Microbial Consortium and Biotransformation for Pollution Decontamination

Microbial Consortium and Biotransformation for Pollution Decontamination

1st Edition - May 26, 2022

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  • Editors: Gowhar Dar, Rouf Bhat, Humaira Qadri, Khalid Hakeem
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323919265
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323918930

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Description

Microbial Consortium and Biotransformation for Pollution Decontamination presents techniques for the decontamination of polluted environs through potential microbes, particularly examining the benefits of its broad applicability, sustainability and eco-friendly nature. Utilizing global case studies to describe practical applications of the technology, the book offers insights into the latest research on advanced microbiological tools and techniques for the remediation of severe pollutants from the environment. Environmental researchers and environmental managers focusing on pollution and decontamination will find both key contextual information and practical details that are essential in understanding the use of microbial technology for combatting pollutants. Recent advancements in the field of NGS (next-generation sequencing) have allowed more detailed genomic, bioinformatics and metagenomic analyses of potential environmentally important microbes that have led to significant breakthroughs into key bio-degradative pathways. With the increase in human activities around the globe, toxic pollutants from multiple sources have contaminated the earth on a large number scale.

Key Features

  • Explores advanced microbiological tools and techniques for the remediation of severe pollutants from the environment
  • Presents practical case studies and examples of the use of microbial technology for decontamination from across the globe
  • Provides insights into key elements of microbiological consortia and their role in decontamination, particularly the impact of these techniques on sustainability, ecology and economy

Readership

Environmental researchers and managers investigating pollution and contaminants, biotechnologists, microbiologists

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • List of contributors
  • About the editors
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • About the book
  • Chapter 1. Threats and consequences of untreated wastewater on freshwater environments
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 What is sewage?
  • 1.3 Contaminant sources of emerging concerns
  • 1.4 Fate of contaminants
  • 1.5 Ecological risk and health assessment of emerging contaminant in untreated water
  • 1.6 Untreated wastewater as a cause of antibiotic resistance
  • 1.7 Impact of wastewater on cities
  • 1.8 Impact of wastewater on industry
  • 1.9 Impact of wastewater on agriculture
  • 1.10 Impact of wastewater on natural bodies of water
  • 1.11 Impact of untreated wastewater on microbial diversity
  • 1.12 Impact of wastewater in aquatic environments
  • 1.13 Biologic hazards in aquatic environments
  • 1.14 Major threats
  • 1.15 Why should wastewater be treated?
  • 1.16 Challenges and opportunities
  • 1.17 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Unraveling a correlation between environmental contaminants and human health
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Environmental toxicology and related human health risks
  • 2.3 The environmental impact of chemical fertilizers and excessive fertilizers on water quality
  • 2.4 Method to reveal the relationship between human body, environment, and emotion data
  • 2.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Effect of wastewater from industries on freshwater ecosystem: threats and remedies
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Saline wastewater: its impact and treatment
  • 3.3 Food-processing industry wastewater
  • 3.4 Leather industry wastewater
  • 3.5 Effluents from petroleum industry
  • 3.6 Plastic industries and micro- and nanoplastic in freshwater ecosystem
  • 3.7 Effect of different wastewater from industries on freshwater organisms
  • 3.8 Remedies to reduce industrial effluents
  • 3.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Credibility on biosensors for monitoring contamination in aquatic environs
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Major sources of water pollution
  • 4.3 Biosensors
  • 4.4 General limitations, challenges, and future prospects of biosensors in wastewater monitoring
  • 4.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Microbial systems, current trends, and future prospective: a systemic analysis
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Microbiology for soil health, environmental protection, and sustainable agriculture
  • 5.3 Future prospects of environmental microorganisms
  • 5.4 Microbial pesticides
  • 5.5 Microorganisms’ impending visions
  • 5.6 Interconnections between plants and soil microorganisms
  • 5.7 Plant acquisition of nutrients: direct uptake from the soil
  • 5.8 Conclusion and remark
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Microbial consortia for pollution remediation—Success stories
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Bioremediation
  • 6.3 Microbial consortia—a multispecialized biological system for bioremediation
  • 6.4 Microbial consortia and degradation of pollutants
  • 6.5 Conclusion and future perspective
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Biological transformation as a technique in pollution decontamination
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Biological transformation
  • 7.3 Biological transformation classes
  • 7.4 Factors influencing biological transformation
  • 7.5 Functional genes implicated in biological transformation
  • 7.6 Enzymes involved in biological transformation
  • 7.7 Nanomaterial biological transformation
  • 7.8 Cometabolic biological transformation
  • 7.9 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Role of polyphosphate accumulating organisms in enhanced biological phosphorous removal
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Natural occurrence of polyphosphate accumulating organisms
  • 8.3 Microbiology of EBPR and polyphosphate accumulating organisms
  • 8.4 Biochemistry of EBPR and phosphate accumulating organism
  • 8.5 EBPR with acetate as a carbon source
  • 8.6 EBPR metabolism with substrates other than acetate
  • 8.7 Enzymes involved in poly P metabolism
  • 8.8 EBPR configurations
  • 8.9 Parameters to consider in EBPR process
  • 8.10 Criteria to monitor effective EBPR process
  • 8.11 Transfer of energy pathway genes in microbial enhanced biological phosphorous removal communities
  • 8.12 Novel and potential EBPR system
  • 8.13 Conclusion and future perspective
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Genetically engineered bacteria: a novel technique for environmental decontamination
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Environmental contaminants
  • 9.3 Genetically engineered bacteria and their construction
  • 9.4 Genetically engineered bacteria for a sustainable environment
  • 9.5 Factors affecting bioremediation from genetically engineered bacteria
  • 9.6 Limitations and challenges of in-field release of genetically engineered bacteria
  • 9.7 Survivability and sustenance of genetically engineered bacteria
  • 9.8 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • References
  • Chapter 10. An eco-friendly approach for the degradation of azo dyes and their effluents by Pleurotus florida
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 White-rot fungi
  • 10.3 Textile dyes
  • 10.4 Scenario of textile dyes utilized in India
  • 10.5 Explication of dyeing process in textile industries
  • 10.6 Hallmarks of wastes effected by the textile industry
  • 10.7 Impact of textile dyes on environment
  • 10.8 Dye decolorization methods
  • 10.9 Oxidative and hydrolytic enzymes of Pleurotus florida used in decolorization of azo dyes
  • 10.10 Factors influencing the dye decolorization
  • 10.11 Toxicity of decolorization products and evaluation methods
  • 10.12 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Endophytic Microbes: Bioremediation of soil contaminants
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Endophytic microbes
  • 11.3 Plant growth-promoting bacteria
  • 11.4 Mechanisms involving endophyte-mediated phytoremediation enhancement
  • 11.5 Functions of endophytes in pollutant bioremediation
  • 11.6 Role of endophytes in plant growth promotion
  • 11.7 Conclusion and future perspective
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Fungi, eukaryotic microorganisms involved in bioremediation of contaminated environments
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Environmental contamination
  • 12.3 Types of environmental contamination
  • 12.4 Bioremediation
  • 12.5 Fungi and its significant role in bioremediation
  • 12.6 Types of fungi involved in bioremediation
  • 12.7 Fungal interactions with microorganisms or superior organisms for bioremediation
  • 12.8 Bioremediation mechanisms developed by fungi
  • 12.9 Fungal genes and enzymes involved in bioremediation
  • 12.10 Conclusion and perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Biosurfactants for the recovery and remediation of oil and petroleum waste
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Biosurfactants in petroleum industries
  • 13.3 Biosurfactants for oil waste treatment and bioremediation
  • 13.4 Biosurfactants as demulsifying agents
  • 13.5 Bioremediation of oil waste and spilling
  • 13.6 Biodegradation of diesel by biosurfactants
  • 13.7 Bioremediation of metal-contaminated sites by biosurfactants
  • 13.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14. Biofilm: a doable microbial continuum for the treatment of wastewater
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Mechanism of biofilm formation
  • 14.3 Biofilm-producing microbes
  • 14.4 Types of biofilm system for wastewater treatment
  • 14.5 Factors affecting biofilm-based wastewater treatment
  • 14.6 Wastewater pollutants remediated by biofilms
  • 14.7 Research paradigm on biofilm
  • 14.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 15. Biotechnology: the sustainable tool for effective treatment of wastewater
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Classification of biodegradation processes
  • 15.3 Factors affecting biodegradation process: an overview
  • 15.4 Bacterial biodegradation and biodecolorization
  • 15.5 Fungal biodegradation and biodecolorization
  • 15.6 Algal biodegradation and biodecolorization
  • 15.7 Future prospectus: an importance
  • 15.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 16. Microbial decontamination: economic and environmental benefits
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Textile industry wastewater
  • 16.3 Treatment of textile industrial effluent
  • 16.4 Decontamination of textile industry effluent via biosorption
  • 16.5 Environmental perspectives
  • 16.6 Conclusion
  • 16.7 Future perspectives
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: May 26, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323919265
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323918930

About the Editors

Gowhar Dar

Dr Dar is an Assistant Professor at Cluster University Srinagar, India. They specialize in environmental sciences, soil ecology, environmental microbiology and environmental biotechnology. They have published 20 research articles and 5 book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Sciences, Sri Pratap College, Cluster University Srinagar, India

Rouf Bhat

Dr. Rouf Ahmad Bhat is working in Cluster University Srinagar (J&K), India in the capacity of Assistant Professor and his specialisation is in Limnology, Toxicology, Phyto-chemistry and Phytoremediation. He is an author of more than 53 scientific articles and 35 book chapters, and has published 18 books with international publishers. Dr. Bhat has worked as an Associate Environmental Expert in World Bank funded Flood Recovery Project and also Environmental Support Staff in Asian Development Bank (ADB) funded development projects. He has received many awards, appreciations and recognitions for his services to the science of water testing, air and noise analysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Renowned Researcher and Instructor in Environmental Sciences, Department of School Education, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Humaira Qadri

Dr. Humaira Qadri Ph. D is actively involved in teaching post-graduate students of Environmental Science for the past ten years in Sri Pratap College Campus, Cluster University Srinagar, J&K, India. She is also head of the Department of Environment and Water Management. A gold medallist at her master’s level, she has earned a number of awards and certificates of merit. Her specialization is in Limnology, Nutrient Dynamics and Phytoremediation. She has published scores of papers in international journals and has more than ten books with national and international publishers. She also has been on the scientific board of various international conferences and holds life memberships of various international organizations.

Affiliations and Expertise

Head of the Department of Environment and Water Management, Sri Pratap College, Cluster University Srinagar, India

Khalid Hakeem

Khalid Rehman Hakeem is a Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science at King Abdulaziz University in Saudi Arabia. He has more than 12 years of experience in plant eco-physiology, biotechnology and molecular biology, medicinal plant research, plant-microbe-soil interactions as well as in environmental studies. He has edited 60 books, authored 65 book chapters, and produced over 120 research publications with international publishers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

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