Modeling for All Scales

Modeling for All Scales

An Introduction to System Simulation

1st Edition - January 21, 2000

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  • Authors: Howard Odum, Elisabeth Odum
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080544366

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All manner of models are used to describe, simulate, extrapolate, and ultimately understand the function of dynamic systems. These sorts of models are usually based upon a mathematical foundation that can be difficult to manipulate especially for students. Modeling for All Scales uses object-oriented programming to erect and evaluate the efficacy of models of small, intermediate and large scale systems. Such models allow users to employ intuitively based symbols and a systems ecology approach. The authors have been leaders in the systems ecology community and have originated much of the scientific vocabulary of the field. After introducing modeling and its benefits, there is a series of chapters detailing the more particular elements of successful simulation. There follows another series of chapters, each devoted to models of different sorts of systems. Small scale models of growth, competition, and evolution give way, successively, to larger and larger scale models such as international trade and the global geobiosphere. Anyone interested in an easy to use approach to modeling complex systems authored by perhaps the most original systems ecologists of the century will want this book. To further enhance the users ability to apply the lessons of this book, there is included a CD-ROM disc which provides the fundamental tools for modeling at all scales.

Key Features

@introbul:Key Features
@bul:* The book makes it possible to teach modeling and simulation without much prior knowledge of mathematics
* Reasons for modeling and simulation are discussed
* The book makes modeling and simulation fun by keeping focused on simplified overview minimodels that have important principles to science and society
* The steps in successive chapters are arranged so that readers can teach themselves modeling, simulation, and the programming necessary to simulate the systems they diagram
* The CD-ROM has minimodel programs and versions of QuickBasic and EXTEND to run them


Ecologists - especially systems ecologists, theoretical biologists, environmental scientists, faculty, graduate students and advanced undergraduates in the ecological and environmental sciences. Resource economists, land management professionals and related audiences are also likely buyers.

Table of Contents

  • Preface.
    Part I: Modeling:
    Modeling and Simulation. Energy Systems Diagramming.
    Numbers on Networks.
    Part II: Simulation:
    Simulation with Picture Blocks.
    Simulation with General Systems Blocks.
    Equations with Diagrams.
    Calibrating Models.
    Simulating with Spreadsheets.
    Programming in BASIC.
    Simulating with STELLA.
    Simulating Energy and Transformity.
    Part III: Fundamental Minimodels:
    Suggestions for Simulation.
    Models of Production and Recycle.
    Models of Growth.
    Models of Competition and Cooperation.
    Models of Series and Oscillation.
    Minimodels of Succession and Evolution.
    Models of Microeconomics.
    Models of Macroeconomic Overview.
    Models of International Relations and Trade.
    Models of the Global Geobiosphere.
    Part IV: Application:
    Modeling Projects and Complexity.
    Simulation Approaches.
    Programming Blocks for GENSYS using EXTEND.
    Notes on Computer Use and BASIC Programming.
    Answers to Questions.
    Use of Energy Systems Symbols.
    Contents of the CD with this Book.
    References and Suggested Readings.

Product details

  • No. of pages: 458
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2000
  • Published: January 21, 2000
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080544366

About the Authors

Howard Odum

Howard T. Odum is the recognized originator of the systems approach to environmental and ecological modeling The recipient of many awards, his students and close colleagues now represent the leading proponents of systems science.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Florida, Gainesville, U.S.A.

Elisabeth Odum

Affiliations and Expertise

Santa Fe Community College, Gainesville, U.S.A.

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