Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry

Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry

2nd Edition - February 11, 2017

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  • Editors: Ruren Xu, Yan Xu
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444635952
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444635914

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Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry, Second Edition captures, in five distinct sections, the latest advancements in inorganic synthetic chemistry, providing materials chemists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists with a valuable reference source to help them advance their research efforts and achieve breakthroughs. Section one includes six chapters centering on synthetic chemistry under specific conditions, such as high-temperature, low-temperature and cryogenic, hydrothermal and solvothermal, high-pressure, photochemical and fusion conditions. Section two focuses on the synthesis and related chemistry problems of highly distinct categories of inorganic compounds, including superheavy elements, coordination compounds and coordination polymers, cluster compounds, organometallic compounds, inorganic polymers, and nonstoichiometric compounds. Section three elaborates on the synthetic chemistry of five important classes of inorganic functional materials, namely, ordered porous materials, carbon materials, advanced ceramic materials, host-guest materials, and hierarchically structured materials. Section four consists of four chapters where the synthesis of functional inorganic aggregates is discussed, giving special attention to the growth of single crystals, assembly of nanomaterials, and preparation of amorphous materials and membranes. The new edition’s biggest highlight is Section five where the frontier in inorganic synthetic chemistry is reviewed by focusing on biomimetic synthesis and rationally designed synthesis.

Key Features

  • Focuses on the chemistry of inorganic synthesis, assembly, and organization of wide-ranging inorganic systems
  • Covers all major methodologies of inorganic synthesis
  • Provides state-of-the-art synthetic methods
  • Includes real examples in the organization of complex inorganic functional materials
  • Contains more than 4000 references that are all highly reflective of the latest advancement in inorganic synthetic chemistry
  • Presents a comprehensive coverage of the key issues involved in modern inorganic synthetic chemistry as written by experts in the field


Researchers, teachers and graduate students as well as engineers, in chemical engineering, physical and inorganic chemistry and materials science/chemistry. Researchers and engineers in the chemical and materials industry

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Introduction

    • 1.1. Chemistry of Inorganic Synthesis
    • 1.2. Major Scientific Issues in Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry

    Chapter 2. High Temperature Synthesis

    • 2.1. Attainment of High Temperature: Laboratory Furnaces and Related Techniques
    • 2.2. Types of High-Temperature Synthetic Reactions and Routes
    • 2.3. High-Temperature Solid-State Reaction
    • 2.4. Preparation of Rare Earth Containing Materials
    • 2.5. Sol–Gel Process and Precursors in High Temperature Solid Synthesis
    • 2.6. Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis
    • 2.7. High-Temperature Preparation of Metal Vapors and Active Molecules for Use in Cryosynthesis
    • 2.8. High Temperature Electrolysis in Molten Salt System

    Chapter 3. Synthesis and Purification at Low Temperatures

    • 3.1. Attainment and Measurement of Low and Ultralow Temperatures
    • 3.2. Vacuum Technique and Its Applications in Inorganic Synthesis
    • 3.3. Purification and Separation of Inorganics at Low Temperatures
    • 3.4. Synthesis of Volatile Inorganic Compounds at Low Temperatures
    • 3.5. Formation of Noble Gas Compounds Under Cryogenic Conditions
    • 3.6. Freeze-Drying Synthesis
    • 3.7. Inorganic Synthesis in Liquid Ammonia
    • 3.8. Cryosynthesis of Unusual Inorganic Compounds

    Chapter 4. Hydrothermal and Solvothermal Syntheses

    • 4.1. Foundation of Hydrothermal and Solvothermal Syntheses
    • 4.2. Functional Materials From Hydrothermal and Solvothermal Systems
    • 4.3. Hydrothermal Biochemistry
    • 4.4. Supercritical Water: A Novel Reaction System
    • 4.5. Techniques and Methods
    • 4.6. Ionothermal Synthesis

    Chapter 5. High Pressure Synthesis and Preparation of Inorganic Materials

    • 5.1. Experimental Methods of Inorganic Synthesis Under High Pressure
    • 5.2. Effects of High Pressure on Basic States of Matter
    • 5.3. Effects of High Pressure on Inorganic Chemical Reactions
    • 5.4. Effects of High Pressure on Crystal and Electronic Structures of Inorganic Compounds
    • 5.5. Major Roles of High-Pressure Method in Inorganic Synthesis
    • 5.6. Some Important Inorganic Compounds Synthesized Under High Pressure

    Chapter 6. Inorganic Photochemical Synthesis

    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. The Basic Concepts
    • 6.3. Experimental Techniques
    • 6.4. Photochemical Synthesis of Organometallic Complexes
    • 6.5. Photochemical Synthesis of Inorganic Compounds
    • 6.6. Synthesis of Inorganic Thin Films via Photochemical Reactions
    • 6.7. Photochemical Synthesis of Nanomaterials
    • 6.8. Production of H2 via Photodecomposition of Water
    • 6.9. Summary

    Chapter 7. Chemical Vapor Deposition and Its Applications in Inorganic Synthesis

    • 7.1. Brief History of Chemical Vapor Deposition
    • 7.2. Technical Fundamentals of Chemical Vapor Deposition
    • 7.3. Low-Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition and Its Simulation Model
    • 7.4. Activated Low-Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition Diamond Syntheses
    • 7.5. Modern Thermodynamic Coupling Model of Chemical Vapor Deposition Diamond Syntheses
    • 7.6. Nondissipative Thermodynamics and Nonequilibrium Phase Diagrams
    • 7.7. Dissipative Thermodynamics and Chemical Oscillations
    • 7.8. A Complete Basic Discipline of Thermodynamics
    • 7.9. A New Statement of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    Chapter 8. Synthesis of Coordination Compounds and Coordination Polymers

    • 8.1. Introduction to Coordination Compounds and Coordination Polymers
    • 8.2. Synthetic Methods of Coordination Compounds
    • 8.3. Rational Synthesis of Coordination Compounds
    • 8.4. Molecular Design of Coordination Polymers
    • 8.5. Structural Modulation of Coordination Polymers by Reaction Conditions
    • 8.6. Postsynthetic Modification of Porous Coordination Polymers

    Chapter 9. Cluster Compounds

    • 9.1. Description of the Clusters
    • 9.2. Synthesis of the Oxo Transition Metal Clusters Under Hydrothermal Conditions
    • 9.3. Synthesis of the Oxo Lanthanide Clusters Under Hydrothermal Conditions
    • 9.4. Synthesis of the Oxo Main Group Clusters Under Hydrothermal Conditions
    • 9.5. Synthesis of the Chalcogenide Clusters Under Hydro(solvo)thermal Conditions
    • 9.6. Synthesis of the Iron–Sulfur Clusters
    • 9.7. Synthesis of the Metal Carbonyl Clusters

    Chapter 10. Synthesis of Organometallic Compounds

    • 10.1. Synthetic Reactions
    • 10.2. Preparation of Typical Organometallic Compounds
    • 10.3. Experimental Techniques

    Chapter 11. Synthesis and Assembly Chemistry of Inorganic Polymers

    • 11.1. Polyphosphazenes
    • 11.2. Synthesis of Novel Phosphazenes Compounds
    • 11.3. Synthesis and Assembly Chemistry of Cyclophosphazene
    • 11.4. Applications of Cyclomatrix Polyphosphazene Nanomaterials

    Chapter 12. Soft Inorganic Supramolecular Systems

    • 12.1. General Concepts and Methodology
    • 12.2. Assembly of POM Complexes in Solutions
    • 12.3. The Assembly of POMS in Polymers
    • 12.4. Assembly of POMS on Surfaces
    • 12.5. Assembly of POMS in Liquid Crystals

    Chapter 13. Nonstoichiometric Compounds

    • 13.1. Introduction to Nonstoichiometric Compounds
    • 13.2. Synthesis of Nonstoichiometric Compounds
    • 13.3. Characterization of Nonstoichiometric Compounds

    Chapter 14. Inorganic Synthesis of Actinides

    • 14.1. The Oxidation State and Coordination Number of Actinides
    • 14.2. Actinide Coordination Compounds
    • 14.3. Actinide-Based Nanomaterials
    • 14.4. Fabrication of Nuclear Fuels
    • 14.5. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 15. Synthetic Chemistry of the Inorganic Ordered Porous Materials

    • 15.1. Porous Materials
    • 15.2. Zeolite and Its Structure
    • 15.3. The Synthesis of Zeolite
    • 15.4. Zeotype: Zeolite-Like Materials
    • 15.5. New Strategies and New Trends of Zeolite Synthesis
    • 15.6. Basics of Ordered Mesoporous Materials
    • 15.7. Understanding the Synthesis of Mesoporous Materials
    • 15.8. Typical Mesostructures and Mesoporous Materials
    • 15.9. Synthesis Strategies for Mesoporous Silica
    • 15.10. New Compositions: Non-Silica-Based Mesoporous Materials
    • 15.11. Morphology Control in Mesoporous Materials
    • 15.12. Mesoporous Nanomaterials
    • 15.13. Porous Carbon Materials
    • 15.14. Challenges for Porous Material Scientist

    Chapter 16. Carbon Materials

    • 16.1. Zero-Dimensional Carbon: Fullerene-Based Materials
    • 16.2. One-Dimensional Carbon: Carbon Nanotubes
    • 16.3. Two-Dimensional Carbon: Graphene-Based Materials
    • 16.4. 2D Carbon: Graphdiyne and Graphyne-Based Materials

    Chapter 17. Advanced Ceramic Materials

    • 17.1. Nanoceramics
    • 17.2. Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs)
    • 17.3. Integration of Structures and Functions
    • 17.4. Transparent Ceramics

    Chapter 18. Functional Host–Guest Materials

    • Assembly Chemistry of Anion-Intercalated Layered Materials
    • Assembly Chemistry of Porous Host–Guest Materials

    Chapter 19. Hierarchical Materials

    • 19.1. Introduction to Hierarchical Materials
    • 19.2. Synthetic Strategies for Hierarchical Materials
    • 19.3. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 20. Functional Crystals

    • 20.1. Introduction
    • 20.2. Fundamentals of Crystal Growth
    • 20.3. Crystal Growth Technology
    • 20.4. Some Important Functional Crystals
    • 20.5. Discussion and Conclusion

    Chapter 21. Synthetic Chemistry of Nanomaterials

    • 21.1. Basics of the Synthetic Chemistry of Nanomaterials
    • 21.2. Synthetic Method for Nanomaterials
    • 21.3. Synthesis of Nanomaterials
    • 21.4. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 22. Amorphous Materials

    • 22.1. Amorphous Structure
    • 22.2. Formation Rule of Amorphous Alloy
    • 22.3. Preparation Technology of Amorphous Materials
    • 22.4. Bulk Amorphous Alloy and Amorphous Alloy-Based Composite Materials

    Chapter 23. Preparation Chemistry of Inorganic Membranes

    • 23.1. Inorganic Membranes and Their Major Characteristics
    • 23.2. Synthesis of Amorphous Microporous Inorganic Membranes
    • 23.3. Synthesis of Crystalline Microporous Inorganic Membranes
    • 23.4. Conclusions

    Chapter 24. Frontier of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry (I) Biomimetic Synthesis

    • 24.1. Introduction
    • 24.2. Biomineralization and Its Mimetic Inorganic Materials
    • 24.3. Biotemplated Inorganic Materials
    • 24.4. Biomimetic Synthesis of Inorganic Chiral Materials
    • 24.5. Bioinspired Multiscale Inorganic Materials

    Chapter 25. Frontier of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry (II)-Designed Synthesis—Inorganic Crystalline Porous Materials

    • 25.1. Structure Design of Inorganic Crystalline Porous Materials
    • 25.2. Evaluation of Chemical Feasibility of Zeolite Structures
    • 25.3. Attempts to the Rational Synthesis of Inorganic Porous Crystalline Materials
    • 25.4. Synthesis Guided by Topotactic Transformation
    • 25.5. Future Perspectives on the Tailor-Made Synthesis of Desired Inorganic Porous Crystalline Materials
    • 25.6. Concluding Remarks

Product details

  • No. of pages: 808
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: February 11, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444635952
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444635914

About the Editors

Ruren Xu

Professor Ruren Xu of Jilin University is a leader in the Chinese, Asian and worldwide zeolite communities as well as the founder of the inorganic synthesis discipline in China, the first proposer of the scientific system of modern inorganic chemistry in the world. He was elected a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991 and a Fellow of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS) in 2003. He was a Councilor of the International Zeolite Association (IZA, 1998–2004), the chairman of the 15th International Zeolite Conference held in Beijing (2007), and the honorary chairman of the first Europe-Asia Zeolite Conference (EAZC) in Macao (2013).

Affiliations and Expertise

Jilin University, China.

Yan Xu

Yan Xu obtained her BSc in chemistry from Jilin University, China and PhD in chemistry from the Royal Institution of Great Britain in 1991 under the supervision of Professor Sir John Meurig Thomas. She was a research fellow at National University of Singapore (1992-1995), an assistant professor at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (1996-2000) and a senior scientist at Grenidea Technology, Singapore (2002-2010). She is a professor in the State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University since 2011. Her current research evolves around the organization and functionalization of hierarchically structured materials based on the self-assembly and mineralization of biological molecules. She has published some 60 peer-reviewed papers, 1 international patent, co-authored 1 book and contributed 3 book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, China

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