Microclimate for Cultural Heritage - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780444641069

Microclimate for Cultural Heritage

3rd Edition

Measurement, Risk Assessment, Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments

Authors: Dario Camuffo
Paperback ISBN: 9780444641069
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 28th June 2019
Page Count: 584
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Microclimate for Cultural Heritage: Measurement, Risk Assessment, Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, Third Edition, presents the latest on microclimates, environmental issues and the conservation of cultural heritage. It is a useful treatise on microphysics, acting as a practical handbook for conservators and specialists in physics, chemistry, architecture, engineering, geology and biology who focus on environmental issues and the conservation of works of art. It fills a gap between the application of atmospheric sciences, like the thermodynamic processes of clouds and dynamics of planetary boundary layer, and their application to a monument surface or a room within a museum.

Sections covers applied theory, environmental issues and conservation, practical utilization, along with suggestions, examples, common issues and errors.

Key Features

  • Incorporates research on the effects of climate change from Climate for Culture, the EU funded, five-year project focusing on climate change’s impact on cultural heritage preservation
  • Covers green lighting technology, like LED and OLED, it’s impacts on indoor microclimates, preservation and color rendering
  • Includes a case study on sea level issues and cultural heritage in Venice


Professionals, researchers and students in the field of conservation and restoration of monuments; architects, engineers, and museum and church conservators; cultural heritage conservationists, conservation scientists, restorers, environmental scientists, atmospheric scientists, chemists, physicists

Table of Contents

Part I: Atmospheric Physics Applied to Microclimate Analysis and Conservation
1. Microclimate, Air and Temperature
2A. Theoretical Grounds for Humidity
2B. Humidity and Conservation
3. Parameters to Describe Air Masses and Vertical Motions
4. Radiation and Light
5. Physics of Drop Formation and Micropore Condensation
6. Atmospheric Water and Stone Weathering
7. Atmospheric Stability and Pollutant Dispersion
8. Dry Deposition of Airborne Particulate Matter: Mechanisms and Effects
9. Consequences of the Maxwell–Boltzmann Distribution
10. Climate Change and its Impacts on Preserving Cultural Heritage

Part II: Performing Microclimate Field Surveys
11. Introduction to Field Measurements
12. Measuring Temperature
13. Measuring Humidity
14. Measuring Wind and Indoor Air Motions
15. Measuring Rainfall and Wind-Borne Droplets


No. of pages:
© Elsevier Science 2019
Elsevier Science
Paperback ISBN:

About the Author

Dario Camuffo

Dario Camuffo

Physicist. From 1969 at the National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, where his last position was Research Director. He retired in 2008, he now continues research and teaching as emeritus Associate. Since 1979, he has been lecturer of Environmental Physics and Physics for Conservation at the University of Padua, the Cignaroli Academy of Fine Arts, Verona, the Polytechnic of Milan. For ten years, he was the Co- Director of the European Doctoral Course “Sciences and Materials of the Cultural Heritage”, of the European University Centre for Cultural Heritage, Ravello. His activities are mainly devoted to atmospheric physics applied to the conservation of the cultural heritage and to climate change. He has recovered and studied the earliest regular observations of the Medici Network (1654-1670) and a number of long-term instrumental series starting from the early 17th century. Similarly with written documentary proxies (e.g. chronicles, annals) over the last millennium: he reads fluent Latin, the official language of the Middle Ages and the language of scientific literature up to the French Revolution, Italian, French, English, Spanish, and ancient Greek. The possibility of reading original documents and books is very helpful in recovering data, but also in the interpretation of old recipes or scientific writings. He analyzed the sea level rise in Venice, over the last 500 years after the algae belt marked on the paintings by Canaletto, Bellotto and Veronese, who reproduced precise details with the help of a camera obscura. He was requested by the Holy Father John Paul II to improve the microclimate of Michelangelo's frescoes in the Sistine Chapel, and appointed by UNESCO for the Great Sphinx and Pyramid Plateau, Egypt, Thracian Tombs, the city of Nassebur and the Madara Rider, Bulgaria, all included in the World List of Cultural Heritage (WLCH). He also studied the Leonardo's Last Supper, Milan; the Uffizi Gallery, Florence; the Louvre and the Orangerie Museum, Paris; the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; the Orvieto Cathedral, and many other monuments. Active in standardization for cultural heritage, convenor of two working teams of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee for Cultural Heritage, and vice-president of UNI-Normal (Italian Standardization Body). Member of various international scientific committees (e.g. European Commission, UNESCO, U.S. NAPAP) on the conservation of works of art, environment and climate. He wrote over 300 scientific papers and some books. He leaded many research projects, some fifteen of them funded by the European Commission Directorate General Research and Innovation, and the European Science Foundation (COST).

Affiliations and Expertise

National Research Council, Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Padua, Italy

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