Microemulsions Theory and Practice - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125657501, 9780323160407

Microemulsions Theory and Practice

1st Edition

Editors: Leon Prince
eBook ISBN: 9780323160407
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th August 1977
Page Count: 192
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Description

Microemulsions: Theory and Practice covers the development of the theory and practice of microemulsion systems. This book is divided into seven chapters that explore the physics and chemistry of microemulsions. This book deals first with the commercial history of microemulsions, from the discovery of carnauba wax emulsions to polymer emulsions. This topic is followed by discussions on the theoretical aspects of microemulsion formulation techniques and the design of other products. The subsequent chapter describes the microemulsion formulation with less solubilizer or emulsifier together with their optical properties. A chapter examines the mixed film theory that explains the dispersions, oil-water interface, and inferences in microemulsions. Another chapter considers the role of microemulsions in micellar solutions and their relations to the concentrations of different compounds. This chapter also looks into the association phenomena of three-component phase equilibria diagrams and liquids crystals to microemulsions. The concluding chapter discusses the role of the capillary and hydrostatic forces on the entrapment of oil in the reservoir and the necessary conditions for the displacement of entrapped oil. The important properties and economic aspects of a microemulsion slug required for the tertiary oil recovery are also covered in this chapter.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

1 Schulman's Microemulsions

I. Introduction

II. Microemulsions of Commerce

III. Physical Properties

IV. Definitions

Reference

2 Commercial History

I. Introduction

II. Carnauba Wax Emulsions

III. Cutting Oils

IV. Pine Oil Emulsions

V. Flavor Emulsions

VI. Pesticide Emulsions

VII. Emulsion Polymers

VIII. Other Systems

References

3 Formulation

I. Introduction

II. Mechanics

III. Choice of Emulsifiers

IV. Emulsifiable Oils

V. The Impasse

VI. Rheology

References

4 How To Formulate Microemulsions with Less Surfactants

I. Introduction

II. Optical Identification of Microemulsions

III. Relationship between w/o and o/w Microemulsions

IV. Formulating Microemulsions with Less Solubilizer

References

5 The Mixed Film Theory

I. Introduction

II. The Early Years

III. The Bowcott and Schulman Paper

IV. The Oil/Water Interface

V. Complementary Studies

VI. New Approaches

References

6 Microemulsions and Micellar Solutions

I. Stability of Microemulsions, Basic Factors

II. Three- and Four-Component Diagrams

III. W/O Microemulsions

IV. O/W Microemulsions

V. Mixed Film Theory versus Micellar Aspects

VI. Perspectives

References

7 Microemulsion and Tertiary Oil Recovery

I. Introduction

II. Effect of Capillary and Viscous Forces on Residual Oil Saturation and Displacement Efficiency

III. Desirable Physico-Chemical Properties of a Microemulsion Slug

IV. Mobility Control Design for the Microemulsion Process

V. Economic Aspects of the Process

References

Index


Details

No. of pages:
192
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323160407

About the Editor

Leon Prince

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