Microbial Energy Conversion - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080217918, 9781483139128

Microbial Energy Conversion

1st Edition

The Proceedings of a Seminar Sponsored by the UN Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and the Ministry for Research and Technology of the Federal Republic of Germany Held in Göttingen, October 1976

Editors: H. G. Schlegel J. Barnea
eBook ISBN: 9781483139128
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 646
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Microbial Energy Conversion documents the proceedings of a seminar in Gottingen in October 1976. This book discusses the potential of microorganisms to use solar energy or convert biomass produced by solar energy in such a way that new microbial energy sources can supplement or partially replace conventional sources. This compilation reviews biomass production and elaborates on in detail the microbial processes that are involved in the conversion of the primary biomass—either freshly harvested or disposed of as waste—into energy sources that are similar to hydrogen, methane, propane, gasoline, Diesel oil, methanol, ethanol, or electricity. The microbial processes that contribute to the development of known energy resources, such as mining of low grade ores of copper, zinc, and uranium; reclamation of oil from oil shale; and recovery of conventional and heavy oil and gas, are also deliberated. This text likewise elaborates on the study of photosynthetic enzyme systems, hydrogenase, immobilization of enzymes and pigments on membranes, and construction of artificial photosynthetic units. This book is beneficial to students and researchers conducting work on microbial energy conversion.

Table of Contents

Preface Recommendations Working Group I - Biomass Working Group II - Recycling of Wastes Working Group III - Methane Production Working Group IV - Photo-production of Hydrogen/Purple Membrane Working Group V - Microbial Recovery of Hydrocarbons Working Group VI - Prices of Important Substrates and Economics of Chemical Inter-conversions Members of the Workings Groups Primary Production of Biomass Biomass Production of Intensively Managed Forest Ecosystems Biomass Production in Terrestrial Ecosystems Primary Production of Biomass in Freshwater with Respect to Microbial Energy Conversion Organic Production Potential of Artificial Upwelling Marine Culture Comparison of Primary Products with Respect to Energy Conversion Methane Formation and Cellulose Digestion Acetate, a Key Intermediate in Methanogenesis The Microbiology of Anaerobic Degradation and Methanogenesis with Special Reference to Sewage Energy Recovery from Sanitary Landfills - A Review Methane from Urban Wastes - Process Requirements Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulosic Materials Heat Treatment for Increasing Methane Yields from Organic Materials Hydrogen Formation Limitation of Microbial H2-formation via Fermentation Phototrophic Microorganisms as Source of Hydrogen and Hydrogenase Formation Hydrogen Formation from Water by Photosynthesis and Artificial Systems Biocatalytic Production of Hydrogen Light-energy Conversion by the Purple Membrane from Halobacterium Halobium Is a Biocatalytic Production of Methanol a Practical Proposition? Reclamation of Hydrocarbons Microbial Formation of Hydrocarbons Microbial Oil Recovery Microbial Oil Shale Extraction Extraction of Metals from Ores by Bacterial Leaching: Present,Status and Future Prospects Engineering, Operation and Economics of Biodigesters Suitability of Methanogenic Substrates, Healt


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© Pergamon 1977
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About the Editor

H. G. Schlegel

J. Barnea

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