Metabolism and Regulation of Secondary Plant Products - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126124088, 9781483220031

Metabolism and Regulation of Secondary Plant Products

1st Edition

Recent Advances in Phytochemistry

Editors: V. C. Runeckles E. E. Conn
eBook ISBN: 9781483220031
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 264
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Description

Recent Advances in Phytochemisty, Volume 8: Metabolism and Regulation of Secondary Plant Products covers papers from the 13th annual meeting of the Phytochemical Society of North America held on August 8-10, 1973, at the Asilomar State Park and Conference Center in Pacific Grove, California. The book discusses phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and phenolic metabolism; enzymology and regulation of flavonoid and lignin biosynthesis in plants and plant cell suspension cultures; and possible multienzyme complexes regulating the formation of C6-C3 phelonic compounds and lignins in higher plants. The text also describes photoregulation of phenylpropanoid and styrylpyrone biosynthesis in Polyporis hispidus; the nonprotein amino acids from plants; and the role of proteinase inhibitors in natural plant protection. The regulatory control mechanisms in alkaloid biosynthesis; the biochemistry of myoinositol in plants; and unusual fatty acids in plants are also considered. Phytochemists and people involved in the study of pomology will find the book useful.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Dedication

Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase and Phenolic Metabolism

Introduction

Rates of Phenolic Biosynthesis

Substrate Control

Enzyme Regulation

Summary

References

Enzymology and Regulation of Flavonoid and Lignin Biosynthesis in Plants and Plant Cell Suspension Cultures

Introduction

Enzymology of Flavonoid Glycoside Formation in Petroselinum hortense and Comparison with Enzymes from Other Plants

Enzymology of Lignin Biosynthesis

References

Possible Multienzyme Complexes Regulating the Formation of C6-C3 Phenolic Compounds and Lignins in Higher Plants

Introduction

Sorghum as a Biological Test Organism

Enzymes of the C6—C3 Sequence

Potential Multienzyme Complexes and Lignin Formation

Conclusions: A Speculative Overview of the Role of Multienzyme Complexes in the Metabolism of Phenolic Compounds

References

Photoregulation of Phenylpropanoid and Styrylpyrone Biosynthesis in Polyporus hispidus

Introduction

Phenolic Metabolism in Polyporus

Conclusions

References

Nonprotein Amino Acids from Plants: Distribution, Biosynthesis, and Analog Functions

Introduction

Phenylalanine Derivatives, Homologs, and Analogs

Proline Analogs and the Active Site of Prolyl-tRNA Synthetase

Summary

References

Proteinase Inhibitors in Natural Plant Protection

Introduction

Discovery of the Wound Response

Characterization of the Wound Response

Proteinase Inhibitor Inducing Factor (PIIF)

Phylogenetic Search for PIIF

Summary

References

Regulatory Control Mechanisms in Alkaloid Biosynthesis

Introduction

General Considerations

Regulatory Control Mechanisms

Other Control Mechanisms Affecting Alkaloid Synthesis

Physiological and Evolutionary Significance of Alkaloids

References

The Biochemistry of myo-Inositol in Plants

Introduction

Biosynthesis of myo-Inositol

Biosynthesis and Breakdown of Phytic Acid

Indol-3-acetyl Esters of myo-Inositol

myo-Inositol as a Cofactor in Galactosyl Transfer Reactions

myo-Inositol as a Precursor of Uronic Acid and Pentose for Cell Wall Polysaccharide Biosynthesis

myo-Inositol as an Intermediate in Carbohydrate Metabolism and Sugar Interconversions

References

Unusual Fatty Acids in Plants

Introduction

Structures and Occurrence of Unusual Fatty Acids

Unusual Fatty Acids and Chemotaxonomy

Biosynthesis of Oxygenated Fatty Acids

Regulatory Factors and Unusual Fatty Acids

References

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
264
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1974
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483220031

About the Editor

V. C. Runeckles

E. E. Conn

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