Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases

2nd Edition

Microbiological Aspects and Risks

Editors: Steven Percival Marylynn Yates David Williams Rachel Chalmers Nicholas Gray
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124158467
eBook ISBN: 9780124159761
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 25th November 2013
Page Count: 696
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Description

The second edition of Microbiology of Waterborne Diseases describes the diseases associated with water, their causative agents and the ways in which they gain access to water systems. The book is divided into sections covering bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Other sections detail methods for detecting and identifying waterborne microorganisms, and the ways in which they are removed from water, including chlorine, ozone, and ultraviolet disinfection.

The second edition of this handbook has been updated with information on biofilms and antimicrobial resistance. The impact of global warming and climate change phenomena on waterborne illnesses are also discussed. This book serves as an indispensable reference for public health microbiologists, water utility scientists, research water pollution microbiologists environmental health officers, consultants in communicable disease control and microbial water pollution students.

Key Features

  • Focuses on the microorganisms of most significance to public health, including E. coli, cryptosporidium, and enterovirus
  • Highlights the basic microbiology, clinical features, survival in the environment, and gives a risk assessment for each pathogen
  • Contains new material on antimicrobial resistance and biofilms
  • Covers drinking water and both marine and freshwater recreational bathing waters

Readership

Researchers in infectious disease, microbiology, public health workers, and water and wastewater treatment engineers.

Table of Contents

Preface

Dedication

Contributors

Part One: Introduction

Chapter One. Pathogens in Water and Biofilms

Abstract

Introduction

Biofilm Formation and Pathogen Adhesion to Biofilms

Factors Influencing Biofilm Formation

Growth in Biofilms

How Pathogens Enter Water and How Much Biofilm They See

Prevalence of Pathogens in Water Biofilms

Detachment: Biofilms as Sources of Pathogens

Advantages of Living in a ‘City’

Survival

Ecology

Risk and Infectivity of Biofilm-Associated Pathogens

Conclusions

References

Part Two: Bacteriology

Chapter Two. Acinetobacter

Abstract

Basic Microbiology

Natural History

Metabolism and Physiology

Clinical Features

Survival in the Environment

Evidence for Growth in a Biofilm

Methods of Detection

Antimicrobial Control

Risk Assessment

References

Chapter Three. Aeromonas

Abstract

Basic Microbiology

Natural History

Metabolism and Physiology

Clinical Features

Survival in the Environment

Evidence for Growth in a Biofilm

Methods of Detection

Antimicrobial Control

Risk Assessment

References

Chapter Four. Campylobacter

Abstract

Basic Microbiology

Natural History

Metabolism and Physiology

Clinical Features

Survival in the Environment

Evidence for Growth in a Biofilm

Methods of Detection

Antimicrobial Control

Risk Assessment

References

Chapter Five. Cyanobacteria

Abstract

Basic Microbiology

Natural History

Metabolism and Physiology

Clinical Features

Pathogenicity and Virulence

Survival in the Environment

Evidence for

Details

No. of pages:
696
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124159761
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124158467

About the Editor

Steven Percival

Professor Steven L. Percival holds a PhD in medical microbiology and biofilms, a BSc in Applied Biological Sciences, Postgraduate Certificate in Education, diploma in Business Administration, an MSc in Public Health and an MSc in Medical and Molecular Microbiology. He is also a fellow of the Institute of Biomedical Science and Institute of Biology. Early in his career, Steven held R&D positions for over 3 years at The British Textile Technology Group Plc, followed then by 6 years as a senior university lecturer in medical microbiology and later the positions of Chief Scientific Officer and Director of R and D at Aseptica, Inc., and senior clinical fellowships at the Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, and Leeds Teaching Hospitals Trust, Leeds, United Kingdom. More recently, Steven held senior R&D manager positions at Bristol Myers Squibb, ConvaTec, Advanced Medical Solutions PLC and also held an honorary Professorship of Microbiology at West Virginia University. In 2011, Steven joined ScapaHealthcare PLC as Vice President of Global Healthcare R&D and was awarded an honorary Professorship at The University of Liverpool, UK. He has written over 260 scientific publications and conference abstracts on water microbiology, biofilms, antimicrobials, and infection control and has authored or edited six textbooks on biofilms and microbiology and provided over 100 presentations on biofilms and public health worldwide.

Affiliations and Expertise

Leeds Teaching Hospitals, UK

Marylynn Yates

Marylynn V. Yates is Professor of Environmental Microbiology and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of California, Riverside. She serves as Dean of the College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, and is Chair of the University of California Global Health Institute’s Education Committee. Dr. Yates holds a B.S. in Nursing from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, an M.S. in Chemistry from the New Mexico Institute of Mining & Technology, and a Ph.D. in Microbiology from the University of Arizona. Her research interests include characterizing and predicting the fate and transport of human enteric pathogenic microorganisms in soils, water, and wastewater; development of methods for rapid, sensitive detection of infective enteric viruses in water samples; human pathogen considerations associated with wastewater reuse and biosolids application to land; and the use of indicators for predicting pathogen occurrence and behavior in the environment. Dr. Yates serves as an editor for Applied & Environmental Microbiology, as a member of the Water Science & Technology Board of the National Research Council, and on the USEPA’s Science Advisory Board Drinking Water Committee. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, the American Academy of Microbiology, and a National Associate of the National Academies of Science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Environmental Sciences University of California, Riverside, USA

David Williams

Dr. Williams currently leads the Oral Microbiology Group based at the School of Dentistry, at Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK. Since Dr. Williams’ first degree (Cardiff University), he has worked in the pharmaceutical industry, food microbiology and as an academic researcher. Having completed a PhD at the School of Dentistry in Cardiff on the immunopathogenesis of oral candidosis, Dr. Williams’ research has continued within Cardiff University and primarily focuses within the field of Clinical Microbiology with an emphasis on studies involving microbial biofilms. Dr. Williams’ research encompasses investigating biofilm susceptibility to antimicrobial agents, expression of virulence factors such as hydrolytic enzyme production, adhesion, and microbial modulation of innate immune responses. Of particular interest has been research into the development of biomaterials (e.g. silicone rubber, acrylic, titanium) to inhibit biofilm formation on medical devices. Dr. Williams is a previous recipient of the Senior Colgate Award (British Society for Oral and Dental Research) and the International Hatton Award (The International Association for Dental Research).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Oral Microbiology, School of Dentistry, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, Wales, UK

Rachel Chalmers

Dr. Rachel Chalmers is the director of the Cryptosporidium Reference Unit, Public Health, Wales. Her research includes evaluation of new laboratory methods for Cryptosporidium detection, diagnosis, typing and subtyping, epidemiology and seroepidemiology, risk factors, and prevention.

Affiliations and Expertise

Head of the PHLS Cryptosporidium Unit, U.K.

Nicholas Gray

Nick Gray is Professor of Environmental Science at Trinity College Dublin and is a leading academic and researcher in the field of environmental engineering specializing in water and wastewater treatment processes. He has worked closely with the water industry for over 35 years both as a consultant and as a collaborative researcher. He has published a number of books, including Drinking Water Quality (Cambridge University Press), Water Technology (Elsevier), Biology of Wastewater Treatment ( Imperial College Press), The coliform Index and Waterborne Diseases (Spon) and Activated Sludge (Oxford University Press), as well as over 150 research papers. He is the Director of the Water Technology Research Group based in the Centre for the Environment at Trinity College, University of Dublin.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Natural Science Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Reviews

"...highly recommended for academic, medical, and special libraries with relevant programs. The text is well-written and highly understandable, and presents an excellent summary of waterborne pathogens and their relevance to drinking water."--E-STREAMS
"This multi-author book provides current knowledge on drinking water pathogens highlighting their microbiology, clinical features, survival in the environment and risk assessment…This book will serve as a reference material for public health microbiologists, water utility scientists, water pollution research microbiologists, environmental health officers, consultants in communicable disease control, and microbial water pollution students"--CAB Abstracts