Microgrid Cyberphysical Systems

Microgrid Cyberphysical Systems

Renewable Energy and Plug-in Vehicle Integration

1st Edition - June 14, 2022

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  • Editors: Bidyadhar Subudhi, Pravat Kumar Ray
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323999106

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Microgrid Cyberphysical Systems: Renewable Energy and Plug-in Vehicle Integration outlines the fundamental concepts on microgrid system design and control in a cyberphysical framework, focusing on the integration of renewables and EVs into microgrids. Including operational, control and management perspectives, the volume aims to optimize the reliability and economic performance of microgrids, focusing on power quality, storage and voltage and frequency control. The work encompasses generation, transmission, protection and load management under uncertainty and discusses critical drivers in robustness, uncertainty and sustainability management. Focusing on applied implementations, chapters are supported by detailed methods, heavy figurative explication, and comparative and integrative analysis. Case studies range across chapters. In addition, chapters are supported by representative experimental or test bed validations of proposed algorithms or methods which can be directly applied to reader problems.

Key Features

  • Provides advanced controller methodologies to efficiently optimize the operation of microgrids with high levels of connected renewable generators and electric vehicles
  • Explores powerful approaches for the prevention of cyberattacks in microgrid systems
  • Addresses design issues for power quality filters suitable for microgrid robustness, uncertainty and sustainability handling
  • Includes field-tested methods, heavy case studies and an implementation focus with supporting experimental or test bed validations of proposed algorithms or methods in MATLAB


Early career researchers through faculty members across electrical and computer engineering, communications, control and automation, and smart grids. Power engineers focusing on power quality and microgrid integration, and computer scientists focusing on cyber security design and machine learning

Table of Contents

  • 1. Smart Grid as a Cyber Physical System (Josep M. Guerrero, Aalborg University, Denmark)

    1.1 Microgrid and Smart Grid as CPS: An Overview

    1.2 Operation Modes of microgrid

    1.3 Communication system in microgrid

    1.4 Challenges for novel hybrid AC/DC grid architecture

    1.5 Modeling of Smart Grid Cyber Physical System

    1.6 Implementation of smart grid in some countries / Real time existing Microgrid

    2 Integration of Renewables and Plug-in Electric Vehicles to Microgrid (Prof. Ghanim Putrus, Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK)

    2.1 Distributed Energy Resources: An Overview  

    2.2 Distributed Generation and grid integration

    2.3 Power Electronic Converters and their integration

    2.4 Bidirectional Power transfer protocols

    3 Forecasting of solar irradiance to address intermittency and variability nature of Renewable energy (Prof. Bidyadhar Subudhi, Indian Institute of Technology Goa, India)

    3.1 Solar Irradiance Forecasting: An Overview

    3.2 Methods of solar irradiance forecasting

    3.3 MPPTs for PV power extraction

    3.4 Impacts of High penetrations of DC generators such as PV and battery energy storages on future power system

    3.5 Intelligent generation control considering the load capacities and solar irradiance forecasting model

    3.6 Sensitivity based control of active and reactive power for voltage regulation in presence of EV charging stations and PV.

    3.7 Coordination and control of Charging and Phase Switching of Plug-in Electric Vehicles in Low Voltage distribution networks with high PV penetrations

    4 Control of PV and EV connected Smart Grid (Prof. Bidyadhar Subudhi, Indian Institute of Technology Goa, India)

    4.1 EVs in the Smart Grid: An Overview

    4.2 EVs and PHEVs current scenario analysis and technological aspects

    4.3 Fundamentals of EV charging, status, new control and latest developments

    4.4 Effects of high penetration of EVs into current power system

    4.5 Real time model for PHEVs charging station

    4.6 Primary, secondary and tertiary control of PV and EV connected to smart grids

    4.7 Distributed Cooperative Control of a Cyber Physical Multi Agent System for power electronic control of PV-EV connected Microgrid

    4.8 Regulation of voltages and frequency of hybrid AC/DC Microgid with disturbances such as disturbances from switching, fluctuations of irradiance, temperature and loads.

    4.9 Case studies

    5 Control scheme of Charging Control of Plug-in Electric Vehicles and Effects on forecasting electricity price (Prof. Akshay Kumar Rathore, Concodia University, Canada)

    5.1 PHEV charging control and price: An Overview

    5.2 Microgrid economics

    5.3 Fundamental of battery charging/discharging, battery management and battery health

    5.4 SoH, SOC of the EV battery: Simulation and real time implementation

    5.5 State of Charge (SOC) estimation of EV battery to ensure fast and secure charging

    5.6 Optimal Charging Strategies of Plug-in Electric Vehicles for Minimizing Load Variance Within Smart Grids

    6 Power Management of PV and EV connected smart Grid (Prof. Sanjib Kumar Panda, National University of Singapore, Singapore)

    6.1 Demand response management: An Overview

    6.2 Adaptive Demand Response Management (DRM) for microgrids to maximize the economic benefit and system reliability

    6.3 Supply side management to overcome the issues with intermittent PV generation using EV and energy exchange.

    6.4 Smart Energy Management with solar PV Forecasting for optimal EV charging

    6.5 Practical examples on effects of bidding of price, electrical tariff and PV penetration on electrical pricing market

    6.6 Optimization of power management scheme considering minimization of net cost of microgrid, which includes cost of purchased electricity from grid and degradation costs of stationary battery

    6.7 Challenges for market based operations such as reliability, stability and responsibility of future power system with integration of Renewables and EV

    7 Advanced Hybrid Energy Storage Systems (HESS) with Solid State Transformer (SST) interface for improving reliability of Microgrid. (Prof. Wu Fengjiang, Harbin Institute of Technology, China)

    7.1 HESS with SST: An Overview

    7.2 Advanced Hybrid Energy Storage Systems (HESS) and its performance over current hybrid energy systems

    7.3 Battery energy storage systems

    7.4 Risk analysis on cyber security in Smart Grid

    7.5 Intelligent building energy management and information system (iBEMIS) for Smart building in a smart grid

    8 Active Power Filtering in microgrid (Prof. Bhim Singh, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India)

    8.1 APF in microgrids: An Overview

    8.2 Power quality and its importance in Microgrid

    8.3 Active power filter schemes through Power electronic converters: Basics, reviews, simulation and hardware implementation

    8.4 Control schemes in UPQC for power quality improvement in Renewables integrated Microgrid

    9 Protection schemes in Microgrid (Prof. Abhisek Ukil, The University of Auckland, New Zealand)

    9.1 Microgrid protection schemes: An Overview

    9.2 Power system protection and Microgrid protection

    9.3 PMUs fundamentals

    9.4 PMUs for fault analysis

    10 Networked Control and Internet of Things (IoT) applications to Microgrid (Prof. Wei Jen Lee, University of Texas at Arlington, USA)

    10.1 Networked Control and IOT in microgrids: An Overview

    10.2 SCADA and other supervisory control system

    10.3 Networked Control in Smart Grids

    10.4 Intelligent Systems in Microgrids

    10.5 IoT applications to Microgrids: A real time simulation

Product details

  • No. of pages: 298
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: June 14, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323999106

About the Editors

Bidyadhar Subudhi

Bidyadhar Subudhi received the Bachelor Degree in Electrical Engineering from National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India, Master of Technology in Control & Instrumentation from Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India in 1988 and 1994 respectively and Ph.D. degree in Control System Engineering from Univ. of Sheffield in 2003. He was a post doc in the Dept of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore in 2005. He authored/co-authored 130 research papers, 3 books and 12 book and book chapters. Currently he is a professor in the School of Electrical Science at Indian Institute of Technology Goa, India. He is a Senior Member of IEEE, Fellow IET and Fellow of INAE. His research interests include system and control, PV and Microgrid Control and Active power filtering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor in the School of Electrical Science at Indian Institute of Technology Goa, India

Pravat Kumar Ray

Pravat Kumar Ray received the B.E. degree in Electrical Engineering from Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology Sarang, Odisha, India, in 2000, the M.E. degree in Electrical Engineering from Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Howrah, India, in 2003, and the Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering from National Institute of Technology (NIT) Rourkela, Rourkela, India, in 2011. He was also a Postdoctoral Fellow at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore during Jan. 2016 to June 2017. He is currently serving as an Associate Professor, Electrical Engineering in NIT Rourkela. He has guided 8 Ph.D. theses. He works on several sponsored R&D projects. He authored/co-authored 100 research papers. His research interests include Estimation & Filtering in Power System, Power system operation and control, Power Quality, Hybrid AC/DC Micro-grids, Smart Grid, Solar irradiance forecasting, Renewable Integration

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela (NIT Rourkela), Rourkela, Odisha, India

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