatography
  • Describes examples for specific type of matrices, providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation method for a given analysis


Analytical chemists from industry, research and academia

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Part I. General Concepts in Sample Preparation
    • Chapter 1. Preliminaries to Sample Preparation
      • 1.1. Collection of Information and Planning for a Chromatographic Analysis
      • 1.2. The Evaluation of Analytical Data
      • 1.3. Sampling
    • Chapter 2. The Role of Sample Preparation
      • 2.1. Routine Manipulations of the Sample
      • 2.2. Preliminary Processing of the Sample
      • 2.3. Sample Cleanup and Fractionation
      • 2.4. Concentration of the Sample
      • 2.5. Chemical Modifications of the Sample
      • 2.6. Selection of a Sample Preparation Procedure
      • 2.7. Automation in Sample Preparation
    • Chapter 3. Chromatography as a Core Step for an Analytical Procedure
      • 3.1. Basic Concepts in Chromatography
      • 3.2. Overview of GC
      • 3.3. Overview of HPLC
      • 3.4. Other Chromatography Types Used as Core Analytical Method
  • Part II. Main Sample Preparation Techniques
    • Chapter 4. Mechanical Processing in Sample Preparation
      • 4.1. Grinding and Sieving
      • 4.2. Filtration, Microfiltration, and Ultrafiltration
      • 4.3. Centrifugation
    • Chapter 5. Phase Transfer in Sample Preparation
      • 5.1. Distillation, Vaporization, and Drying
      • 5.2. Physical Dissolution, Crystallization, and Precipitation
    • Chapter 6. Solvent Extraction
      • 6.1. Conventional Liquid–Liquid Extraction
      • 6.2. Special LLE Procedures
      • 6.3. Conventional Liquid–Solid Extraction
      • 6.4. Accelerated Solvent Extraction
      • 6.5. Microwave-Assisted Solvent Extraction
      • 6.6. Supercritical Solvent Extraction
      • 6.7. Solvent–Gas Extraction
    • Chapter 7. Solid-Phase Extraction
      • 7.1. Conventional Solid-Phase Extraction
      • 7.2. Materials Used as Solid Phases and Formats
      • 7.3. Retention and Elution Mechanisms in SPE
      • 7.4. Selection of Sorbents in SPE Practice
      • 7.5. Solvents Used in SPE
      • 7.6. Optimization of SPE
      • 7.7. SPE from Headspace
      • 7.8. Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME)
      • 7.9. Special SPE Techniques
    • Chapter 8. Other Sample Preparation Techniques Not Involving Chemical Modifications of the Analyte
      • 8.1. Chromatographic Procedures as Preliminary Separations
      • 8.2. Membrane Separations as Sample Preparation Techniques
      • 8.3. Electroseparations in Sample Preparation
      • 8.4. Other Techniques in Sample Preparation
    • Chapter 9. The Role of Derivatization in Chromatography
      • 9.1. Derivatization for Sample Dissolution
      • 9.2. Improvement of Gas Chromatographic Analysis by Derivatization
      • 9.3. Improvement of Liquid Chromatographic Analysis by Derivatization
      • 9.4. Derivatization for Chiral Separations
    • Chapter 10. Chemical Reactions Used in Derivatizations
      • 10.1. Reactions with Formation of Alkyl or Aryl Derivatives
      • 10.2. Reactions with Formation of Silyl Derivatives
      • 10.3. Derivatives Formation through Acylation Reactions
      • 10.4. Other Derivatization Reactions
    • Chapter 11. Chemical Degradation of Polymers for Chromatographic Analysis
      • 11.1. Chemical Degradation of Polymeric Carbohydrates
      • 11.2. Chemical Degradation of Proteins
      • 11.3. Chemical Degradation of Other Macromolecular Compounds
    • Chapter 12. Comments on Sample Preparation in Chromatography for Different Types of Materials
      • 12.1. Sample Preparation Techniques for the Analysis of Air, Water, and Soil
      • 12.2. Sample Preparation for the Analysis of Pharmaceuticals
      • 12.3. Sample Preparation for the Analysis of Biological Samples
      • 12.4. Sample Preparation for Food and Agricultural Products
      • 12.5. Sample Preparation Related to the Analysis of Other Materials and/or Processes
  • Index


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© Elsevier 2014
18th October 2014
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"This book has certainly appeared at the right time, and is recommended for analytical scientist looking for a broad, general, and updated overview of current sample preparation for chromatography." --Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

"The book is comprehensive and well written...This book has certainly appeared at the right time, and is recommended for analytical scientist looking for a broad, general, and updated overview of current sample preparation for chromatography."--Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry

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