Metal Oxide Defects: Fundamentals, Design, Development and Applications provides a broad perspective on the development of advanced experimental techniques to study defects and their chemical activity and catalytic reactivity in various metal oxides. This book highlights advances in characterization and analytical techniques to achieve better understanding of a wide range of defects, most importantly, state-of-the-art methodologies for controlling defects. The book provides readers with pathways to apply basic principles and interpret the behavior of metal oxides. After reviewing characterization and analytical techniques, the book focuses on the relationship of defects to the properties and performance of metal oxides. Finally, there is a review of the methods to control defects and the applications of defect engineering for the design of metal oxides for applications in optoelectronics, energy, sensing, and more. This book is a key reference for materials scientists and engineers, chemists, and physicists.
Reviews advances in characterization and analytical techniques to understand the behavior of defects in metal oxide materials
Introduces defect engineering applied to the design of metal oxide materials with desirable properties
Discusses applications of defect engineering to enhance the performance of materials for a wide range of applications, with an emphasis on optoelectronics
Materials Scientists and Engineers, Chemists, Physicists
Table of Contents
1. Transition metal ions in solid electrolytes. Ceramics and glasses 2. The emergence of analytical techniques for defects in metal oxide 3. Vacancy and defect structures in metal oxides 4. Defects disorder of lanthanum cerium oxide 5. Oxidation of metals and formation of defects by theoretical modelling 6. Role of defects in multiferroic nanoparticles 7. Oxygen defects, morphology, and surface chemistry of metal oxides: a deep insight through a joint experimental and theoretical perspective 8. Point defects and their diffusion in nonstoichiometric metal oxides for modern microelectronics 9. Influence of defects upon mechanical properties of oxide materials 10. Defect evolution in ZnO nanocrystal films at doping by group IIIA elements 12. The role of dopant on the defect chemistry of metal oxides 13. Viable defect engineering with templates into metal oxides 14. Role of defects on the transparent conducting properties of binary metal oxide thin film electrodes 15. Intrinsic defect engineering of metal oxides for lighting applications 16. Oxygen defects in metal oxides and their effect on the electrochemical oxidation of short-chain alcohols 17. Defects engineering in metal oxides for gas sensing and electromagnetic wave absorption 18. Ordered vacancy compounds: the case of the Mangéli phases of TiO2 19. Ion beam-induced defects in ZnO: a radiation hard metal oxide 20. Role of point defects in gas sensing effects of metal oxides 21. Role of grain boundary defects in nanostructured manganites 22. Defects chemistry and catalysis of indium oxide 23. Effect of swift heavy ion irradiation on the electrical characteristics of oxide-based heterojunction
Vijay Kumar is presently working as Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology Srinagar (J&K), India. He received his Ph.D. in Physics at the beginning of 2013 from the SLIET Longowal. From 2013 to 2015, he was a postdoctoral research fellow in the Phosphor Research Group, Department of Physics, University of the Free State, South Africa. He has received the Young Scientist Award under the fast track scheme of the Department of Science and Technology (Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India), New Delhi. He also worked in Grant-in-aid for the joint Center project titled "Joint Center for generating tissue-engineered organs and controlling cell behavior" under Indo-US Joint R&D Networked Center. He has been a nominated member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the Initiative for Research and Innovation in Science (IRIS) by DST. He has also received the “Teacher with Best Research Contribution Award” by Hon'ble Chancellor, Chandigarh University on Teachers Day. He has more than 80 research papers in international peer-reviewed journals, 10 peer-reviewed conference proceedings, 15 book chapters, and edited 7 books (authored and co-authored). He has more than 3490 citations with an h-index of 34 & an i10-index of 69. He has edited the Virtual Special Issue of Vacuum - Journal – Elsevier, Materials Today: Proceedings and Crystals-MDPI. He has organized various short-term courses and conferences/workshops. He is a section Topic Editors for ‘Polymeric Materials’ Materials MDPI Journal. He has delivered invited talks, chaired sessions, and presented his work at various National and International Conferences. His research experience, as well as research interests, lie in synthesis, processing, and characterization of functional materials, solid-state luminescent materials, bio-based/biodegradable polymers, and composites, conducting polymers, drug delivery devices, wastewater treatment, and ion solid interaction.
Affiliations and Expertise
Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology Srinagar (J&K), India
During the last ten years of his research career, he has published more than 90 research papers in various reputed international journals. He has published one book and several book chapters in several excellent books. He is an expert in chemical lab work and characterization techniques for defects in metal oxides. He has admirable skill in the synthesis of materials in 0D, 1D, 2D and 3D forms with various shapes and sizes via different physical and chemical synthesis routes. He has in-depth knowledge in materials physics. His specialty is photoluminescence spectroscopy and its applicability towards display device application, LED fabrication, fingerprint detection, barcode detection, and security ink applications. Recently he is involved with the fabrication of flexible white light emitting diodes based on inorganic materials and development of Mini/ Micro- LEDs with the help of perovskite quantum dots.
Affiliations and Expertise
Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Dr. Vishal Sharma is presently working as an Assistant Professor at the Institute of Forensic Science & Criminology, Faculty of Science, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. He currently heads the Institute at Panjab University. He has obtained his Ph.D. degree in Physics from Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, India and Inter University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi, India. He is the recipient of DAE Young Scientist Research Award in 2011. Recently he has been conferred the best researcher award by Panjab University under Promotion of University Research and Scientific Excellence (PURSE), DST Govt. of India grant and Dr. P.D. Sethi National Award in 2018. He is the author of more than 90 peer-reviewed scientific papers, six book chapters and three books as editor. His current research focus is in the field of Material Science and includes the synthesis of smart materials for different applications, nanophosphors, hydrogels, sensors (drug sensing, fingermark sensing).
Affiliations and Expertise
Assistant Professor, Institute of Forensic Science and Criminology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
Prof. Hendrik C Swart is a B1 NRF rated researcher (Internationally acclaimed researchers) and currently a senior professor in the Department of Physics at the University of the Free State. Over the past 22 years he has led research in the area of the degradation of phosphors for field emission displays, as well as developing materials for nano solid state lighting. He has been key in the development of processes to synthesize and deposit thin films of various types of semiconductor nano-particles which will enhance the color, luminescent intensity and lifetime of such displays. He has more than 650 publications in international peer reviewed journals.
Affiliations and Expertise
Senior Professor, Department of Physics, University of Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa