I. Introduction and an Overview. 1. Natural resources - definitions and classifications. 2. The role of natural resources and their uniqueness. 3. The availability and uses of mineral and energy resources. II. Utilization of Mineral Resources. 4. Resource scarcity and resource conservation. 5. Economic feasibility studies in mineral and energy industries. 6. Optimal recovery design for a depletable mineral deposit. 7. Societal vs. private interest economic evaluation. III. Current Issues in Mineral Economics. 8. Industrial organization in the mineral industries. 9. Location and spatial aspects of extractive activities. 10. International investment and trade in mineral materials and products. 11. Mineral production and the environment. IV. Case Study and Appendices. 12. Optimizing a depletable mine design, Rio Blanco latiritic nickel deposit. Appendices.