Description

Microirrigation has become the fastest growing segment of the irrigation industry worldwide and has the potential to increase the quality of food supply through improved water fertilizer efficiency. This book is meant to update the text "Trickle Irrigation, Design, Operation and Management". This text offers the most current understanding of the management criteria needed to obtain maximum water and fertilization efficiency.

Key Features

* Presents a detailed explanation of system design, operation, and management specific to various types of MI systems * Analyzes proper use of irrigation technology and its effect to increase efficiency * Provides an understanding to the basic science needed to comprehend operation and management * Over 150 figures of designs and charts of systems including, surface drip, subsurface drip, spray/microsprinkler, and more

Readership

Researchers in crop science, agronomy, irrigation studies, food science, and environmentalists.

Table of Contents

I. MICROIRRIGATION THEORY AND DESIGN PRINCIPLES CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. DEFINITION 1.2. HISTORY AND CURRENT STATUS 1.2.1. Early History Worldwide 1.2.2. Early History in United States 1.2.3. Current Irrigated Area 1.2.4. Principal Crops Utilizing Microirrigation 1.2.5. Trends 1.2.6. Economics 1.2.7. Expansion in Developing Countries 1.3. GENERAL PRINCIPLES 1.3.1. Advantages 1.3.1.1. Increased water use efficiency 1.3.1.1.1. Improved crop yields and quality 1.3.1.1.2. Reduced nonbeneficial use 1.3.1.1.3. Reduced deep percolation 1.3.1.2. Use of saline water 1.3.1.3. Improved fertilizer and other chemical application 1.3.1.4. Decreased energy requirements 1.3.1.5. Improved cultural practices 1.3.1.6. Use of biological effluent and treated wastewaters 1.3.2. Disadvantages 1.3.2.1. Extensive maintenance requirements 1.3.2.2. Salt accumulation near plants 1.3.2.3. Restricted root development 1.3.2.4. High system costs 1.3.2.5. Restricted crop rotation 1.3.3. System Considerations 1.3.3.1. Design and installation considerations 1.3.3.2. Maintenance considerations 1.3.3.3. Management considerations 1.3.3.4. Economic considerations 1.3.3.4.1. System costs 1.4. SYSTEM COMPONENTS 1.4.1. Emission Devices 1.4.2. Distribution System 1.4.3. Control and Automation 1.4.4. Filtration 1.5. SYSTEM TYPES 1.5.1. Surface Drip Irrigation 1.5.2. Subsurface Drip Irrigation 1.5.3. Bubbler Irrigation 1.5.4. Microsprink

Details

No. of pages:
642
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2007
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Electronic ISBN:
9780080465814
Print ISBN:
9780444506078
Print ISBN:
9780444559210