MID-INFRARED FIBER PHOTONICS

MID-INFRARED FIBER PHOTONICS

Glass Materials, Fiber Fabrication and Processing, Laser and Nonlinear Sources

1st Edition - November 25, 2021

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  • Editors: Stuart Jackson, Real Vallee, Martin Bernier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128180181
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128180174

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Description

Mid-Infrared Fibre Photonics: Glass Materials, Fibre Fabrication and Processing, Laser Sources and Devicess combines the latest glass chemistry, fibre fabrication and post processing techniques to provide a comprehensive reference on the fundamental science and latest research in fibre photonics for the mid-infrared range. The book systematically reviews the key glass materials systems including fluorides, chalcogenides, and oxides. Each materials chapter includes discussion of composition, structure, thermal, optical and mechanical properties, extrinsic and intrinsic loss mechanisms, materials preparation and purification techniques. Then Mid-Infrared Fibre Photonics: Glass Materials, Fibre Fabrication and Processing, Laser Sources and Devicess covers the most relevant fabrication, post-processing, and spectroscopy techniques. Fibre sources are also addressed including fibre sources for continuous wave emission, pulsed emission, and broadband emission. The book concludes with a brief overview of important medical, sensing and defence applications.

Key Features

  • Systematic coverage of the most relevant materials for mid-infrared fibre photonics including discussion of composition, structure, thermal, optical and mechanical properties, loss mechanisms, materials preparation and purification techniques
  • Reviews the key fabrication and processing techniques of mid-infrared fibre technologies
  • Addresses the important medical, sensing and defence applications

Readership

Materials Scientists and Engineers, Physicists, those working in manufacturing, suitable for academics and R&D

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • References
  • Part I: Optical glasses and fibers for high nonlinearity, rare earth doping and high transparency in the mid-infrared
  • Chapter 1: Chalcogenide materials for mid-wave infrared fibers
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Introduction
  • 1.2: Chalcogenide glass materials and properties
  • 1.3: Processing challenges and opportunities
  • 1.4: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Fluoride glass and optical fiber fabrication
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Fluoride glass family
  • 2.2: Fluoride glass optical fiber fabrication
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Oxide glass and optical fiber fabrication
  • Abstract
  • 3.1: Fundamentals of heavy metal oxide (HMO) glasses
  • 3.2: Brief history and overview of HMO glasses
  • 3.3: Composition-structure relationships of HMO glasses
  • 3.4: Impact of glass composition and structure on basic glass properties
  • 3.5: Transmission loss of HMO glasses
  • 3.6: Dehydration of HMO glasses
  • 3.7: Recent development of HMO glass/fibers
  • 3.8: Conclusions
  • References
  • Part II: Post-processing of mid-infrared transparent optical fiber
  • Chapter 4: Fiber Bragg gratings in soft glass fibers
  • Abstract
  • 4.1: General introduction
  • 4.2: Phase-mask inscription
  • 4.3: Direct inscription
  • 4.4: General conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Post-processing soft glass optical fibers
  • Abstract
  • 5.1: Splicing and endcapping of soft glass fibers
  • 5.2: The tapering of optical fibers
  • 5.3: Beam combining/splitting methods
  • 5.4: Moth eye patterning of IR fibers
  • 5.5: General conclusions
  • References
  • Part III: Spectroscopy of the rare earth ions for mid-infrared emission
  • Chapter 6: Energy transfer processes in rare-earth-doped glass fiber
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Introduction
  • 6.2: The types of energy transfer processes
  • 6.3: Theory of energy transfer
  • 6.4: Experimental studies
  • 6.5: Conclusion and summary
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Spectroscopy of the rare-earth-ion transitions in fluoride glasses
  • Abstract
  • 7.1: Introduction
  • 7.2: Emission center wavelengths below 3 μm
  • 7.3: Emission center wavelengths between 3 and 4 μm
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Breaking through the wavelength barrier: The state-of-play on rare-earth ion, mid-infrared fiber lasers for the 4–10 μm wavelength region
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 8.1: Mid-infrared (MIR) region and need for MIR fiber lasers to break through 4 μm wavelength barrier
  • 8.2: Realizing MIR fiber lasers beyond the 4 μm wavelength barrier: Introduction and background
  • 8.3: Glass science and technology of chalcogenide glasses
  • 8.4: Making lanthanide-ion doped chalcogenide bulk glasses
  • 8.5: Making lanthanide-ion-doped chalcogenide glass small-core, step-index fiber (SIF)
  • 8.6: Optical loss in lanthanide-ion doped MIR chalcogenide glasses
  • 8.7: Photoluminescent fiber – Toward MIR fiber lasers: Pr3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Sm3+
  • 8.8: How to break through the 4 μm wavelength barrier to fiber lasing
  • 8.9: Chapter summary and future work
  • References
  • Part IV: Fiber sources for continuous wave emission
  • Chapter 9: High-power continuous wave mid-infrared fluoride glass fiber lasers
  • Abstract
  • 9.1: Introduction
  • 9.2: Erbium transitions in the MIR
  • 9.3: Holmium transitions in the MIR
  • 9.4: Dysprosium transitions in the MIR
  • 9.5: Conclusion
  • References
  • Part V: Fiber sources involving pulsed emission
  • Chapter 10: Q-switched and gain-switched mid-infrared fluoride glass fiber lasers
  • Abstract
  • 10.1: Q-switched fiber lasers
  • 10.2: Gain-switched fiber lasers
  • 10.3: Overall conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Mode-locked mid-infrared fiber systems
  • Abstract
  • 11.1: Introduction
  • 11.2: Measurement tools
  • 11.3: Early mode-locked mid-IR fiber lasers
  • 11.4: State of the art: Picosecond systems
  • 11.5: State of the art: Femtosecond systems
  • 11.6: Future directions
  • 11.7: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation
  • Abstract
  • 12.1: History and introduction
  • 12.2: Supercontinuum physics
  • 12.3: Optical fiber design considerations
  • 12.4: Nonlinear generation schemes
  • 12.5: Applications
  • 12.6: Summary and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Modeling mid-infrared fiber laser systems
  • Abstract
  • 13.1: Introduction
  • 13.2: Rate equation modeling
  • 13.3: Thermal modeling
  • 13.4: Ultrafast mode-locked laser modeling
  • 13.5: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 838
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2021
  • Published: November 25, 2021
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128180181
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128180174

About the Editors

Stuart Jackson

Stuart Jackson received the BSc and the BSc(Hons) degrees in 1989 and 1990 respectively from the University of Newcastle (Australia). In 1990, he joined the Centre for Lasers and Applications at Macquarie University to undertake research toward the PhD degree, which he received in 1996. In 1995, he joined the Laser Photonics Group at the University of Manchester and initiated the research there into high power fibre laser development. In 1999 he joined the Optical Fibre Technology Centre at the University of Sydney where he became a Senior Research Fellow and Technical Manager of silicate fibre fabrication. In 2009 he joined the School of Physics at the University of Sydney as a Queen Elizabeth II Fellow funded by the Australia Research Council. In 2014 he joined Macquarie University’s School of Engineering. His interests include diode-pumped solid-state lasers, spectroscopy, nonlinear optics and integrated optics.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Engineering, Macquarie University, Australia

Real Vallee

Dr. Réal Vallée is a full Professor in the Department of Physics, Engineering Physics, and Optics at Université Laval, Québec, Canada. His interests include mid-Infrared sources and components, laser-matter interaction and photo-inscribed integrated photonic devices.

Affiliations and Expertise

Full Professor, Department of Physics, Engineering Physics, and Optics, Université Laval, Québec, Canada

Martin Bernier

Dr. Martin Bernier is a professor in the Department of Physics, Engineering Physics, and Optics at Université Laval, Québec, Canada. His interests include Bragg gratings inscribed by femtosecond lasers in various transparent materials as well as the development of Bragg grating-based fiber lasers and sensors.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Physics, Engineering Physics, and Optics, Université Laval, Québec, Canada

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