Metabolism and Regulation of Secondary Plant Products

Metabolism and Regulation of Secondary Plant Products

Recent Advances in Phytochemistry

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Editors: V. C. Runeckles, E. E. Conn
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220031

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Description

Recent Advances in Phytochemisty, Volume 8: Metabolism and Regulation of Secondary Plant Products covers papers from the 13th annual meeting of the Phytochemical Society of North America held on August 8-10, 1973, at the Asilomar State Park and Conference Center in Pacific Grove, California. The book discusses phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and phenolic metabolism; enzymology and regulation of flavonoid and lignin biosynthesis in plants and plant cell suspension cultures; and possible multienzyme complexes regulating the formation of C6-C3 phelonic compounds and lignins in higher plants. The text also describes photoregulation of phenylpropanoid and styrylpyrone biosynthesis in Polyporis hispidus; the nonprotein amino acids from plants; and the role of proteinase inhibitors in natural plant protection. The regulatory control mechanisms in alkaloid biosynthesis; the biochemistry of myoinositol in plants; and unusual fatty acids in plants are also considered. Phytochemists and people involved in the study of pomology will find the book useful.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Dedication

    Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase and Phenolic Metabolism

    Introduction

    Rates of Phenolic Biosynthesis

    Substrate Control

    Enzyme Regulation

    Summary

    References

    Enzymology and Regulation of Flavonoid and Lignin Biosynthesis in Plants and Plant Cell Suspension Cultures

    Introduction

    Enzymology of Flavonoid Glycoside Formation in Petroselinum hortense and Comparison with Enzymes from Other Plants

    Enzymology of Lignin Biosynthesis

    References

    Possible Multienzyme Complexes Regulating the Formation of C6-C3 Phenolic Compounds and Lignins in Higher Plants

    Introduction

    Sorghum as a Biological Test Organism

    Enzymes of the C6—C3 Sequence

    Potential Multienzyme Complexes and Lignin Formation

    Conclusions: A Speculative Overview of the Role of Multienzyme Complexes in the Metabolism of Phenolic Compounds

    References

    Photoregulation of Phenylpropanoid and Styrylpyrone Biosynthesis in Polyporus hispidus

    Introduction

    Phenolic Metabolism in Polyporus

    Conclusions

    References

    Nonprotein Amino Acids from Plants: Distribution, Biosynthesis, and Analog Functions

    Introduction

    Phenylalanine Derivatives, Homologs, and Analogs

    Proline Analogs and the Active Site of Prolyl-tRNA Synthetase

    Summary

    References

    Proteinase Inhibitors in Natural Plant Protection

    Introduction

    Discovery of the Wound Response

    Characterization of the Wound Response

    Proteinase Inhibitor Inducing Factor (PIIF)

    Phylogenetic Search for PIIF

    Summary

    References

    Regulatory Control Mechanisms in Alkaloid Biosynthesis

    Introduction

    General Considerations

    Regulatory Control Mechanisms

    Other Control Mechanisms Affecting Alkaloid Synthesis

    Physiological and Evolutionary Significance of Alkaloids

    References

    The Biochemistry of myo-Inositol in Plants

    Introduction

    Biosynthesis of myo-Inositol

    Biosynthesis and Breakdown of Phytic Acid

    Indol-3-acetyl Esters of myo-Inositol

    myo-Inositol as a Cofactor in Galactosyl Transfer Reactions

    myo-Inositol as a Precursor of Uronic Acid and Pentose for Cell Wall Polysaccharide Biosynthesis

    myo-Inositol as an Intermediate in Carbohydrate Metabolism and Sugar Interconversions

    References

    Unusual Fatty Acids in Plants

    Introduction

    Structures and Occurrence of Unusual Fatty Acids

    Unusual Fatty Acids and Chemotaxonomy

    Biosynthesis of Oxygenated Fatty Acids

    Regulatory Factors and Unusual Fatty Acids

    References

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 264
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220031

About the Editors

V. C. Runeckles

E. E. Conn

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