Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Methods in Toxicology, Vol. 2

1st Edition - May 21, 1993

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  • Editors: Lawrence H. Lash, Dean P. Jones
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483218618

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Description

Methods in Toxicology, Volume 2: Mitochondrial Dysfunction provides a source of methods, techniques, and experimental approaches for studying the role of abnormal mitochondrial function in cell injury. The book discusses the methods for the preparation and basic functional assessment of mitochondria from liver, kidney, muscle, and brain; the methods for assessing mitochondrial dysfunction in vivo and in intact organs; and the structural aspects of mitochondrial dysfunction are addressed. The text also describes chemical detoxification and metabolism as well as specific metabolic reactions that are especially important targets or indicators of damage. The methods for measurement of alterations in fatty acid and phospholipid metabolism and for the analysis and manipulation of oxidative injury and antioxidant systems are also considered. The book further tackles additional methods on mitochondrial energetics and transport processes; approaches for assessing impaired function of mitochondria; and genetic and developmental aspects of mitochondrial disease and toxicology. The text also looks into mitochondrial DNA synthesis, covalent binding to mitochondrial DNA, DNA repair, and mitochondrial dysfunction in the context of developing individuals and cellular differentiation. Microbiologists, toxicologists, biochemists, and molecular pharmacologists will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Introduction: Criteria for Assessing Normal and Abnormal Mitochondrial Function

    Section I Systems for Study of Mitochondrial Dysfunction

    1. Mitochondrial Isolation from Liver and Kidney: Strategy, Techniques, and Criteria for Purity

    2. Mitochondrial Isolation from Brain: Strategy, Techniques, and Criteria for Purity

    3. Intact Rat Brain Mitochondria from a Single Animal: Preparation and Properties

    4. Study of Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Dysfunction

    5. Small-Scale Preparation of Skeletal Muscle Mitochondria and Its Application in the Study of Human Disease

    6. Metabolic Control Analysis as a Method to Assess Mitochondrial Dysfunction

    Section II Assessment of Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Vivo and in Organ Systems

    7. Commentary: Methods for in Vivo Assessment of Mitochondrial Function 98

    8. Noninvasive Assessment of Mitochondrial Function by Breath Analysis Using Ketoisocaproic Acid

    9. Absorption Spectroscopy for Assessment of Mitochondrial Function in Vivo

    10. Analysis of Mitochondrial Function by Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Intact Tissues

    11. Phosphorus-31 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in the Study of Mitochondrial Metabolism

    12. Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Ischemic Organs

    13. Screening for Mitochondrial Cytopathy: The Subanaerobic Threshold Exercise Test

    Section III Assay of Mitochondrial Structural Integrity

    14. Morphometry of Mitochondria: Size, Internal Structure, Subcellular Distribution, and Three-Dimensional Reconstruction

    15. Megamitochondria

    16. Redox Status and Mitochondrial Inner Membrane Permeability

    Section IV Mitochondrial Metabolism and Bioactivation and Detoxification Systems

    17. Assessment of Mitochondrial Glutathione as a Measure of Cell Injury

    18. Experimental Manipulation of Mitochondrial Glutathione Concentrations

    19. Determination of Flux, Activity, and Activity State of Mitochondrial α-Keto Acid Dehydrogenase Complexes

    20. Regulation of Oxygen Uptake in the Liver Lobule by Oxygen Tension

    21. Generation of Reactive Oxygen Metabolites and Oxidative Damage in Mitochondria: Role of Calcium

    22. Fatty Acid Metabolism and Reye's Syndrome

    23. Antioxidative Function of Vitamin Ε and Ubiquinols

    24. Mitochondrial NADPH

    25. Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Metabolism by Mitochondrial Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase: A Cell Model for Pathological Studies

    Section V Mitochondrial Energetics and Transport Processes

    26. Identification of Mitochondrial Dysfunction at Coupling Site I: Loss of Activity of NADH-Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase during Myocardial Ischemia

    27. Identification of Mitochondrial Dysfunction at Coupling Site II

    28. Cellular Calcium and Mitochondrial Dysfunction

    29. Chronic Alcoholism and the Mitochondrial FoFi-ATP Synthase

    30. Mitochondrial Pyrophosphate Metabolism in Health and Disease

    31. Toxic Effects of Calcium on Mitochondria

    32. Calcium and the Regulation of Intramitochondrial Dehydrogenases

    33. Use of Fluorescent Probes to Monitor Mitochondrial Membrane Potential in Isolated Mitochondria, Cell Suspensions, and Cultured Cells

    Section VI Genetic and Developmental Approaches to Study of Mitochondrial Dysfunction

    34. Commentary: Genetic Approaches to Mitochondrial DNA Diseases of Oxidative Phosphorylation

    35. Developmental Aspects of Mitochondrial Dysfunction

    36. Mitochondrial DNA Synthesis

    37. Covalent Binding of Reactive Intermediates of Xenobiotics to Mitochondrial DNA

    38. Mitochondrial DNA Repair and Cell Injury

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1993
  • Published: May 21, 1993
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483218618

About the Editors

Lawrence H. Lash

Dean P. Jones

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