Mineral Nutrition of Animals

Mineral Nutrition of Animals

Studies in the Agricultural and Food Sciences

1st Edition - January 28, 1982

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  • Authors: V. I. Georgievskii, B. N. Annenkov, V. T. Samokhin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483162720

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Mineral Nutrition of Animals reviews the research on the mineral nutrition of animals. This book explores the biological function and metabolism of minerals in the body, as well as mineral feeding of various species of farm animals. Topics range from water metabolism and mineral composition of feeds to the physiological role of macroelements such as calcium and potassium and microelements such as iron and copper. This text is comprised of 16 chapters; the first of which provides a historical overview of the science of mineral feeding of animals; mineral elements and their function in animal nutrition; and mineral feeding of animals under industrial conditions. The chapters that follow present general information on minerals, describe the link between biogeochemical regions and biochemical ecology, and analyze the factors affecting the mineral composition of animals' bodies. The reader is also introduced to water metabolism and the water requirements of animals; the metabolism of minerals absorbed into the digestive tract; and the kinetics of mineral metabolism in the blood, organs, and tissues. The next section is devoted to mineral feeding of various species of farm animals such as cattle, sheep, pigs, and poultry. This text concludes by looking at methods of controlling the adequacy of farm animals' mineral diet. This book will be of interest to students and practitioners in agriculture and food science.

Table of Contents

  • I The Biological Function and Metabolism of Minerals in the Body

    1 Fundamental Concepts. History of the Problem

    Mineral Elements and Their Function in Animal Nutrition

    Mineral Feeding of Animals under Industrial Conditions

    Historical Résumé of the Science of Mineral Feeding of Animals

    2 General Information on Minerals

    Classification of Minerals

    Connection between Physicochemical Properties of Minerals and Their Biological Activity

    The Principal Functions of Minerals

    Interaction of Minerals with each Other and with Other Nutrients

    Methods of Studying the Mineral Metabolism of Animals

    3 Biogeochemical Regions. Mineral Composition of Feeds

    Relationship between the Chemical Composition of the Animal and the Environment

    Biogeochemical Regions and Biochemical Ecology

    Mineral Composition of Feed Plants

    4 Mineral Composition of Bodies and Tissues of Animals

    Ash and Its Composition

    Mineral Composition of Animals' Bodies and Factors Affecting It

    Mineral Composition of Tissues

    Mineral Composition of Livestock Products

    5 Water Metabolism and the Animal's Requirements

    Basic Functions of Water and Water Distribution in the Body

    The Content of Water in the Body and Its Distribution among Individual Organs

    Water Migration and Water Balance in the Body

    Results of Water Deficiency

    Water Requirements of Animals

    6 The Physiological Role of Macroelements



    Regulation of Calcium-Phosphorus Metabolism



    Sodium and Chlorine


    7 The Physiological Role of Microelements









    8 Mineral Metabolism in the Digestive Tract

    Intake of Minerals into the Digestive Tract

    Sites of Absorption and Excretion of Minerals in the Digestive Tract

    Physicochemical Properties of the Chyme. Forms of Mineral Compounds Found in the Digestive Tract

    Endogenous Losses, Apparent and Actual Assimilation of Minerals

    9 Kinetics of Mineral Metabolism in Blood

    Kinetics of the Metabolism of Radioactive Elements in Blood after a Single Introduction into the Digestive Tract

    Kinetics of Metabolism of Radioactive Isotopes after Single Intravenous Injection

    10 Kinetics of Mineral Metabolism in Organs and Tissues

    Kinetics of Calcium Metabolism

    Kinetics of Phosphorus Metabolism

    Kinetics of Magnesium Metabolism

    Kinetics of Sodium Metabolism

    Kinetics of Zinc Metabolism

    Kinetics of Manganese Metabolism

    Kinetics of Iodine Metabolism

    Kinetics of Molybdenum Metabolism

    Kinetics of Copper Metabolism

    II Mineral Feeding of Various Species of Farm Animals

    11 Methods of Determination of the Requirements of Farm Animals for Minerals

    Factorial Method for Determination of Animals' Mineral Requirements

    Balance Tests

    Practical Feeding Trials

    Analysis of Organs, Tissues and the Whole Body of Animals

    Indirect Methods of Determination of the Mineral Requirements of Animals

    12 Mineral Feeding of Cattle

    Basis for Official Norms for Mineral Feeding of Cattle

    Mineral Feeding of Young Cattle

    Mineral Feeding of Cows

    Mineral Feeding and Reproductive Capacity of Cattle

    13 Mineral Feeding of Sheep

    Determination of Mineral Feeding Norms

    Effectiveness of Mineral Mixtures in Sheep Feeding

    Mineral Requirements of Sheep

    14 Mineral Feeding of Pigs

    Determination of Mineral Feeding Norms

    Recommended Mineral Norms for Pigs

    Effectiveness of Using Microelement Mixtures in Pig Feeding

    15 Mineral Feeding of Poultry

    Typical Features of Mineral Metabolism of Poultry

    Requirements of Poultry for Minerals and Methods of Meeting Them

    Calcium, Phosphorus and Magnesium

    Sodium, Potassium and Chlorine


    Iron, Copper and Cobalt

    Zinc and Manganese

    Molybdenum and Selenium


    16 Methods of Controlling the Adequacy of the Mineral Diet of Farm Animals

    Control of Mineral Adequacy of Feedstuffs

    Control of Mineral Metabolism in the Animal's Body


    Notes Added in Proof to the English Edition


Product details

  • No. of pages: 488
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1982
  • Published: January 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483162720

About the Authors

V. I. Georgievskii

B. N. Annenkov

V. T. Samokhin

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