Modern Gas Turbine Systems

Modern Gas Turbine Systems

High Efficiency, Low Emission, Fuel Flexible Power Generation

1st Edition - August 31, 2013

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  • Editor: Peter Jansohn
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096067
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081013847

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Description

Modern gas turbine power plants represent one of the most efficient and economic conventional power generation technologies suitable for large-scale and smaller scale applications. Alongside this, gas turbine systems operate with low emissions and are more flexible in their operational characteristics than other large-scale generation units such as steam cycle plants. Gas turbines are unrivalled in their superior power density (power-to-weight) and are thus the prime choice for industrial applications where size and weight matter the most. Developments in the field look to improve on this performance, aiming at higher efficiency generation, lower emission systems and more fuel-flexible operation to utilise lower-grade gases, liquid fuels, and gasified solid fuels/biomass. Modern gas turbine systems provides a comprehensive review of gas turbine science and engineering.The first part of the book provides an overview of gas turbine types, applications and cycles. Part two moves on to explore major components of modern gas turbine systems including compressors, combustors and turbogenerators. Finally, the operation and maintenance of modern gas turbine systems is discussed in part three. The section includes chapters on performance issues and modelling, the maintenance and repair of components and fuel flexibility.Modern gas turbine systems is a technical resource for power plant operators, industrial engineers working with gas turbine power plants and researchers, scientists and students interested in the field.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive review of gas turbine systems and fundamentals of a cycle
  • Examines the major components of modern systems, including compressors, combustors and turbines
  • Discusses the operation and maintenance of component parts

Readership

Professionals, academics and researchers focusing on the efficient provision of energy.

Table of Contents

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    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

    Part I: Overview of modern gas turbine systems

    Chapter 1: Introduction to gas turbines

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 The importance of gas turbines for worldwide CO2 reduction

    1.3 Importance of gas turbines for the aviation sector

    1.4 Importance of gas turbines for the power generation sector

    1.5 Efficiency improvement: impact on other issues

    1.5.1 Total life cycle costs: importance of efficiency measures

    1.5.2 Technologies for improved gas turbine and system efficiency

    1.6 Other trends in gas turbine technology

    1.7 Market trends

    1.8 Conclusion

    Chapter 2: Overview of gas turbine types and applications

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Gas turbine types by application

    2.3 Power generation

    2.4 Aero-engines

    2.5 Industrial turbines

    2.6 Microturbines

    2.7 Advantages and limitations

    2.8 Future trends

    Chapter 3: Fundamentals of gas turbine cycles: thermodynamics, efficiency and specific power

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Thermodynamic properties of gases

    3.3 The Joule–Brayton cycle

    3.4 Improvements to the simple cycle

    3.5 Combined gas–steam cycles

    3.6 Basics of blade cooling

    3.7 Conclusion and future trends

    Part II: Modern gas turbine systems and major components

    Chapter 4: Compressors in gas turbine systems

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction: role of the compressor

    4.2 Types of compressor systems

    4.3 Stationary gas turbine compressor elements

    4.4 Compressor characteristic parameters

    4.5 Operational requirements inside a gas turbine

    4.6 Compressor design process

    4.7 Technological trends and special features

    4.8 Acknowledgement

    4.10 Appendix: variables and indexes

    Chapter 5: Combustors in gas turbine systems

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Design principles

    5.3 Combustor operation

    5.4 Fuel flexibility

    5.5 Future trends

    Chapter 6: Turbines for industrial gas turbine systems

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Interfaces and integration

    6.3 Aerodynamics

    6.4 Cooling

    6.5 Durability and damage mechanisms

    6.6 Typical parts and interfaces

    6.7 Future trends

    Chapter 7: Heat exchangers and heat recovery processes in gas turbine systems

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Heat exchange processes

    7.3 Heat transfer equipment

    7.4 Applications

    7.5 Future trends

    7.6 Conclusion

    7.10 Appendix: nomenclature

    Chapter 8: Turbogenerators in gas turbine systems

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Generator component design

    8.3 The history of turbogenerator development

    8.4 Design concepts of turbogenerators for modern gas turbines

    8.5 Turbogenerator development for gas turbines

    8.6 Recent developments

    8.7 Future trends

    8.8 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 9: Materials and coatings developments for gas turbine systems and components

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Turbine parts

    9.3 Combustor parts

    9.4 Coatings for hot gas path parts

    9.5 Ceramics for hot gas path parts

    9.6 Rotor parts

    9.8 Appendix: nomenclature

    Part III: Operation and maintenance of modern gas turbine systems

    Chapter 10: Gas turbine operation and combustion performance issues

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Flame stabilisation mechanisms

    10.3 Emissions variations

    10.4 Combustion dynamics

    10.5 Future trends

    Chapter 11: Gas turbine performance modelling, analysis and optimisation

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Design-point modelling of gas turbine cycles

    11.3 Steady flow energy equation

    11.4 The ideal simple gas turbine cycle

    11.5 Reversibility and efficiency

    11.6 Thermophysical properties of air and products of combustion

    11.7 Thermodynamic modelling of gas turbine components applicable for practical gas turbine cycles

    11.8 Determining component performance using specific heats

    11.9 Design-point performance modelling, analysis and performance optimisation of practical (shaft power) gas turbines

    11.10 Design-point performance modelling of aero gas turbines, analysis and optimisation

    11.11 Component characteristics

    11.12 Engine configurations

    11.13 Off-design performance prediction

    11.14 Transient performance modelling

    11.15 Off-design performance behaviour of gas turbine cycles

    11.16 Adaptive model-based control

    11.17 Future trends

    Chapter 12: Advanced gas turbine asset and performance management

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Gas turbine degradation

    12.3 Hot gas path management

    12.4 Centre for remote monitoring and diagnostics (CMD)

    12.5 E-maintenance and future trends

    12.6 Key definitions

    12.7 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 13: Maintenance and repair of gas turbine components

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Maintenance factors

    13.3 Outage cycle

    13.4 Advanced component repair technology

    13.5 Compressor cleaning

    13.6 Future trends

    13.7 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 14: Fuel flexibility in gas turbine systems: impact on burner design and performance

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Primary fuel characterization

    14.3 Fuels directly introduced into gas turbine burners

    14.4 Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology options with and without air-side integration and carbon capture and storage (CCS)

    14.5 Characterizing fuel gases

    14.6 Measures for extending operation range for fuel gases

    14.7 Characterizing liquid fuels

    14.8 Future trends

    Chapter 15: Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage for gas turbine systems

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 CO2 capture technologies

    15.3 Impact of carbon capture and storage (CCS) on current gas turbines

    15.4 Novel approaches

    15.5 Implementation of carbon capture and storage (CCS) for gas turbines

    15.6 Conclusion

    15.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 16: Ultra-low nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions combustion in gas turbine systems

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 The NASA clean combustor programme

    16.3 Acoustic resonance and catalytic combustion

    16.4 Thermal NOx formation

    16.5 Prompt NOx

    16.6 Predictions of thermal NOx

    16.7 Influence of mixing on thermal NOx

    16.8 Impact of fuel-and-air mixing quality on thermal NOx emissions

    16.9 Influence of air inlet temperature

    16.10 Influence of residence time in premixed combustion: reference velocity and reference Mach number

    16.11 Conclusions

    16.12 Acknowledgements

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 838
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: August 31, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096067
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081013847

About the Editor

Peter Jansohn

Dr Peter Jansohn is Manager at the Combustion Research Laboratory, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland.

Affiliations and Expertise

Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland

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