Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

2nd Edition - November 29, 2001

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  • Author: Roger Pielke
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080491820

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The second edition of Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling is a fully revised resource for researchers and practitioners in the growing field of meteorological modeling at the mesoscale. Pielke has enhanced the new edition by quantifying model capability (uncertainty) by a detailed evaluation of the assumptions of parameterization and error propagation. Mesoscale models are applied in a wide variety of studies, including weather prediction, regional and local climate assessments, and air pollution investigations.


Graduate-level courses and researchers in the field of atmospheric science

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: Introduction

    Chapter 2: Basic Set of Equations

    2.1 Conservation of Mass

    2.2 Conservation of Heat

    2.3 Conservation of Motion

    2.4 Conservation of Water

    2.5 Conservation of Other Gaseous and Aerosol Materials

    2.6 Summary

    Notes to Chapter 2

    Chapter 3: Simplification of the Basic Equations

    3.1 Conservation of Mass

    3.2 Conservation of Heat

    3.3 Conservation of Motion

    3.4 Conservation of Water and Other Gaseous and Aerosol Contaminants

    Notes to Chapter 3

    Chapter 4: Averaging the Conservation Relations

    4.1 Definition of Averages

    4.2 Vorticity Equation

    4.3 Diagnostic Equation for Nonhydrostatic Pressure

    4.4 Scaled Pressure Form

    4.5 Summary

    Notes to Chapter 4


    Chapter 5: Physical and Analytic Modeling

    5.1 Physical Models

    5.2 Linear Models

    5.3 Long’s Analytic Solution to Nonlinear Momentum Flow

    Notes to Chapter 5


    Chapter 6: Coordinate Transformations

    6.1 Tensor Analysis

    6.2 Generalized Vertical Coordinate

    6.3 The Sigma-z Coordinate System

    6.4 Derivation of Drainage Flow Equations Using Two Different Coordinate Representations

    6.5 Summary

    6.6 Application of Terrain-Following Coordinate Systems

    Notes to Chapter 6


    Chapter 7: Parameterization-Averaged Subgrid-Scale Fluxes

    7.1 Basic Terms

    7.2 Surface Layer Parameterization

    7.3 Planetary Boundary-Layer Parameterization


    Chapter 8: Averaged Radiation Flux Divergence

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Basic Concepts2

    8.3 Longwave Radiative Flux

    8.4 Shortwave Radiative Flux

    8.5 Examples of Parameterizations and Level of Complexity

    Notes to Chapter 8


    Chapter 9: Parameterization of Moist Thermodynamic Processes

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Parameterization of the Influences of Phase Changes of Water in a Convectively Stable Atmosphere ()

    9.3 Parameterization of the Influences of Phase Changes of Water in a Convectively Unstable Atmosphere

    9.4 Examples of Parameterizations and Level of Complexity

    Notes to Chapter 9


    Chapter 10: Methods of Solution

    10.1 Finite Difference Schemes—An Introduction

    10.2 Upstream Interpolation Schemes—An Introduction

    10.3 Diagnostic Equations

    10.4 Time Splitting

    10.5 Nonlinear Effects

    10.6 Summary

    Notes to Chapter 10


    Chapter 11: Boundary and Initial Conditions

    11.1 Grid and Domain Structure

    11.2 Initialization

    11.3 Spatial Boundary Conditions

    Notes to Chapters 11


    Chapter 12: Model Evaluation

    12.2 Comparison with Analytic Theory

    12.3 Comparison with Other Numerical Models

    12.4 Comparison Against Different Model Formulations

    12.5 Calculation of Model Budgets

    12.6 Comparison with Observations

    12.7 Model Sensitivity Analyses

    Notes to Chapter 12


    Chapter 13: Examples of Mesoscale Models

    13.1 Terrain-Induced Mesoscale Systems

    13.2 Synoptically-Induced Mesoscale Systems

    Notes to Chapter 13

    Appendix A

    The Solution of Eqs. (10-28) and (10-47) with Periodic Boundary Conditions

    Appendix B

    Model Summaries

    Model: The Operational Multiscale Environment Model with Grid Adaptivity (OMEGA)

    Model: MC2

    Model: Boundary-Layer Mesoscale Forecast Model (BLFMESO), Version 3.0

    Model: FITNAH

    Model: COAMPS

    Model: MM5

    Model: Eta Model

    Model: The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS)

    Model: The Topographic Vorticity Model (TVM)

    Model: ARPS

    Model: HOTMAC

    Appendix C

    Summary of Several Cumulus Cloud Parameterization Schemes

    Appendix D

    BATS, LAPS, and LEAF Comparison Tables

    Appendix E

    Summary of Datasets (2000)

Product details

  • No. of pages: 696
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2001
  • Published: November 29, 2001
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080491820

About the Author

Roger Pielke

Affiliations and Expertise

Colorado State University at Fort Collins, USA

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