Metal Oxide-Carbon Hybrid Materials

Metal Oxide-Carbon Hybrid Materials

Synthesis, Properties and Applications

1st Edition - March 20, 2022

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  • Editor: Ghenadii Korotcenkov
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128226940
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128227084

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Metal Oxide–Carbon Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications reviews the advances in the fabrication and application of metal oxide–carbon-based nanocomposite materials. Their unique properties make them ideal materials for gas-sensing, photonics, catalysis, opto-electronic, and energy-storage applications. In the first section, the historical background to the hybrid materials based on metal oxide–carbon and the hybridized metal oxide composites is provided. It also highlights several popular methods for the preparation of metal oxide–carbon composites through solid-state or solution-phase reactions, and extensively discusses the materials’ properties. Fossil fuels and renewable energy sources cannot meet the ever-increasing energy demands of an industrialized and technology-driven global society. Therefore, the role of metal oxide–carbon composites in energy generation, hydrogen production, and storage devices, such as rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors, is of extreme importance. These problems are discussed in in the second section of the book. Rapid industrialization has resulted in serious environmental issues which in turn have caused serious health problems that require the immediate attention of researchers. In the third section, the use of metal oxide–carbon composites in water purification, photodegradation of industrial contaminants, and biomedical applications that can help to clean the environment and provide better healthcare solutions is described. The final section is devoted to the consideration of problems associated with the development of sensors for various applications. Numerous studies performed in this area have shown that the use of composites can significantly improve the operating parameters of such devices. Metal Oxide–Carbon Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the science related to metal oxide–carbon composites and how researchers are utilizing these materials to provide solutions to a large array of problems.

Key Features

  • Reviews the fundamental properties and fabrication methods of metal-oxide–carbon composites
  • Discusses applications in energy, including energy generation, hydrogen production and storage, rechargeable batteries, and supercapacitors
  • Includes current and emerging applications in environmental remediation and sensing


Materials Scientists and Engineering. Chemists, Physicists

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • The Metal Oxides Book Series Edited by Ghenadii Korotcenkov
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Volume editor biographies
  • Series editor biography
  • Preface to the volume
  • Preface to the series
  • Section One. Metal oxide-carbon hybrid materials: Synthesis and properties
  • 1. Physical and chemical aspects of metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 1.1. Introduction
  • 1.2. Materials in the nanoscale
  • 1.3. Relevance of the term “nanoparticles”
  • 1.4. Metal oxide-carbon nanocomposites
  • 1.5. Classification of metal oxide/carbon nanocomposites
  • 1.6. Conclusion and future perspectives
  • 2. Metal oxide–carbon composite: synthesis and properties by using conventional enabling technologies
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Specific properties of metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 2.3. General routes for making metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 2.4. Synthesis methods of carbon-based metal oxide composites for supercapacitors
  • 2.5. Synthesis methods of graphene–metal oxide composites for photocatalysis
  • 2.6. Conclusion
  • 2.7. Challenges and synthesis advancement in using conventional enabling technologies for metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 3. Electrical conductivity of metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 3.1. Nature of metal oxide–carbon substrate bindings
  • 3.2. Carbon interfaces for conductive composites with metal oxides
  • 3.3. Synthetic strategies for conductive metal oxide-carbon composites
  • 3.4. Parameters affecting the conductive properties of metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 3.5. Applications and future perspectives of conductive metal oxide–carbon nanocomposites
  • 3.6. Conclusion
  • 4. Photoelectrochemical properties for metal oxide–carbon hybrid materials
  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Photoelectrochemical hybrid materials
  • 4.3. Selection features for photoelectrochemical energy conversion
  • 4.4. Electrical double-layered capacitor and battery hybrid materials
  • 4.5. Metal oxide–carbon hybrid materials for energy conversion and storage
  • 4.6. Materials studied for photocatalysis and photoelectrochemical applications
  • 4.7. Materials studied for electrical double-layered capacitors and batteries
  • 4.8. Conclusions
  • 5. Functionalized multimetal oxide–carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites and their properties
  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Methodology
  • 5.3. Results and discussion
  • 5.4. Conclusion
  • 5.5. Future prospects
  • Section Two. Metal oxide-carbon composites in energy technologies
  • 6. Metal oxide–carbon composites for supercapacitor applications
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Types of supercapacitors
  • 6.3. Carbon-based supercapacitors
  • 6.4. Metal oxide-based supercapacitors
  • 6.5. Transition metal-based supercapacitors
  • 6.6. Rare-earth metal oxide-based supercapacitors
  • 6.7. Synthesis methods and characteristics of metal oxide–carbon composites for supercapacitors
  • 6.8. Challenges and future perspectives of metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 6.9. Conclusion
  • 7. Hierarchical porous carbon-incorporated metal-based nanocomposites for secondary metal-ion batteries
  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Electrode material design for secondary metal-ion batteries
  • 7.3. Metal–air batteries
  • 7.4. Electrode material design
  • 7.5. Opportunities and challenges
  • 7.6. Summary and conclusions
  • 8. Metal oxide–carbon nanofibers based composites for supercapacitors and batteries
  • Abbreviations
  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Metal oxides
  • 8.3. Carbon nanofibers
  • 8.4. Metal oxide–carbon nanofiber based composites
  • 8.5. Synthesis of metal oxide–carbon nanofiber based composites
  • 8.6. Recent research and development: metal oxide–carbon nanofiber based electrodes
  • 8.7. Outlook and future perspectives
  • 9. Metal oxide–carbon composite electrode materials for rechargeable batteries
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Conclusion
  • 10. Two-dimensional transition metal carbide (MXene) for enhanced energy storage
  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. Synthesis and structure
  • 10.3. Energy storage in MXene
  • 10.4. Conclusion and outlook
  • 11. Vanadium oxide–carbon composites and their energy storage applications
  • 11.1. Introduction
  • 11.2. Vanadium oxide–carbon composite applications
  • 11.3. Conclusions
  • Section Three. Metal oxide-carbon composites in biomedical, catalytic, and other applications
  • 12. Metal oxide–carbon composites and their applications in optoelectronics and electrochemical energy devices
  • 12.1. Introduction
  • 12.2. Types of carbon composites
  • 12.3. Why metal oxide–carbon composites?
  • 12.4. Synthesis techniques of metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 12.5. Applications of metal oxide–carbon composites in optoelectronic devices
  • 12.6. Applications of metal oxide–carbon composites in electrochemical energy devices
  • 12.7. Conclusion
  • 13. Graphene oxide–metal oxide composites, syntheses, and applications in water purification
  • 13.1. Overview of graphene oxides and metal oxides
  • 13.2. General routes of graphene oxide–metal oxide composites for wastewater treatment
  • 13.3. Synthesis and specific properties of graphene oxide–metal oxide composites for wastewater treatment
  • 13.4. Water purification methods using graphene oxide–metal oxide composites
  • 13.5. Challenges and future perspective for graphene oxide–metal oxide composites
  • 14. Biomedical applications of metal oxide–carbon composites
  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. Metal oxide nanoparticles
  • 14.3. Carbon-based materials
  • 14.4. Metal oxide–carbon composites: synthesis and biomedical applications
  • 14.5. Conclusions
  • 15. Antimicrobial studies of metal oxide nanomaterials
  • 15.1. Introduction
  • 15.2. Synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles
  • 15.3. Antimicrobial activity of metal oxide nanoparticles
  • 15.4. Proposed mechanisms of antimicrobial activity of metal oxide nanoparticles
  • 15.5. Safety issues
  • 15.6. Stabilization and biocompatibility of metal oxide nanoparticles
  • 15.7. Limitations
  • 15.8. Conclusion
  • 16. Metal oxide–carbon nanotube composites for photodegradation
  • 16.1. Introduction
  • 16.2. Photodegradation
  • 16.3. Photocatalytic ozonation
  • 16.4. Mechanism of photocatalytic ozonation
  • 16.5. Metal oxide–carbon nanotubes for photo-ozonation
  • 16.6. Fenton and photo-Fenton processes
  • 16.7. Metal oxide and carbon-supported nanocatalysts
  • 16.8. Photocatalytic degradation
  • 16.9. Mechanism of photocatalytic oxidation reactions
  • 16.10. Measurement of photocatalytic activity
  • 16.11. Features of a photocatalysts
  • 16.12. Degradation parameters
  • 16.13. Metal oxides and other nanocomposites as potential photocatalysts
  • 16.14. Metal oxide–carbon nanotube nanocomposites
  • 16.15. Conclusion
  • Section Four. Metal oxide-carbonebased sensors
  • 17. Potential carbon nanotube–metal oxide hybrid nanostructures for gas-sensing applications
  • 17.1. Introduction
  • 17.2. Carbon-based nanomaterials
  • 17.3. Types of carbon nanotubes
  • 17.4. Metal oxide nanostructures
  • 17.5. Carbon nanotube–metal oxide hybrid structures and their features
  • 17.6. Gas sensors and their uses
  • 17.7. Conclusions
  • 18. Drug-detection performance of carbon nanotubes decorated with metal oxide nanoparticles
  • 18.1. Introduction
  • 18.2. Carbon-based nanomaterials
  • 18.3. Classification of carbon nanomaterials
  • 18.4. Nanosensors and their types
  • 18.5. Nanosensor application
  • 18.6. Drug molecules and their detection
  • 18.7. Role of zinc oxide–carbon nanotube nanocomposite in morphine detection
  • 18.8. Cerium oxide nanoparticle-decorated carbon nanotubes as an effective platform for acetaminophen
  • 18.9. Efficient electrochemical detection of cetirizine antiinflammatory drug using titanium dioxide–carbon nanotube nanohybrid
  • 18.10. CuCo2O4/nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes for electrochemical sensor for metronidazole detection
  • 18.11. Carbon nanotube–Fe3O4 magnetic composites for electrochemical detection of triclosan
  • 18.12. Nickel oxide/carbon nanotube/PEDOT composite for simultaneous detection of dopamine, serotonin, and tryptophan
  • 18.13. Conclusion
  • 19. Role of functionalized metal oxide–carbon nanocomposites in biomolecule detection
  • 19.1. Introduction
  • 19.2. Detection of biomarkers
  • 19.3. Detection of biomolecules
  • 19.4. Viruses
  • 19.5. Conclusion
  • 20. Metal oxide/carbon nanotube hybrid nanomaterials as ultraviolet photodetectors
  • 20.1. Introduction
  • 20.2. Metal oxide materials
  • 20.3. Photodetectors
  • 20.4. Metal oxide-based hybrid photodetectors
  • 20.5. Carbon nanotube structures and characteristics
  • 20.6. Metal oxide/carbon nanotube hybrid nanomaterials as ultraviolet photodetectors
  • 20.7. Conclusion
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 588
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: March 20, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128226940
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128227084

About the Series Editor

Ghenadii Korotcenkov

Ghenadii Korotcenkov received his Ph.D. in Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Materials and Devices in 1976, and his Doctor Habilitate Degree in Physics and Mathematics of Semiconductors and Dielectrics in 1990. Long time he was a leader of scientific Gas Sensor Group and manager of various national and international scientific and engineering projects carried out in Laboratory of Micro- and Optoelectronics, Technical University of Moldova, supported from International Foundations and Programs such as CRDF, MRDA, IREX, ICTP, INTAS, INCO-COPERNICUS, COST, NATO. From 2007 to 2008, he was an invited scientist in Korean Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon, South Korea. Then, until the end of 2017 Dr. G. Korotcenkov was a research professor at the School of Materials Science and Engineering at Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, South Korea. Currently Dr. G. Korotcenkov is the research professor at the Department of Physics and Engineering at the Moldova State University, Chisinau, the Rep. of Moldova. Specialists from Former Soviet Union know G. Korotcenkov’s research results in the field of study of Schottky barriers, MOS structures, native oxides, and photoreceivers on the base of III-Vs compounds very well. His current research interests include material sciences focused on metal oxides, surface science, and the design of thin film gas sensors and thermoelectric convertors. Dr. G. Korotcenkov is either the author or editor of 39 books, published by Momentum Press, CRC Press, Springer (USA) and Harbin Institute of Technology Press (China). He is the author and coauthor of more than 600 scientific publications, including 30 review papers, 38 book chapters, and more than 200 articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals (h-factor = 42 [Scopus] and h-factor = 51 [Google Scholar citation]). Besides, Dr. G. Korotcenkov is a holder of 17 patents. He has presented more than 250 reports at national and international conferences, including 17 invited talks. Dr. G. Korotcenkov was co-organizer of more than 10 international scientific conferences. Research activities of Dr. G. Korotcenkov are honored by the Prize of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova (2019), an Award of the Supreme Council of Science and Advanced Technology of the Republic of Moldova (2004); Prize of the Presidents of the Ukrainian, Belarus, and Moldovan Academies of Sciences (2003); and National Youth Prize of the Republic of Moldova in the field of science and technology (1980), among others.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Professor, Department of Physics and Engineering, Moldova State University, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

About the Editors

Muhammad Chaudhry

Dr. Muhammad Akram Chaudhry currently serves as assistant professor of chemistry at the Government Associate College, Raiwind (Lahore, Pakistan). He holds his MSc (chemistry) from the Institute of Chemistry, University of the Punjab, Lahore (Pakistan). He taught at the University of Baluchistan, Quetta for 3 years and attended the University of the Punjab, where he completed his MPhil (chemistry). During his stay there, he worked on the spectrophotometric determination of fluoroquinolone drugs and developed a simple and cheap method for their determination. In 2011, he joined Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia, to pursue research work in the field of nanosized ceramic materials and received his doctorate in 2014. His PhD dissertation was on the “Synthesis and Characterization of Ceramic Nanoparticles through Continuous Microwave Flow Synthesis Process.” His current research interest is focused on continuous microwave flow synthesis and the microwave-assisted synthesis of nanostructured materials, including biomaterials and photocatalytic materials. His work also involves probing the properties and applications of nanostructured material in various fields especially in biomedical and electrochemical devices. He is working collaboratively with various research groups and has published more than 35 research articles/book chapters as an author/coauthor in peer-reviewed international SCI-indexed journals with various publishers, such as Elsevier, Springer, IOP, and Wiley, with an h-index of 16 and ~1003 citations.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Government Associate College Raiwind (Lahore), Pakistan

Rafaqat Hussain

Prof. Rafaqat Hussain graduated with a BSc (Hons) in chemistry from the University College London, where he also received his MSc in chemistry and a PhD in biochemical engineering. To pursue a career in teaching, he obtained a postgraduate certificate in education (chemistry) from the Goldsmiths College, London. In 2007, he moved to Pakistan to lead an ambitious project to establish the Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials (IRCBM) at the COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Lahore campus. After more than 3 years at the IRCBM, he took up a teaching position at the Department of Chemistry, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), where he established a successful materials research group. After more than 5 years teaching and supervising numerous research students at UTM, he returned to CUI to establish the Department of Chemistry at the Islamabad campus. He is actively involved in publishing research articles in leading high-impact journals, an author of over 50 research articles (impact factor >150) and several book chapters, and a winner of many research grants in the field of materials science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Chemistry, COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan

Faheem Butt

Dr. Faheem K. Butt currently works as an associate professor of physics in the Division of Science and Technology at the University of Education, Lahore. Before joining the University of Education, he was an Alexander von Humboldt Fellow at the Technical University of Munich, Germany. He completed his postdoctoral research fellowship from the Centre for Sustainable Nanomaterials, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, in 2015. He completed his PhD studies at the Beijing Institute of Technology, China. His interests are in optoelectronics devices, energy storage/conversion in nanomaterials, and theoretical studies of materials using various software. He has published more than 120 research articles/book chapters as an author/coauthor in peer-reviewed international SCI journals with various publishers, including the American Chemical Society, Royal Society of Chemistry, Elsevier, Springer, American Scientific Publishers, and Taylor & Francis, with an h-index of 26 and ~3000 citations. He has also provided his services as a reviewer/editor/editorial board member for international publishers. Dr. Faheem has won several national/international awards. He is also a Higher Education Commission (HEC)-approved supervisor for PhD awardees of HEC scholarships, as well as general PhD scholars.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Physics, Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan

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