Microclimate for Cultural Heritage

2nd Edition

Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments

Authors: D. Camuffo
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444632968
eBook ISBN: 9780444632982
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 26th November 2013
Page Count: 560
Tax/VAT will be calculated at check-out
Compatible Not compatible
VitalSource PC, Mac, iPhone & iPad Amazon Kindle eReader
ePub & PDF Apple & PC desktop. Mobile devices (Apple & Android) Amazon Kindle eReader
Mobi Amazon Kindle eReader Anything else

Institutional Access


Microclimate for Cultural Heritage: Conservation and Restoration of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, Second Edition, is a cutting-edge, theoretical, and practical handbook concerning microclimate, environmental factors, and conservation of cultural heritage. Although the focus is on cultural heritage objects, most of the theory and instrumental methodologies are common to other fields of application, such as atmospheric and environmental sciences.

Microclimate for Cultural Heritage, Second Edition, is a useful treatise on microphysics and a practical handbook for conservators and specialists in physics, chemistry, architecture, engineering, geology, and biology who work in the multidisciplinary field of the environment, and, in particular, in the conservation of works of art. Part I, devoted to applied theory, is a concise treatise on microphysics, which includes a survey on the basic ideas of environmental diagnosis and conservation. The second part of the book focuses on practical utilization, and shows in detail how field surveys should be performed, with many suggestions and examples, as well as some common errors to avoid.

Key Features

  • Presents updated scientific and technological findings based on the novel European standards on microclimate and cultural heritage
  • Includes the latest information on experimental research on environmental factors and their impact on materials, such as the behavior of water and its interactions with cultural heritage materials
  • Contains case studies of outdoor and indoor microclimate conditions and their effects, providing ideas for readers facing similar problems caused by heat, water, radiation, pollution, or air motions
  • Covers instruments and methods for practical applications to help readers understand, to observe and interpret observations, and avoid errors


cultural heritage conservationists, restorers, curators, environmental scientists, atmospheric scientists, chemists, physicists

Table of Contents

Preface to the First Edition (1998)

Preface to the Second Edition (2014)

Foreword to the First Edition (1998)

Reviews to the First Edition (1998)

Il Nuovo Cimento Vol. 22, no. 1, p. 121 (1999)

2 Studies in Conservation Vol. 45, no.2, p. 143 (2000)

3 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 111, p. 309 (2002)




The Author

Part I: Atmospheric Physics Applied to Microclimate Analysis and Conservation

Chapter 1. Microclimate, Air and Temperature


1.1 Microclimate

1.2 Air, Water Vapour, Perfect and Real Gases

1.3 Temperature

1.4 Mechanisms of Temperature Degradation

1.5 Temperature in a Building, a Room

1.6 Temperature in a Showcase

1.7 Is it Possible to Combine People Comfort, Conservation Needs and Sustainability?

1.8 Monitoring Air Temperature to Study Air–Surface Interactions and for Environmental Diagnostics


Chapter 2A. Theoretical Grounds for Humidity


2A.1 Partial Pressure of Water Vapour

2A.2 Derivation of the Latent Heat

2A.3 Mixing Ratio of Water Vapour and Dry Air

2A.4 Specific Humidity

2A.5 Absolute Humidity

2A.6 Relative Humidity

2A.7 Dew Point: The Temperature of Condensation

2A.8 Frost Point: The Temperature of Freezing

2A.9 Wet Bulb Temperature: The Temperature of Evaporation

2A.10 The Psychrometric Chart


Chapter 2B. Humidity and Conservation


2B.1 Air–Surface Interactions and Environmental Diagnostics

2B.2 The Equilibrium Moisture Content and Dimensional Changes in Wood

2B.3 Mechanisms of Humidity Degradation in Paper and Parchment

2B.4 Biological Habitat

2B.5 Metals, Pipe Organs and Other Materials

2B.6 What is the Best Microclima


No. of pages:
© Elsevier Science 2014
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Author

D. Camuffo

Physicist. From 1969 at the National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, where his last position was Research Director. He retired in 2008, he now continues research and teaching as emeritus Associate. Since 1979, he has been lecturer of Environmental Physics and Physics for Conservation at the University of Padua, the Cignaroli Academy of Fine Arts, Verona, the Polytechnic of Milan. For ten years, he was the Co- Director of the European Doctoral Course “Sciences and Materials of the Cultural Heritage”, of the European University Centre for Cultural Heritage, Ravello. His activities are mainly devoted to atmospheric physics applied to the conservation of the cultural heritage and to climate change. He has recovered and studied the earliest regular observations of the Medici Network (1654-1670) and a number of long-term instrumental series starting from the early 17th century. Similarly with written documentary proxies (e.g. chronicles, annals) over the last millennium: he reads fluent Latin, the official language of the Middle Ages and the language of scientific literature up to the French Revolution, Italian, French, English, Spanish, and ancient Greek. The possibility of reading original documents and books is very helpful in recovering data, but also in the interpretation of old recipes or scientific writings. He analyzed the sea level rise in Venice, over the last 500 years after the algae belt marked on the paintings by Canaletto, Bellotto and Veronese, who reproduced precise details with the help of a camera obscura. He was requested by the Holy Father John Paul II to improve the microclimate of Michelangelo's frescoes in the Sistine Chapel, and appointed by UNESCO for the Great Sphinx and Pyramid Plateau, Egypt, Thracian Tombs, the city of Nassebur and the Madara Rider, Bulgaria, all included in the World List of Cultural Heritage (WLCH). He also studied the Leonardo's Last Supper, Milan; the Uffizi Gallery, Florenc

Affiliations and Expertise

National Research Council, Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Padua, Italy