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Modeling Food Processing Operations - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781782422846, 9781782422969

Modeling Food Processing Operations

1st Edition

Editors: Serafim Bakalis Kai Knoerzer Kai Knoerzer Peter J Fryer
eBook ISBN: 9781782422969
Hardcover ISBN: 9781782422846
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 22nd April 2015
Page Count: 372
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Table of Contents

  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition
  • Preface
  • Part One: Introduction to computational modeling in food processing
    • 1: Different modelling and simulation approaches for food processing operations
      • Abstract
      • 1.1 Introduction and intended contribution
      • 1.2 Basic considerations of food processing
      • 1.3 Modelling and simulation approaches
      • 1.4 Conclusions and outlook
  • Part Two: Modeling of food processes involving heating and cooling
    • 2: Thermal processing and kinetic modeling of inactivation
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Introduction
      • 2.2 Quality and microbial modeling during thermal processes
      • 2.3 Dynamic temperature parameter estimation for microbial inactivation
      • 2.4 Model selection for dynamic parameter estimation
      • 2.5 Software programs dealing with dynamic forward and inverse modeling problems in food science
      • 2.6 Future trends
    • 3: Modeling thermal processing and reactions: sterilization and pasteurization
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Introduction
      • 3.2 Heat transfer
      • 3.3 Sterilization and pasteurization criteria
      • 3.4 Quality evaluation
      • 3.5 Optimization
      • 3.6 Conclusions
      • Appendix: Nomenclature
    • 4: Modelling of drying processes for food materials
      • Abstract
      • 4.1 Introduction
      • 4.2 The drying process
      • 4.3 Modelling approaches
      • 4.4 Modelling of the drying process
      • 4.5 Case study
      • 4.6 Future directions
    • 5: Modelling of baking processes
      • Abstract
      • 5.1 Introduction
      • 5.2 Physical, chemical and biological phenomena
      • 5.3 Product description and simplification assumptions
      • 5.4 Literature overview
      • 5.5 Modelling an oven with a simple food product description
      • 5.6 Modelling coupled heat, mass and momentum transfers in a simple geometry
      • 5.7 Conclusion: trends and challenges
    • 6: Modeling of food-frying processes
      • Abstract
      • 6.1 General description of frying
      • 6.2 Frying modeling background
      • 6.3 Case studies
      • 6.4 Conclusions
    • 7: Modelling cold food chain processing and display environments
      • Abstract
      • Acknowledgements
      • 7.1 The cold food chain
      • 7.2 Introduction to common modelling techniques
      • 7.3 Chilled food processing environments
      • 7.4 Modelling food storage and display equipment
      • 7.5 Conclusions
  • Part Three: Modeling of multiphase unit operations
    • 8: A review of shear-induced particle migration for enhanced filtration and fractionation
      • Abstract
      • 8.1 Introduction
      • 8.2 Hydrodynamic interactions in concentrated suspensions
      • 8.3 Experimental evaluation of shear-induced migration (SIM)
      • 8.4 Particle migration in microfiltration (MF) and flow field-flow fractionation (F1FFF)
      • 8.5 Options for fractionation technology
    • 9: Modeling extrusion processes
      • Abstract
      • 9.1 Introduction
      • 9.2 Overview of modeling approaches
      • 9.3 3D computational fluid dynamics simulation of biopolymeric melt flow in a twin-screw extruder
      • 9.4 Concluding remarks
    • 10: Modelling food digestion
      • Abstract
      • 10.1 Introduction
      • 10.2 Numerical methods useful for predicting food breakdown
      • 10.3 Mastication and food transformation in the mouth
      • 10.4 Food transport and processing in the stomach
      • 10.5 Processes in the small intestine
      • 10.6 Processes in the large intestine
      • 10.7 Conclusions
    • 11: Using logistic models to optimize the food supply chain
      • Abstract
      • 11.1 Introduction
      • 11.2 Features and current trends in food supply chain logistics
      • 11.3 Overview of fruit and vegetable logistics
      • 11.4 Overview of grains logistics
      • 11.5 Overview of beef and meat logistics
      • 11.6 Overview of logistics in fisheries
      • 11.7 Urban distribution of food products
      • 11.8 Dairy logistics and the Castrolanda Cooperative case study
      • 11.9 Conclusions and opportunities for further research
  • Part Four: Conclusions
    • 12: Conclusions and future trends in modelling food processing operations
      • Abstract
      • 12.1 Introduction
      • 12.2 Modelling across scales
      • 12.3 Different types of models
      • 12.4 Summary and conclusion
  • Index


Computational modeling is an important tool for understanding and improving food processing and manufacturing. It is used for many different purposes, including process design and process optimization. However, modeling goes beyond the process and can include applications to understand and optimize food storage and the food supply chain, and to perform a life cycle analysis. Modeling Food Processing Operations provides a comprehensive overview of the various applications of modeling in conventional food processing. The needs of industry, current practices, and state-of-the-art technologies are examined, and case studies are provided.

Part One provides an introduction to the topic, with a particular focus on modeling and simulation strategies in food processing operations. Part Two reviews the modeling of various food processes involving heating and cooling. These processes include: thermal inactivation; sterilization and pasteurization; drying; baking; frying; and chilled and frozen food processing, storage and display. Part Three examines the modeling of multiphase unit operations such as membrane separation, extrusion processes and food digestion, and reviews models used to optimize food distribution.

Key Features

  • Comprehensively reviews the various applications of modeling in conventional food processing
  • Examines the modeling of multiphase unit operations and various food processes involving heating and cooling
  • Analyzes the models used to optimize food distribution


Food engineers, research and development managers in food processing and manufacturing, and academics and postgraduate students with a research interest in this area.


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2015
22nd April 2015
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Serafim Bakalis

Professor Serafim Bakalis is a professor in the School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK

Kai Knoerzer

Kai Knoerzer Team Leader, Food Process Engineering and Principal Research Scientist, Food Transformation, CSIRO Agriculture and Food, Australia Dr. Kai Knoerzer has a background in process engineering (BSc), chemical engineering (MSc), and food process engineering (PhD, summa cum laude), all awarded from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany). In 2006, he commenced work with Food Science Australia (a joint venture of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and the Victorian Government) as a postdoctoral fellow. He has since become a principal research scientist in CSIRO Agriculture and Food. Kai has a proven track record in food process engineering research and development, particularly of innovative technologies. Currently, he is leading research activities on engineering aspects (e.g., numerical modelling, simulation, process/equipment design, and optimization, as well as scale-up) across a number of innovative food processing technologies, such as high pressure (thermal), pulsed electric field, and ultrasonics/megasonics processing. Kai's work has shown both science impact, with more than 90 peer-reviewed journal publications, conference proceedings and book chapters, 6 patent applications, four edited books, and over 90 oral and 50 poster presentations at national and international conferences, as well as commercial impact in the food industry. His work has also been recognized with various international awards for research excellence. Kai has been an active member of IFT's International Division in the leadership team for a number of years and is past chair of this division. He edited Elsevier’s Innovative Food Processing Technologies: Extraction, Separation, Component Modification and Process Intensification (2016) and two volumes in the Food Science, Technology and Nutrition series: Modeling Food Processing Operations (2015) and The Microwave Processing of Foods (2016). He is also Subject Editor for the “Food Process Engineering” section of Elsevier’s Reference Module in Food Science. He has an h-index of 18.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Project Leader, CSIRO, Australia

Kai Knoerzer

Dr Kai Knoerzer, Research Project Leader, CSIRO, Australia

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Project Leader, CSIRO, Australia

Peter J Fryer

Professor Peter Fryer is a Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Birmingham, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK