Metabolism and Respiration

Metabolism and Respiration

The Biochemistry of Plants

1st Edition - July 28, 1980

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  • Editor: David D. Davies
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220321

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The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume 2: Metabolism and Respiration is a collection of articles that is largely concerned with the area of intermediary metabolism. This volume contains papers that discuss topics on the production of active C1 groups, photorespiration and the effect of light on respiration. Respiration and related metabolic activity in wounded and infected tissues, the respiration and senescence of plant organs, the effect of temperature on respiration and the assessment of the contributions of metabolic pathways to plant respiration are likewise covered. Biochemists and botanists will find the book highly useful.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface to Volume 2

    1 Assessment of the Contributions of Metabolic Pathways to Plant Respiration

    I. Introduction

    II. Respiration of Protein

    III. Respiration of Lipid

    IV. Respiration of Carbohydrate


    2 Enzyme Flexibility as a Molecular Basis for Metabolic Control

    I. Introduction

    II. Feedback Regulation of Metabolic Pathways

    III. Phenomenology of the Regulatory Behavior of Enzymes

    IV. Molecular Devices That Command the Regulatory Behavior

    V. Models and Theoretical Predictions of Enzyme Flexibility

    VI. The Evolution of Catalytic Function and Cooperativity

    VII. Conclusions


    3 Direct Oxidases and Related Enzymes

    I. The Activities of Direct Oxidases and Related Enzymes in Plants

    II. Ascorbate Oxidase

    III. Polyphenol Oxidase

    IV. Laccase

    V. Utilization of Peroxide and Oxygen Radicals in Plants


    4 Electron Transport and Energy Coupling in Plant Mitochondria

    I. Introduction

    II. Mitochondrial Preparations

    III. Components of the Respiratory Chain

    IV. Carrier Sequence in the Plant Respiratory Chain

    V. Energy Coupling in Plant Mitochondria

    VI. Discussion


    5 Nature and Control of Respiratory Pathways in Plants: The Interaction of Cyanide-Resistant Respiration with the Cyanide-Sensitive Pathway

    I. Introduction

    II. Mitochondrial and Biochemical Aspects

    III. Tissue, Organ, and Physiological Aspects


    6 Control of the Krebs Cycle

    I. Introduction

    II. Regulation by ADP Turnover

    III. Regulation by Enzyme Turnover

    IV. Regulation by Metabolite Transport

    V. Regulation by Other Methods

    VI. Some Special Cases

    VII. Enzyme Nomenclature


    7 The Regulation of Glycolysis and the Pentose Phosphate Pathway

    I. Introduction

    II. Regulation of Glycolysis

    III. Regulation of Gluconeogenesis

    IV. Regulation of the Pentose Phosphate Pathway


    8 Hydroxylases, Monooxygenases, and Cytochrome P-450

    I. General Aspects of Metabolic Hydroxylations

    II. Cytochrome P-450-Dependent Mixed-Function Oxygenases

    III. Hydroxylase Functions of Phenolases

    IV. Prolyl Hydroxylase

    V. Peroxygenase

    VI. Hydroxylations Catalyzed by Peroxidases

    VII. Fatty Acid Hydroxylations

    VIII. Hydroxylation Reactions in Metabolic Pathways

    IX. Concluding Remarks


    9 One-Carbon Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. The Occurrence of Folate Derivatives in Plants

    III. The Generation of Q Units

    IV. Interconversion of Ct Units within the Folate Pool

    V. Utilization of Q Units

    VI. The Regulation of d Metabolism


    10 Respiration and Senescence of Plant Organs

    I. Introduction

    II. Patterns of Respiratory Behavior During Senescence of Plant Organs

    III. The Significance of Changes in Respiratory Activity in Relation to Ripening and Senescence in Fruit

    IV. Conclusion


    11 Respiration and Related Metabolic Activity in Wounded and Infected Tissues

    I. Introduction

    II. Increased Respiration in Response to Wounding or Infection

    III. Biochemical Events Related to Increased Respiration

    IV. Relationship between Increased Respiration and Metabolism Activated by Wounding or Infection

    V. Physiological Roles for Enhanced Respiration and Its Related Metabolism

    VI. Use of Wounded and Infected Tissues for Analyzing Metabolic Principles


    12 Photorespiration

    I. Introduction

    II. Metabolic Pathways for Glycolate Biosynthesis and Metabolism

    III. The Glycerate Pathway

    IV. C02 and O2 and Energy Loss During Photorespiration

    V. Relationship of Photorespiration to Sucrose and Starch Synthesis

    VI. Photorespiration in Algae

    VII. Photorespiration in C4 Plants

    VIII. O2 Uptake During Electron Transport in Chloroplasts

    IX. Regulation of Cellular Synthesis by Photorespiration

    X. Regulation of Photorespiration

    XI. Speculation on the Function of Photorespiration


    13 Effects of Light on "Dark" Respiration

    I. Introduction

    II. Physiological Aspects

    III. Biochemical Aspects of Respiration in the Light

    IV. General Conclusions


    14 Anaerobic Metabolism and the Production of Organic Acids

    I. Introduction

    II. The Diffusion of Oxygen

    III. Growth in the Absence of Oxygen

    IV. End Products of Anaerobic Metabolism

    V. Control of pH

    VI. Theories of Flood Tolerance

    VII. Conclusions


    15 Effect of Low Temperature on Respiration

    I. Introduction

    II. The Effect of Temperature on the Rate of Enzyme Reactions

    III. Temperature-Induced Changes in the Ea of Enzyme Reactions

    IV. The Effect of Increasing the Ea of Respiratory Activity on Metabolic Balance

    V. Metabolic Imbalances in the Tissues of Chilling-Sensitive Plants at Low Temperature


    16 The Use of Tissue Cultures in Studies of Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Available Types of Systems

    III. Studies with Established Cultures

    IV. Studies of Metabolism in Cell Cultures

    V. Conclusion



    Contents of Other Volumes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 704
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: July 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220321

About the Editor

David D. Davies

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