Millets and Pseudo Cereals

Millets and Pseudo Cereals

Genetic Resources and Breeding Advancements

1st Edition - September 20, 2020

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  • Editors: Mohar Singh, Salej Sood
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128204054
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128200896

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Description

Millets and Pseudo Cereals is the first comprehensive resource to focus on the potential crop improvements through genetic enhancements. The choice of food crop for a region is primarily determined by the conditions of climate and soil. Once labelled as orphan crops, millets and pseudo-cereals are now known as miracle grains due to their adaptation to harsh conditions and high nutritional quality. Small millets and pseudo-cereals are now seen to occupy special niches through their ability to adapt to challenging conditions. These crops have a comparative advantage in marginal lands where they withstand stress conditions and contribute to sustainable production. They also contribute to the diversity-richness and production stability of agro-ecosystems. Millets include sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, barnyard millet, little millet and kodo millet while the other group which are not cereals but consumed as cereals and generally referred as pseudo-cereals comprises of grain amaranths, buckwheat and chenopods. Millets and Pseudo Cereals presents current information on the genetic architecture of important economic traits and the genomic resources for gene enabled breeding. This compilation contains information on the global status, available germplasm resources, nutritional value, breeding advancements, genomics applications and sustainability of agriculture through millets and pseudo-cereals cultivation. This book is a valuable resource for those conducting research and exploring new areas for advancing crop genetic understanding.

Key Features

  • Explores the current challenges of pseudo-cereal production and how that can be overcome by developing genetic and breeding resources using appropriate germplasm
  • Provides holistic information on millets and pseudo-cereals
  • Features global perspectives from an international contributing team of authors

Readership

Food Science, Agriculture, Food Security, Cereal and Grain Science

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION

    Salej Sood and Mohar Singh

    Chapter 2: GLOBAL PRODUCTION, DEMAND AND SUPPLY

    Ajay Kumar Chandra, Rahul Chandora, Salej Sood and Nikhil Malhotra

    Chapter 3: GENETIC RESOURCES: COLLECTION, CHARACTERIZATION, CONSERVATION AND DOCUMENTATION

    D C Joshi, R P Meena and Rahul Chandora

    Chapter 4: ORIGIN, DOMESTICATION AND SPREAD

    R.P. Joshi, A.K. Jain, Nikhil Malhotra and Madhulata Kumari

    Chapter 5:

    Chapter 6: MOLECULAR ADVANCEMENTS FOR YIELD AND QUALITY

    Lalit Arya, Monika Singh, Manjusha Verma, Mamta Singh, Supriya Babasaheb Aglawe

    Chapter 7: BIOTIC STRESSES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT

    A Nagaraja, B.S. Chethna, and A.K. Jain

    Chapter 8: DROUGHT ADAPTATION: APPROCHES FOR CROP IMPROVEMENT

    Y.A. Nanja Reddy, Y.N. Priya Reddy, V. Ramya, L.S. Suma, A.B. Narayana Reddy and S. Sanjeev Krishna

    Chapter 9: NUTRITIONAL QUALITY AND HEALTH BENEFITS

    N.G. Malleshi, Aparna Agarwal, Apoorv Tiwari and Salej Sood

    Chapter 10: PROCESSING, VALUE ADDITION AND HEALTH BENEFITS

    Krishan Datt Sharma, Babita Sharma and Harpreet Kaur Saini

    Chapter 11: POLICY ANALYSIS AND STRATEGIES

    B. Dayakar Rao, Dinesh TM, Anuradha and Sri Devi Nune

Product details

  • No. of pages: 218
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2020
  • Published: September 20, 2020
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128204054
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128200896

About the Editors

Mohar Singh

Dr Mohar Singh has made an outstanding contribution in the management of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture in India. His research interest reflects a continuum of high quality basic and strategic research in pulses. He has developed 3 core sets, 2 reference sets, registered 4 genetic stocks, 25 gene sequences, 06 farmer varieties and 2 lentil varieties developed through distant hybridization for rainfed areas of north-western Indian himalaya. Conducted 10 explorations on crop wild relatives (CWRs) and explored >900 wild germplasm of cereals, oilseeds and pulses. He is instrumental to initiate pre-breeding in chickpea and lentil in India for securing national nutritional demand. His pioneer research work on understanding the population structure and diversity assessment of global wild species of lentil and chickpea is very well known. This has led to the identification of most target gene sources in the secondary and tertiary gene pool of chickpea and lentil for biofortification of cultivated varieties including several yield and major biotic and abiotic stress related traits were successfully incorporated in cultivated backgrounds of these two important pulse crops. Successful deployment of marker assisted breeding for introgression of two most promising superior haplotypes with high seed weight and high pod number from cultivated and wild species into high yielding varieties of chickpea for improving their overall yield and productivity. Dr Singh has a distinguished record of high quality peer research publications to his credit including scientific reports, DNA Research, Plant Science, Frontiers in Plant Science, PLOS ONE, Plant Breeding, Crop Science, Euphytica, Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Journal of Experimental Biology, Plant Genetic Resources of Cambridge, Journal of Genetics, Journal of Environmental Biology, Advances in Hort Science, Journal of Genetics and Breeding, and Indian J. Genet. He is recipient of Harbhajan Memorial Award.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Scientist, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources Regional Station, Shimla, India

Salej Sood

Dr Salej Sood has made significant contributions in the genetic improvement of small millets and pseudo-cereals through conventional and molecular breeding approaches for the past 9 years. In finger millet he has developed six early and medium maturing, blast resistant high yielding varieties for all finger millet growing states of the country. He characterized the global finger millet and barnyard millet germplasm for agronomic and nutritional traits and registered one genetic stock with high calcium content. He identified new SSRs through cross-transferability studies for genetic diversity and association mapping in both finger millet and barnyard millet. He has identified putative SSRs governing blast resistance in finger millet for the first time. Through genotyping by sequencing of finger millet diverse collection, he for the first time identified SNPs linked to grain yield and its components, calcium content and protein content. He worked in several DST and ICAR funded projects for genetic improvement of small millets. He has also contributed in the potato breeding programme through marker assisted selection of parental lines and selection of hybrids for multiple disease resistance. He is recipient of NAAS associateship 2019, Endeavour Research Fellowship 2018 and several Institutional and other research awards. He has published more than 60 research papers in peer reviewed high rating journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

ICAR Central Research, Shimla, India

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