Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

3rd Edition - September 1, 2013

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  • Author: Roger A Pielke Sr
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123852380
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123852373

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Description

The 3rd edition of Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling is a fully revised resource for researchers and practitioners in the growing field of meteorological modeling at the mesoscale. Pielke has enhanced the new edition by quantifying model capability (uncertainty) by a detailed evaluation of the assumptions of parameterization and error propagation. Mesoscale models are applied in a wide variety of studies, including weather prediction, regional and local climate assessments, and air pollution investigations.

Key Features

  • Broad expansion of the concepts of parameterization and parameterization methodology
  • Addition of new modeling approaches, including modeling summaries and summaries of data sets
  • All-new section on dynamic downscaling

Readership

Graduate-level courses and researchers in the field of atmospheric science.

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the First Edition

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Preface to the Third Edition

    Foreword

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Chapter 2. Basic Set of Equations

    Abstract

    2.1 Conservation of Mass

    2.2 Conservation of Heat

    2.3 Conservation of Motion

    2.4 Conservation of Water

    2.5 Conservation of Other Gaseous and Aerosol Materials

    2.6 Summary

    Chapter 2 Additional Readings

    Chapter 3. Simplification of the Basic Equations

    Abstract

    3.1 Conservation of Mass

    3.2 Conservation of Heat

    3.3 Conservation of Motion

    3.4 Conservation of Water and Other Gaseous and Aerosol Contaminants

    Chapter 3 Additional Readings

    Chapter 4. Averaging the Conservation Relations

    Abstract

    4.1 Definition of Averages

    4.2 Diagnostic Equation for Nonhydrostatic Pressure

    4.3 Scaled Pressure Form

    4.4 Summary

    Problems for Chapter 4

    Chapter 4 Additional Readings

    Chapter 5. Physical and Analytic Modeling

    Abstract

    5.1 Physical models

    5.2 Linear models

    5.3 Role of compressibility in mesoscale models

    5.4 Problems for Chapter 5

    Chapter 5 Additional Readings

    Chapter 6. Coordinate Transformations

    Abstract

    6.1 Tensor Analysis

    6.2 Generalized Vertical Coordinate

    6.3 The Sigma-z Coordinate System

    6.4 Derivation of Drainage Flow Equations Using Two Different Coordinate Representations

    6.5 Summary

    6.6 Application of Terrain-Following Coordinate Systems

    Problems for Chapter 6

    Chapter 6 Additional Readings

    Chapter 7. Traditional Parameterizations

    Abstract

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Parameterization of Subgrid-Scale Averaged Flux Divergence

    7.3 Parameterization of Radiative Flux Divergence

    7.4 Parameterization of Moist Thermodynamic Processes

    Problems for Chapter 7

    Chapter 7 Additional Readings

    Chapter 8. New Parameterization Approaches

    Abstract

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 The Look-Up Table Method in Traditional Parameterizations

    8.3 The LUT Approach for the Total Net Effect of Each Separate Physical Process

    8.4 The Generalized LUT for the Integrated Effect on Diabatic Heating and Other Source/Sink Terms

    8.5 The “Superparameterization” Approach

    Chapter 8 Additional Readings

    Chapter 9. Methods of Solution

    Abstract

    9.1 Finite Difference Schemes – An Introduction

    9.2 Upstream Interpolation Schemes – An Introduction

    9.3 Time Splitting

    9.4 Nonlinear Effects – Aliasing

    9.5 A Fully-Lagrangian Approach to Solving Atmospheric Dynamics

    9.6 Finite Volume and Cut-Cell Solution Technique

    9.7 Distinction Between Grid Increment and Resolution

    9.8 Summary

    Problems for Chapter 9

    Chapter 9 Additional Readings

    Chapter 10. Boundary and Initial Conditions

    Abstract

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Grid and Domain Structure

    10.3 Initialization

    10.4 Spatial Boundary Conditions

    Problems for Chapter 10

    Chapter 10 Additional Readings

    Chapter 11. Model Evaluation

    Abstract

    11.1 Evaluation Criteria

    11.2 Types of Models

    11.3 Comparison with Analytic Theory

    11.4 Comparison with Other Numerical Models

    11.5 Comparison Against Different Model Formulations

    11.6 Calculation of Model Budgets

    11.7 Standardizing Model Code

    11.8 Comparison with Observations

    11.9 Model Sensitivity Analyses

    Problems for Chapter 11

    Chapter 11 Additional Readings

    Chapter 12. Mesoscale Modeling and Satellite Simulator

    Abstract

    12.1 Satellite Instrumental Simulator

    12.2 Application of Satellite Simulators to Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling

    Problems for Chapter 12

    Chapter 12 Additional Readings

    Chapter 13. Examples of Mesoscale Models

    Abstract

    13.1 Spatial Scales at which Mesoscale Circulations are Important

    13.2 Terrain- and Physiographically-Induced Mesoscale Systems

    13.3 Mesoscale Systems Primarily Forced Through Lateral Boundaries or from Internal Atmospheric Instabilities

    13.4 Integrated Applications on Air Quality – Meteorology Interactions

    13.5 Dynamic Downscaling

    13.6 Mesoscale Modeling of Extraterrestrial Atmospheres

    Chapter 13 Additional Readings

    Chapter 14. Synoptic-Scale Background

    Abstract

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Quantitative Measures of the Vertical Profile of the Atmosphere

    14.3 Depiction of the Horizontal Structure of the Atmosphere

    Problems for Chapter 14

    Chapter 14 Additional Readings

    Appendix A. The Solution of Eqs. 9.26 and 9.45

    Appendix B. Model Summaries

    Appendix C. Geolocation of the Satellite Field of View

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 760
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: September 1, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123852380
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123852373

About the Author

Roger A Pielke Sr

Affiliations and Expertise

Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

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