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Mitochondria - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780125441735, 9780080489377

Mitochondria, Volume 80

2nd Edition

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Editors: Liza Pon Eric Schon
Hardcover ISBN: 9780125441735
eBook ISBN: 9780080489377
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 10th April 2007
Page Count: 944
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Table of Contents

Isolation and Subfractionation of Mitochondria

  1. Isolation and Subfractionation of Mitochondria in Animal Cells
  2. Purification and Subfractionation of Mitochondria from the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  3. Isolation and Subfractionation of Mitochondria from Plants

Biochemical Assays of Mitochondrial Activity 4. Biochemical Assays of Respiratory Chain Complex Activity 5. Polarographic Assays of Respiratory Chain Complex Activity 6. Optical Imaging Techniques (Histochemical, Immunohistochemical and In Situ Hybridization Staining Methods) to Visualize Mitochondria 7. Assay of Mitochondrial ATP Synthesis in Animal Cells and Tissues 8. Measurement of the Ratio of Lactate to Pyruvate in Skin Fibroblast Cultures 9. Assays of Fatty Acid ƒÒ-Oxidation Activity 10. Biochemical Assays for Mitochondrial Activity: Assays of TCA Cycle Enzymes and PDHc 11. Assays of Cardiolipin Levels 12. Measurement of VDAC Permeability in Intact Mitochondria and in Reconstituted Systems 13. Methods for Studying Fe/S Cluster Protein Maturation in Yeast Mitochondria

Assays for Mitochondrial Respiratory Activity and Permeability in Living Cells 14. Imaging of Mitochondrial Polarization and Depolarization with Cationic Fluorophores 15. Biosensors for the Detection of Calcium and pH 16. Measurement of Membrane Permeability and the Permeability Transition of Mitochondria 17. Luciferase Expression for ATP Imaging: Application to Cardiac Myocytes

Oxidative Stress Measurements 18. Measurement of Reactive Oxygen Species in Cells and Mitochondria 19. Measurements of the Antioxidant Enzyme Activities of Superoxide Dismutase, Catalase, and Glutathione Peroxidase 20. Methods for Measuring the Regulation of Respiration by Nitric Oxide 21. Methods for Determining the Modification of Protein Thiols by Reactive Lipids

Mitochondrial Genes and Gene Expression 22. Detection of Mutations in mtDNA 23. Diagnostic Assays for Defects in mtDNA Replication and Transcription in Yeast and Humans 24. Microdissection and Analytical PCR for the Investigation of mtDNA Lesions 25. Transmitochondrial Technology in Animal Cells 26. Genetic Transformation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii Mitochondria 27. Generation of Transmitochondrial Mice: Development of Xenomitochondrial Mice to Model Neurodegenerative Diseases 28. In vivo and In organello Analysis of Mitochondrial Translation Assays for Mitochondrial Morphology and Motility 29. Visualization of Mitochondria in Budding Yeast 30. Visualization and Quantification of Mitochondrial Dynamics in Living Animal Cells 31. Cell-Free Assays for Mitochodnrial-Cytoskeletal Interactions 32. Assays to Measure Mitochondrial Fusion In Vitro and the GTPase Activity of Mitochondrial Fission Proteins

Methods to Determine Protein Localization to Mitochondria 33. Electrophoretic Methods to Isolate Protein Complexes from Mitochondria 34. Analysis of Protein-Protein Interactions in Mitochondria 35. Analysis and Prediction of Mitochondrial Targeting Signals 36. Import of Proteins into Mitochondria

Appendices Appendix 1: Basic Properties of Mitochondria Appendix 2: Direct and Indirect Inhibitors of Mitochondrial ATP Synthesis Appendix 3: Linearized Maps of Mitochondrial Genomes from Representative Organisms Appendix 4: Mitochondrial Genetic Codes in Various Organisms Appendix 5: Gene Products Present in Mitochondria of Yeast and Animal Cells Appendix 6: Changes in the Mitochondrial Transcriptome and Proteome Under Various Stresses and Growth Conditions


Description

This book provides an update on the step-by-step "how to" methods for the study mitochondrial structure, function, and biogenesis contained in the successful first edition. As in the previous edition, the biochemical, cell biological, and genetic approaches are presented along with sample results, interpretations, and pitfalls from each method.

Readership

Researchers and graduate students in cell biology, developmental biology, and genetics. Academic and research libraries, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, and private research facilities.


Details

No. of pages:
944
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2007
Published:
10th April 2007
Imprint:
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
9780125441735
eBook ISBN:
9780080489377

Ratings and Reviews


About the Editors

Liza Pon

Liza A. Pon, PhD, is a Professor of Pathology and Cell Biology and the Institute of Human Nutrition, and Director of the Confocal and Specialized Microscopy Shared Resource at Columbia University. As a PhD student at Tufts University, she carried out the first characterization of a protein now known as StaR, steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, which mediates transfer of cholesterol within mitochondria during steroid hormone biosynthesis. As a post-doctoral scientist with Gottfried (Jeff) Schatz at the University of Basel, she studied the mechanism of import of proteins into mitochondria. Dr. Pon joined Columbia University in 1990 and has been there ever since. Her research focuses on mitochondrial motility, dynamics, quality control and interactions with other organelles, and how these processes affect cell cycle progression, cellular fitness and lifespan. Recent studies in the laboratory focus on mechanisms for detection and removal of unfolded and damaged proteins not just in mitochondria but also in the ER in models of aging and disease.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Pathology and Cell Biology and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University

Eric Schon

Eric A. Schon, PhD, is the Lewis P. Rowland Professor of Neurology (in Genetics and Development) at Columbia University. After graduating Columbia University with a B.S. in Chemical Engineering, he spent 10 years as a Technical Brand Manager for the Procter & Gamble Company in Cincinnati, OH. After leaving P&G, he received a PhD in Biological Chemistry from the University of Cincinnati, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship at the Harvard Medical School. He moved to Columbia as an Associate Research Scientist in 1984, and has been there ever since. Dr. Schon's laboratory studies the molecular genetics of neurological and neuromuscular diseases, with particular focus on mitochondrial disorders. The research has two principal goals: (1) to use the tools of molecular and cell biology in order to gain insight into the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of these devastating diseases, and (2) to build on this knowledge in order to ask more fundamental biological questions relating to nuclear-mitochondrial communication, mitochondrial biogenesis, and mtDNA plasticity. Most recently, the laboratory has become interested in understanding the structural and functional relationships between mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Neurology (in Genetics and Development), Columbia University