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Models of Human Memory provides an overview of the state of knowledge on human memory models. The book begins with an introductory chapter on the basic stages of the memory system and the historical roots of memory models. The remaining chapters are organized into five parts. Part I on memory systems covers topics such as a system for perception and memory; multi-trace strength theory of memory; and a model for postperceptual verbal memory that postulates a single memory store, with multiple copies, called replicas, created in memory by rehearsal processes. Part II presents studies phoneme storage and word recognition. Part III on memory for associations examines the storage-retrieval theory for the memorizing processes and presents simple model of short-term memory (STM) for paired associates. Part IV on storage and retrieval mechanisms deals with mechanisms of repetition and rehearsal in short-term memory; models of recall and recognition; and memory search models. Part V presents a theory of human long-term associative memory; and examines conceptual and methodological interactions between information-processing investigations of cognitive activity and attempts to build models of memory.
List of Contributors
1. Introduction: Models of Human Memory
The Basic Stages of the Memory System
I. Memory Systems
2. A System for Perception and Memory
The General System
The Formal Model
Tests of the System
3. Multitrace Strength Theory
Comparison to Other Theories
Assumptions of Multitrace Strength Theory
Restrictions in Testing Strength Theory
Completeness of Multitrace Strength Theory
Predictions and Empirical Adequacy of Multitrace Strength Theory
4. A Multiple-Copy Model for Postperceptual Memory
The Replica Model for Serial Position in Short-Term Memory
Short-Term Memory and Simple Verbal Learning
5. Computer Simulation of an Information-Processing Model of Short-Term Memory
Information Processing Models
A Working Model for the Learning Process
The Model and the Data
II. Phoneme Storage and Word Recognition
6. Acoustic Similarity and Auditory Short-Term Memory Experiments and a Model
Phonemic Model of Auditory Short-Term Memory
Discussion of the Experimental Results
Predictions of Performance
Summary and Conclusions
Appendix 1. Corrections for Guessing, Truncation, Partial Knowledge, and Response-Interference
Appendix 2. Predicted Scores When Items Are Remembered without Knowledge of Position
7. A Functional Model for Memory
A Model for Word Recognition
Application of the Model to Memory
Sensory Analysis Systems
III. Memory for Associations
8. How Associations Are Memorized
Effects of Stimulus and Response Difficulty
Analysis of Negative Transfer
Summary and Conclusion
Relationship with Other Theories
9. Short-Term Memory for Associations
IV. Mechanisms of Storage and Retrieval
10. Repetition and Rehearsal Mechanisms in Models for Short-Term Memory
The Representation of Repetition
The Representation of Rehearsal
11. Models for Free Recall and Recognition
Two-Process Theories of Recognition and Recall
12. Memory Search
A Framework for Search Models
The Memory Trace
The Memory Stores
The Stages of Retrieval
Summary of the Search Framework
Applications of Search Processes
Search Models for Free Verbal Recall
Search Models for Paired-Associate Paradigms
Summary and Conclusion
V. Information Processing and Memory
13. Information Processing and Memory
Information Processing and Memory
The Long-Term Permanent Store
14. What Does It Take to Remember?
The Segregation of Memory
What Do Subjects in Memory Experiments Do?
Simple Models of Memory
Strategy System Conceptions of Memory
Some Problems and Paradigms for Research on Memory
What Is the Structure of the Information Stored in Memory?
How Are Memory Structures Processed?
Controlling Subjects' Strategies
Appendix: Serial Position Curves
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1970
- 28th January 1970
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
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