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Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128237021

Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers

1st Edition

Interactions, Properties, and Application

Editors: Debora Puglia Carlo Santulli Fabrizio Sarasini
Paperback ISBN: 9780128237021
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st November 2021
Page Count: 600
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Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers: Interactions, Properties, and Applications presents the very latest research on lignin biorefinery treatments, production, chemistry, and refining, exploring a range of innovative applications of lignin and lignin-based composites at both the micro and the nanoscale.

The book begins by presenting the latest developments in extraction methods and properties, with topics including methods for value-added microlignin, color characteristics, refining and functionalization, depolymerization for phenolic monomer production, and production of sulphur-free lignin nanoparticles. This is followed by in-depth sections focusing on the preparation of lignin for advanced applications at the microscale, then at the nanoscale, covering a range of areas such as construction, additive manufacturing, food packaging, biomedicine, wood preservation, wastewater treatment, and agriculture.

This valuable resource enables the reader to identify the high added value of a biomass residue and supports possible development and use for mass and niche high impact application sectors. This information is of interest to researchers, scientists, and advanced students, across bio-based polymers and bio-composites, polymer science and engineering, nanomaterials, chemistry, sustainable materials, materials science, and chemical engineering, as well as those in an industrial setting to are looking to utilize bio-based materials in advanced industrial applications.

Key Features

  • Provides detailed information on extraction methods, properties, refining and functionalization, and processes
  • Guides the reader through the preparation of lignin both at the micro and nanoscale, as a filler, a matrix, and in all-lignin composites
  • Takes a design-for-application approach, opening the door to high value application across a range of sectors


Academic: Researchers, scientists, and advanced students, across bio-based polymers and bio-composites, polymer science, nanomaterials, chemistry, sustainable materials, materials science and engineering, and chemical engineering. Industry: Scientists, R&D, and engineers looking to utilize bio-based materials in advanced industrial applications (e.g. construction, additive manufacturing, packaging, biomedical, agriculture)

Table of Contents

Part I: Micro and Nanolignin Extraction and Properties
1. Extraction of microlignin fibers from banana leaves biomass
2. Methods for value-added microlignin extraction
3. Colour characteristics of microlignin
4. Lignin refining and functionalization
5. Lignin depolymerization for phenolic monomers production by sustainable processes
6. Production of sulphur free lignin nanoparticles

Part II: Applications of Lignin at the Microscale
7. Polyurethanes from functionalized lignin building blocks
8. Lignin-based polymers for construction application
9. Lignin as flame retardant in biopolymers
10. Manufacture and application of lignin-based carbon fibers (LCFs) and lignin-based carbon nanofibers (LCNFs)
11. Biobased polymers from chemical modification of lignins
12. Use of lignin as a compatibiliser in natural fibre composites
13. Lignin-based biodegradable composites with enhanced mechanical properties
14. Opportunities and challenges for lignin in the additive manufacturing industry

Part III: Applications of Lignin at the Nanoscale
15. Biorefinery pretreatments and LNP production
16. Metallic, cellulose and lignin nanoparticle hybrids
17. Lignin nanoparticles as antioxidant/antimicrobial organic material in food packaging
18. Lignin nanoparticles for drug delivery/biomedical applications
19. Lignin for dye and metal ion remediation in aqueous systems
20. Lignin nanoparticles in coatings for wood preservation
21. Lignin carbon nanofibers as anode materials
22. Lignin nanodots for bioimaging
23. Lignin nanoparticles as nanocarriers for pesticide/fertilizer delivery
24. Biopolymer/nanolignin films with enhanced toughness


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2021
1st November 2021
Paperback ISBN:

About the Editors

Debora Puglia

Dr. Debora Puglia is a Researcher and Lecturer in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, at the Università degli Studi di Perugia, Italy. Involved in the development and characterization of polymeric, composite and nanocomposite materials, her research interests are related to the study of biodegradable polymers and nanocomposites, thermosetting and thermoplastic matrix composites reinforced with vegetable fibers, nanocomposites reinforced with silica, lignocellulosic and carbon nanostructures. Dr. Puglia has co-edited 1 book, authored 20 book chapters and published more than 150 papers in peer reviewed journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher and Lecturer, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Perugia, Italy

Carlo Santulli

Dr. Carlo Santulli is Associate Professor of Materials Science and Technology at the Università degli Studi di Camerino, where he lectures on materials science and experimentation to industrial designers. His research interests are in composite materials and nanocomposites, natural fibres and sustainable materials, waste upcycling, bio-inspired design and biomimetics. He has around 30 years experience in this field, having worked at the Università di Roma - La Sapienza, JRC Ispra, University of Liverpool, where he got his PhD, University of Nottingham, University of Reading, and Seconda Università di Napoli. He has also been Invited Researcher and Professor at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Ecole des Mines de Saint Etienne, Université de Rouen, Università di Bologna, and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Dr. Santulli has over 200 publications to his name, including a book on biomimetics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Materials Science and Technology, Universita degli Studi di Camerino, Italy

Fabrizio Sarasini

Dr. Fabrizio Sarasini is Assistant Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials and Environment of the Faculty of Civil and Industrial Engineering, at the Sapienza University of Rome. His research interests include the use of plant fibres in biopolymers (biodegradable or from renewable resources) for designing biocomposites with reduced environmental impact, the combination of natural fibres (mineral and vegetal) in hybrid composites for designing sustainable composites for semi-structural applications, the valorization of agro-industrial wastes as fillers in thermoplastic matrices (micro- and nanoscale), and the low and high velocity impact response of composite materials for structural applications. He has more than 90 international peer-reviewed journal papers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials and Environment of the Faculty of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

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