Mississippian Settlement Patterns - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126506402, 9781483220246

Mississippian Settlement Patterns

1st Edition

Studies in Archeology

Editors: Bruce D. Smith
eBook ISBN: 9781483220246
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th September 1978
Page Count: 536
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Description

Studies in Archeology: Mississippian Settlement Patterns explains the cultural organization of many of the prehistoric societies in the Eastern United States during the last 1000 years of their existence.

This book emphasizes the difference between the central core of Mississippian societies and those peripheral societies that preceded its development. Readers are advised to begin the examination of this compilation by reading Chapter 16 first, followed by Chapters 8 to 13 and 15, in order to understand the variations of patterning among societies that are commonly regarded as nascent or developed Mississippian. The rest of the chapters analyze cultural groups on the West, North, and Northeast that are not Mississippian societies, including a discussion of late prehistoric societies that are in some ways divergent but are sometimes regarded as Mississippian.

This publication is valuable to archeologists, historians, and researchers conducting work on Mississippian societies.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Foreword

1 Steed-Kisker: A Western Mississippian Settlement System I

Natural Setting

Settlement Patterning

Conclusions

Research Goals

References

2 Oneota Settlement Patterns in Eastern Wisconsin: Some Considerations of Time and Space

Environmental-Topographic Setting

Data Collection

Proposed Models of Oneota Settlement Patterns

Proposed Models of Oneota Settlement Systems

The Directions of Future Research

References

3 Analysis of Late Mississippian Settlements on Ossabaw Island, Georgia

The Irene Phase

Research Universe

Data Collection

Analysis

The Settlement Hierarchy

Conclusions

Future Research

References

4 Fort Walton Settlement Patterns

Regional Chronology

Historical Background

Regional Settlement Patterns: A Synthetic Model

Future Research

References

5 Mississippian Settlement Patterns in the Appalachian Summit Area: The Pisgah and Qualla Phases I

Background

Environment

Mississippian Cultural Phases

Form and Function of Individual Structures

Arrangement and Functional Interrelationships of Structures Forming a Settlement

Arrangements and Interrelationships of Settlements Across the Landscape

Summary and Interpretations

Recommendations for Future Research

References

6 Fort Ancient Settlement: Differential Response at a Mississippian-Late Woodland Interface I

General Background of Fort Ancient

Development of a Theoretical Framework

Fort Ancient Settlement Patterns

An Alternative Model of Fort Ancient Development

Fort Ancient Subsistence

The Fort Ancient System(s)

Conclusions

References

7 Caddoan Settlement Patterns in the Arkansas River Drainage I

The Arkansas Valley Caddoan

The Study Area

History of Investigations

Settlement Pattern Controls

Basic Site Types

Critical Resources

Civic Ceremonial Centers

Rank Size

Spacing of Civic-Ceremonial Centers

Settlement Patterns and Environment

Conclusions

References

8 The Settlement Pattern of the Powers Phase I

Powers Phase Research: Background

Environmental Setting

The Location of Powers Phase Sites Relative to Elevation, Soil Types, and Proximity to Major and Minor Ecotones

The Powers Phase Site Survey

The Range of Site Size in the Powers Phase

The Spatial Distribution of Powers Phase Sites

Internal Features on Powers Phase Sites

Intersite and Intrasite Variation

Powers Phase Settlement System Analysis

Future Research Goals

References

9 Missippian Settlement Patterns in the Central Illinois River Valley I

Environmental-Topographic Setting

Survey Methodology

The Regional Settlement Pattern in Broad Perspective

Internal Site Patterning and the Larson Community

Discussion

Some Research Goals for the Future

References

10 The Kincaid System: Mississippian Settlement in the Environs of a Large Site I

Environment

Research Orientation

Survey Methodology

Settlement Pattern

Internal Site Patterning

Settlement System Analysis

Research Goals for the Future

References

11 Mississippian Settlement Pattern in Southwestern Indiana I

Background and History

The Angel and Caborn-Welborn Phases

Settlement Patterns

Preliminary Models of Mississippian Settlement Patterns in Southwestern Indiana 322

Summary and Prospects

References

12 Late Prehistoric Settlement Patterning in the Yazoo Basin and Natchez Bluffs Regions of the Lower Mississippi Valley I

Background

Systems of Late Prehistoric Settlement Patterning

Summary

References

13 Determinants of Settlement Size and Location in the Moundville Phase I

Moundville Phase Sites and Settlements

Physiography and Biogeography of Moundville Phase Sites

Locational Analysis: The Black Warrior Sites

Soils and Site Locations in the Black Warrior River Valley

Moundville Phase Settlements: A Summary

References

14 Location Theory and Complex Chiefdoms: A Mississippian Example I

Complex Chiefdoms: Organization, Tribute, Political Centers

A Locational Model for Chiefly Centers

The Model Applied: The Moundville Phase

Departure from the Model: Flow of Tribute in Relation to Distance from Moundville

Summary

References

15 Cahokia and the American Bottom: Settlement Archeology I

The American Bottom

American Bottom Chronology

The Cahokia Site: Settlement Organization

American Bottom Settlements

Alternative Models

Future Research

References

16 Variation in Mississippian Settlement Patterns I

The Adaptive Niche of Mississippian Populations

Mississippian Settlement Patterning

Suggestions for Future Research

References

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
536
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1978
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483220246

About the Editor

Bruce D. Smith