Metabolism

Metabolism

1st Edition - January 1, 1961

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  • Editor: I Gunsalus
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145091

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Description

The Bacteria: A Treatise on Structure and Function, Volume II: Metabolism deals with the gross metabolism of microorganisms in energy liberating reactions and pathways. The book investigates energy-yielding metabolism in bacteria; fermentation; terminal oxidation and its cyclic mechanisms; electron transport; and bacterial photosynthesis and luminescence. This volume is organized into 11 chapters and begins with a discussion of problems of energy metabolism that apply to all cells and unicellular organisms. The book also explains the biologically available energy released by glycolysis, oxidation, and light to chemical bond transformation and its quantitative relationships to whole cell requirements. The reader is then introduced to the fermentation of carbohydrates and related compounds, particularly the pathways of carbon and the role of hydrogen acceptors in fermentation, along with the decomposition of nitrogenous compounds such as amino acids, purines, and pyrimidines. The remaining chapters focus on the cyclic mechanisms for the synthesis of cellular components and for the yield of energy by oxidation. The breakdown of high molecular weight substances such as polysaccharides and bacterial cell walls is also explained. The chapters discuss as well the mechanisms of electron transport in microbes. The book concludes by exploring the physiological aspects of bacterial luminescence as well as the taxonomy and evolution of luminous bacteria. This book is a valuable resource for biochemists, microbiologists, bacteriologists, investigators, and students interested in the metabolic processes affecting bacteria.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors to Volume II

    Preface

    Contents of Volume I

    Contents of Volume III

    Contents of Volume IV

    1. Energy-Yielding Metabolism in Bacteria

    I. Metabolism and the Cell

    II. Energy-Yielding Reactions

    III. Energy Growth and Yield

    IV. Energy Excess: Nutrient Limitations

    References

    2. Fermentation of Carbohydrates and Related Compounds

    I. Introduction

    II. Methodology

    III. Carbohydrate Fermentation Types

    IV. Organic Acid Fermentations

    References

    3. Fermentations of Nitrogenous Organic Compounds

    I. Introduction

    II. Fermentations of Single Nitrogenous Compounds

    III. Fermentations of Pairs of Amino Acids (Stickland Reaction)

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    4. Cyclic Mechanisms of Terminal Oxidation

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Development of Cyclic Mechanisms

    III. Criteria for Establishment of Cyclic Mechanisms

    IV. Criterion of Rates of Reaction Applied to Microorganisms

    V. Rate Studies with Bacteria: Micrococcus lysodeikticus and Escherichia coli

    VI. Carrier Type of Experiments Employing Isotopes

    VII. Noncarrier Type of Experiments Employing Isotopes

    VIII. Quantitative Aspects of the TCA Cycle

    IX. The Criterion of Sequential Induction

    X. The Criterion of Microbial Mutant Analysis of Metabolic Pathways

    XI. Deviations from the TCA Cycle

    XII. General Occurrence of TCA Cycle in Microorganisms: Bacteria, Molds, and Protozoa

    XIII. Alternate Pathways 243

    XIV. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Suggested Supplementary Reading

    5. The Dissimilation of High Molecular Weight Substances

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods of Study

    III. Primary Attack on High Molecular Weight Substances

    IV. Attack on Specific Groups of Substances

    References

    6. Survey of Microbial Electron Transport Mechanisms

    I. Introduction

    II. The Respiratory Chain

    III. Subdivision of the Respiratory Chain

    IV. Oxidants of the Respiratory Chain Other Than O2

    V. Catalase and Peroxidase

    VI. Determination of Respiratory Type

    VII. Electron Transport in Fermentation and Oxidation

    VIII. Coupled Oxidative Phosphorylation

    References

    7. Cytochrome Systems in Aerobic Electron Transport

    I. The Nature of the Cytochrome Pigments

    II. Nomenclature of the Cytochromes

    III. Methods of Studying the Respiratory Chain Pigments

    IV. Functions of the Cytochromes

    V. The Particulate Nature of the Bacterial Respiratory System

    VI. Oxidative Phosphorylation

    VII. Bacterial Cytochromes

    VIII. Soluble Bacterial Cytochromes

    IX. The Effect of Environmental Factors during Growth on the Cytochrome Content of Bacteria

    X. Summary

    References

    8. Cytochrome Systems in Anaerobic Electron Transport

    I. Introduction

    II. General Characteristics of Electron Transport in Anaerobes

    III. Hematin-Protein Components

    IV. Function of Heme Proteins

    V. Conclusions

    References

    9. Cytochrome-Independent Electron Transport Enzymes of Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Oxidases for Reduced Pyridine Nucleotides

    III. Flavoprotein Peroxidase

    IV. Diaphorases

    V. Direct Flavoprotein Oxidases

    VI. Dehydrogenase Activities

    VII. Flavoproteins Concerned with Reduction of Nitrate, Nitrite; Hydroxylamine, and Organo-Nitro Compounds

    VIII. Phosphorylation Coupled to Anaerobic Electron Transport

    IX. Significance of Flavoprotein Respiration in Anaerobes and Lactic Acid Bacteria

    References

    10. Bacterial Photosynthesis

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chromatophore: Center of Bacterial Photosynthesis

    III. A General Formulation of Bacterial Photosynthesis

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    References

    11. Bacterial Luminescence

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemistry of Bacterial Luminescence

    III. Physiology of Luminous Bacteria

    IV. Taxonomy and Evolution

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 588
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1961
  • Published: January 1, 1961
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145091

About the Editor

I Gunsalus

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