There is increasing political and environmental pressure on industry to clean up the water which it uses in many processes, and to re-use this water where possible. This cleaning is done using specially-developed industrial membranes and this book covers the types and design of membranes, how they work and in which industries they are used. Special attention is paid to the textile, food/ beverage, pharmaceutical, oil and pulp and paper industries where such membranes are in regular use.


Engineers/chemical engineers responsible for the use and recycling of water within plant; membrane designers and manufacturers for industry; end-users of membranes within industry and the water industry.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 Water reuse motivations and barriers
1.2 Industrial water
1.3 Membrane technology

Chapter 2 - Membrane technology
2.1 The membrane
2.1.1 Membrane and membrane process definition
2.1.2 Membrane structure
2.1.3 Membrane materials and their manufacture
2.1.4 Membrane configurations
2.2 The process fundamentals
2.2.1 Process performance definitions
2.2.2 The driving force
2.2.3 Factors opposing the driving force
2.2.4 Critical flux
2.3 The theory
2.3.1 Membrane mass transfer control
2.3.2 Fouling/cake layer mass transfer control
2.4 Process design and operation
2.4.1 Staging
2.4.2 Specific energy demand
2.4.3 Fouling and pretreatment
2.4.4 Backwashing and cleaning

Chapter 3 - Industrial Waters
3.1 The power industry:water requirements for power generation and cooling water
3.1.1 Water demand by the power industry
3.1.2 Overview of cooling water systems
3.1.3 Overview of boiler feedwater systems
3.1.4 Sources of water used for
3.1.5 Wter quality comparisons
3.1.6 Optimisation of water use in recirculating cooling systems
3.1.7 Cooling tower water quality issues
3.1.8 Governing legislation and guidelines
3.1.9 Volumes and quality of aqueous process waster streams
3.1.10 Current reuse practices and opportunities
3.2 The pulmp and paper industry
3.2.1 Introduction
3.2.2 Pulping


No. of pages:
© 2003
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the editors

Bruce Jefferson

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Fellow, School of Water Sciences, Cranfield University, UK