Mississippian Settlement Patterns - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126506402, 9781483220246

Mississippian Settlement Patterns

1st Edition

Studies in Archeology

Editors: Bruce D. Smith
eBook ISBN: 9781483220246
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th September 1978
Page Count: 536
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Studies in Archeology: Mississippian Settlement Patterns explains the cultural organization of many of the prehistoric societies in the Eastern United States during the last 1000 years of their existence.

This book emphasizes the difference between the central core of Mississippian societies and those peripheral societies that preceded its development. Readers are advised to begin the examination of this compilation by reading Chapter 16 first, followed by Chapters 8 to 13 and 15, in order to understand the variations of patterning among societies that are commonly regarded as nascent or developed Mississippian. The rest of the chapters analyze cultural groups on the West, North, and Northeast that are not Mississippian societies, including a discussion of late prehistoric societies that are in some ways divergent but are sometimes regarded as Mississippian.

This publication is valuable to archeologists, historians, and researchers conducting work on Mississippian societies.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


1 Steed-Kisker: A Western Mississippian Settlement System I

Natural Setting

Settlement Patterning


Research Goals


2 Oneota Settlement Patterns in Eastern Wisconsin: Some Considerations of Time and Space

Environmental-Topographic Setting

Data Collection

Proposed Models of Oneota Settlement Patterns

Proposed Models of Oneota Settlement Systems

The Directions of Future Research


3 Analysis of Late Mississippian Settlements on Ossabaw Island, Georgia

The Irene Phase

Research Universe

Data Collection


The Settlement Hierarchy


Future Research


4 Fort Walton Settlement Patterns

Regional Chronology

Historical Background

Regional Settlement Patterns: A Synthetic Model

Future Research


5 Mississippian Settlement Patterns in the Appalachian Summit Area: The Pisgah and Qualla Phases I



Mississippian Cultural Phases

Form and Function of Individual Structures

Arrangement and Functional Interrelationships of Structures Forming a Settlement

Arrangements and Interrelationships of Settlements Across the Landscape

Summary and Interpretations

Recommendations for Future Research


6 Fort Ancient Settlement: Differential Response at a Mississippian-Late Woodland Interface I

General Background of Fort Ancient

Development of a Theoretical Framework

Fort Ancient Settlement Patterns

An Alternative Model of Fort Ancient Development

Fort Ancient Subsistence

The Fort Ancient System(s)



7 Caddoan Settlement Patterns in the Arkansas River Drainage I

The Arkansas Valley Caddoan

The Study Area

History of Investigations

Settlement Pattern Controls

Basic Site Types

Critical Resources

Civic Ceremonial Centers

Rank Size

Spacing of Civic-Ceremonial Centers

Settlement Patterns and Environment



8 The Settlement Pattern of the Powers Phase I

Powers Phase Research: Background

Environmental Setting

The Location of Powers Phase Sites Relative to Elevation, Soil Types, and Proximity to Major and Minor Ecotones

The Powers Phase Site Survey

The Range of Site Size in the Powers Phase

The Spatial Distribution of Powers Phase Sites

Internal Features on Powers Phase Sites

Intersite and Intrasite Variation

Powers Phase Settlement System Analysis

Future Research Goals


9 Missippian Settlement Patterns in the Central Illinois River Valley I

Environmental-Topographic Setting

Survey Methodology

The Regional Settlement Pattern in Broad Perspective

Internal Site Patterning and the Larson Community


Some Research Goals for the Future


10 The Kincaid System: Mississippian Settlement in the Environs of a Large Site I


Research Orientation

Survey Methodology

Settlement Pattern

Internal Site Patterning

Settlement System Analysis

Research Goals for the Future


11 Mississippian Settlement Pattern in Southwestern Indiana I

Background and History

The Angel and Caborn-Welborn Phases

Settlement Patterns

Preliminary Models of Mississippian Settlement Patterns in Southwestern Indiana 322

Summary and Prospects


12 Late Prehistoric Settlement Patterning in the Yazoo Basin and Natchez Bluffs Regions of the Lower Mississippi Valley I


Systems of Late Prehistoric Settlement Patterning



13 Determinants of Settlement Size and Location in the Moundville Phase I

Moundville Phase Sites and Settlements

Physiography and Biogeography of Moundville Phase Sites

Locational Analysis: The Black Warrior Sites

Soils and Site Locations in the Black Warrior River Valley

Moundville Phase Settlements: A Summary


14 Location Theory and Complex Chiefdoms: A Mississippian Example I

Complex Chiefdoms: Organization, Tribute, Political Centers

A Locational Model for Chiefly Centers

The Model Applied: The Moundville Phase

Departure from the Model: Flow of Tribute in Relation to Distance from Moundville



15 Cahokia and the American Bottom: Settlement Archeology I

The American Bottom

American Bottom Chronology

The Cahokia Site: Settlement Organization

American Bottom Settlements

Alternative Models

Future Research


16 Variation in Mississippian Settlement Patterns I

The Adaptive Niche of Mississippian Populations

Mississippian Settlement Patterning

Suggestions for Future Research


Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1978
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Bruce D. Smith

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