Models of Human Memory - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125213509, 9781483258201

Models of Human Memory

1st Edition

Editors: Donald A. Norman
eBook ISBN: 9781483258201
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1970
Page Count: 556
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Description

Models of Human Memory provides an overview of the state of knowledge on human memory models. The book begins with an introductory chapter on the basic stages of the memory system and the historical roots of memory models. The remaining chapters are organized into five parts.
Part I on memory systems covers topics such as a system for perception and memory; multi-trace strength theory of memory; and a model for postperceptual verbal memory that postulates a single memory store, with multiple copies, called replicas, created in memory by rehearsal processes. Part II presents studies phoneme storage and word recognition. Part III on memory for associations examines the storage-retrieval theory for the memorizing processes and presents simple model of short-term memory (STM) for paired associates. Part IV on storage and retrieval mechanisms deals with mechanisms of repetition and rehearsal in short-term memory; models of recall and recognition; and memory search models. Part V presents a theory of human long-term associative memory; and examines conceptual and methodological interactions between information-processing investigations of cognitive activity and attempts to build models of memory.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

1. Introduction: Models of Human Memory

The Basic Stages of the Memory System

History

Future Models

Supplementary Papers

Organization

References

I. Memory Systems

2. A System for Perception and Memory

The General System

The Formal Model

Tests of the System

References

3. Multitrace Strength Theory

Comparison to Other Theories

Assumptions of Multitrace Strength Theory

Restrictions in Testing Strength Theory

Completeness of Multitrace Strength Theory

Predictions and Empirical Adequacy of Multitrace Strength Theory

Conclusion

References

4. A Multiple-Copy Model for Postperceptual Memory

Introduction

The Replica Model for Serial Position in Short-Term Memory

Short-Term Memory and Simple Verbal Learning

Multiprocess Models

Concluding Remarks

References

5. Computer Simulation of an Information-Processing Model of Short-Term Memory

Information Processing Models

A Working Model for the Learning Process

The Model and the Data

Conclusions

Summary

Appendix

References

II. Phoneme Storage and Word Recognition

6. Acoustic Similarity and Auditory Short-Term Memory Experiments and a Model

Introduction

Phonemic Model of Auditory Short-Term Memory

The Experiments

Discussion of the Experimental Results

Predictions of Performance

Summary and Conclusions

Appendix 1. Corrections for Guessing, Truncation, Partial Knowledge, and Response-Interference

Appendix 2. Predicted Scores When Items Are Remembered without Knowledge of Position

References

7. A Functional Model for Memory

Introduction

A Model for Word Recognition

Application of the Model to Memory

Sensory Analysis Systems

Response Buffer

Cognitive System

Logogen System

Conclusions

References

III. Memory for Associations

8. How Associations Are Memorized

Statistical Methods

Effects of Stimulus and Response Difficulty

Analysis of Negative Transfer

Summary and Conclusion

Relationship with Other Theories

References

9. Short-Term Memory for Associations

Fluctuation Model

Decision Processes

Summary

References

IV. Mechanisms of Storage and Retrieval

10. Repetition and Rehearsal Mechanisms in Models for Short-Term Memory

Introduction

The Representation of Repetition

The Representation of Rehearsal

Concluding Comments

References

11. Models for Free Recall and Recognition

Two-Process Theories of Recognition and Recall

Formal Models

References

12. Memory Search

A Framework for Search Models

The Memory Trace

The Memory Stores

The Stages of Retrieval

Summary of the Search Framework

Applications of Search Processes

Search Models for Free Verbal Recall

Search Models for Paired-Associate Paradigms

Summary and Conclusion

Appendix

References

V. Information Processing and Memory

13. Information Processing and Memory

Introduction

Information Processing and Memory

The Long-Term Permanent Store

Conclusion

References

14. What Does It Take to Remember?

The Segregation of Memory

What Do Subjects in Memory Experiments Do?

Decoupling Reconsidered

Simple Models of Memory

Strategy System Conceptions of Memory

Some Problems and Paradigms for Research on Memory

What Is the Structure of the Information Stored in Memory?

How Are Memory Structures Processed?

Controlling Subjects' Strategies

Summary

References

Appendix: Serial Position Curves

Text

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
556
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1970
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483258201

About the Editor

Donald A. Norman

Ratings and Reviews