Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy

Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy

Renewable Sources Valorization in Energy and Downstream Processing in Agro-food Industry

1st Edition - April 12, 2022

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  • Editors: Adolfo Iulianelli, Alfredo Cassano, Carmela Conidi, Konstantinos Petrotos
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885522
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323852531

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Description

Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy: Renewable Sources Valorization in Energy and Downstream Processing in Agro-food Industry describes the modification of the general concept of "waste," including waste valorization as added-value products that are useful for energy production and biotechnology industries. Speaking to the relevance of this new vision, the book highlights the fundamentals of membrane operations in the exploitation of renewable sources for energy production and the valorization of agro-food waste at the industrial level.  This book is an excellent resource for researchers, biologists, membranologists and engineers in chemistry, biochemical engineering, food sciences and the agro-food refinery industry.

Key Features

  • Discusses membrane engineering for agro-food wastes' transformation into added-value products
  • Presents circular and zero-waste economy principles pursued by membrane technology and applied to the agro-food industry
  • Includes potentialities of agro-food wastes for renewable and energy production via membrane operations

Readership

Academic Area (post-graduates, researchers) in chemistry/biochemical engineering, food sciences. R&D Companies and Institutions. Energy producers from bio-sources; Bio-Engineering Companies, Agro-food refinery industry

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Section 1: Membrane engineering and renewable energy in the circular economy
  • 1. Introduction to the fundamentals of the membrane engineering
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Pressure-driven membrane processes
  • 1.3 Membrane contactors
  • 1.4 Membrane reactors
  • 1.5 Membrane bioreactors
  • 1.6 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • Symbols
  • References
  • 2. The impact of membrane engineering in the circular economy
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction: from linear to circular economy. An historical overview
  • 2.2 Membrane engineering today
  • 2.3 Place and role of membrane engineering in a circular economy
  • 2.4 Challenges and prospects
  • 2.5 Conclusion and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 3. The zero-waste economy: from food waste to industry
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Circular economy—definitions, aspects, applications, and advantages
  • 3.3 The zero waste target: food lost and waste valorization
  • 3.4 Membrane technology to improve circular economy in food industry
  • 3.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 4. Circular economy in selected wastewater treatment techniques
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Water situation
  • 4.3 Circular economy in the water sector
  • 4.4 Applications, benefits, and obstacles to water reuse
  • 4.5 Water recovery from wastewater
  • 4.6 Energy, fertilizer, and other products from wastewater
  • 4.7 Potentialities of membrane desalination technologies for a circular water economy
  • 4.8 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 5. Membrane engineering in gas separation
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Principle of gas separation through membrane
  • 5.3 Nanomaterials for gas separation
  • 5.4 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • List of symbols
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 6. Hydrogen and renewable energy: the role of membrane reactor technology
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction to membrane reactors
  • 6.2 Hydrogen production using membrane reactors through the utilization of renewable resources
  • 6.3 Synthetic fuel production using membrane reactors through the utilization of renewable resources
  • 6.4 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Section 2: Biorefinery by membrane separation technology
  • 7. Renewable sources to biorefineries, biomass conversion, and membrane technology
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Basis concepts of biorefineries
  • 7.3 Membrane technology in biorefineries
  • 7.4 Membrane bioreactors (MBR)
  • 7.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 8. Agro-food wastes: new sources of antioxidants
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Agro-food wastes
  • 8.3 Antioxidants from agro-food wastes
  • 8.4 Potential applications of antioxidants recovered from food waste and by-products
  • 8.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • Acknowledgments
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 9. Membrane-based biorefinery in agro-food wastewater processing
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Recovery of added-value compounds from agro-food wastewaters
  • 9.3 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 10. Pervaporation and membrane distillation technology in biorefinery
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Principles of pervaporation technology
  • 10.2 Pervaporation in biorefinery
  • 10.3 Pervaporation applications in biorefinery
  • 10.4 Principles of membrane distillation technology
  • 10.5 Membrane distillation in bioethanol production
  • 10.6 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 11. Seafood processing by-products by membrane processes
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Seafood processing by-products and membrane technologies
  • 11.3 Membrane processes and seafood protein hydrolysates
  • 11.4 Membrane processes and fish oils and fatty acids
  • 11.5 Membrane processes and chitooligosaccharides
  • 11.6 Recovery of other valuable compounds (flavors, enzymes, pigments) from seafood processing wastewaters by membrane processes
  • 11.7 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 12. Sustainable use of tomato pomace for the production of high added value food, feed, and nutraceutical products
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 The flowchart of the production of tomato concentrates and tomato pomace
  • 12.3 The chemical composition and the bioactivity of tomato pomace
  • 12.4 Utilization of tomato pomace toward producing high added value products
  • 12.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Section 3: Case studies
  • 13. Advanced membrane-based processes for biogas upgrading
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Current technologies for biogas purification to biomethane
  • 13.3 Membranes for biogas separation
  • 13.4 Multistage membrane systems for biogas upgrading
  • 13.5 Process intensification metrics
  • 13.6 Current applications of membranes in biogas upgrading at industrial-scale
  • 13.7 Conclusions and future trends
  • Acknowledgements
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 14. Sustainable and green bio-ethanol purification for biofuel production via membrane engineering
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Bioethanol production and application
  • 14.3 Bioethanol processing pathways
  • 14.4 Ethanol purification through pervaporation
  • 14.5 Membranes and membrane reactors applied in bioethanol purification
  • 14.6 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 15. Utilization of olive mill waste waters to produce bioactive animal feed
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Background information
  • 15.3 Methodology
  • 15.4 Approach in mammals
  • 15.5 Assessment of fatty acid allocation in plasma and tissues in piglets
  • 15.6 Conclusion and future trends
  • List of abbreviations
  • References
  • 16. Valorization of citrus by-products by membrane processes
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Citrus fruit processing
  • 16.3 Citrus solid waste and wastewater from the juice production and their valorization
  • 16.4 Obtention of high-value compounds from citrus by-products by membrane technology
  • 16.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 17. Valuable energy resources and food-grade CO2 from biogas via membrane separation
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Anthropogenic CO2: emissions, capture, and utilization
  • 17.3 Biogas: generation and valorization
  • 17.4 Coupling biogas valorization CO2 and purification for the food industry
  • 17.5 Conclusions and future trends
  • Acknowledgment
  • Nomenclature
  • List of symbols
  • References
  • 18. Valorization of phenolic extracts from Olea europaea L. by membrane operations
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Olea europaea L. phenols
  • 18.3 Extraction processes
  • 18.4 Membrane applications
  • 18.5 Complementary technologies
  • 18.6 Future challenges
  • 18.7 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • 19. From inert silica carrier derivatives to a source of bioavailable silicium in the field of cosmetic, pharmaceutical, luxury, and food industries
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 What is mesoporous silica?
  • 19.3 How is it produced and synthesized?
  • 19.4 Synthesis of ordered mesoporous silicas
  • 19.5 SiO2 as a source of bioavailable silicium (orthosilicic acid)
  • 19.6 Some experimental facts, figures, and cases
  • 19.7 Conclusions and future trends
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 578
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: April 12, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885522
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323852531

About the Editors

Adolfo Iulianelli

Adolfo Iulianelli, Degree in Chemical Engineering in 2002 at University of Calabria (Italy), obtained his PhD Degree in Chemical and Materials Engineering in 2006 at University of Calabria (Italy). Nowadays, he is working at the Institute on Membrane Technology of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR-ITM). He is author or co-author of more than 50 international articles (ISI), 1 patent, more than 50 contributes as oral and poster presentations in national and international conferences, more than 20 book chapters. Furthermore, he is Reviewer of more than 20 international ICI journals, Invited Speaker in more than 5 international conferences, training school, etc. Subject Editor of the Scientific World Journal, Guest Editor for the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (ICI) and Journal of Membrane Science and Technology and Associate Editor of International Journal of Membrane Science and Technology. His research interests are membrane reactors, fuel cells, gas separation, hydrogen production from reforming reactions of renewable sources through inorganic membrane reactors and membrane operations. His h-index is 22 (source: www.scoupus.com).

Affiliations and Expertise

Degree in Chemical Engineering, University of Calabria, Italy

Alfredo Cassano

Alfredo Cassano, a Biologist, is senior Researcher at ITM-CNR since 2000. He has a long experience in the field of membrane science and technology with research expertise including pressure-driven membrane processes, membrane contactors and integrated membrane operations mainly applied to wastewater treatments and agro-food productions. Alfredo Cassano’s h-index is 33, with 123 document results (24/June/2020, www.scopus.com), with a total of 3925 citations. He has 109 scientific papers in peer to peer journals and 96 papers in international congresses; he is co-author of 6 scientific books, 35 book chapters in international books and two national patents in the field of membrane science and technology. He is also referee of several international scientific journals and member of the Editorial board of 9 of them. Cassano also prepared 4 special issues on membrane science and technology for 3 international journals (Membranes, Foods and Journal of Membrane Science and Research). He is involved as scientific responsible or main investigator in different national projects with both Italian Ministry of Education, University & Research and private companies and international projects funded by EU. He has been tutor of 28 Thesis for master and Ph.D. students at ITM-CNR.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Researcher, Institute on Membrane Technology of the Italian National Research Council, ITM-CNR, University of Calbria, Rende, Italy

Carmela Conidi

Carmela Conidi, Master Degree in Pharmacy at the University of Calabria (Italy) and PhD degree in methodologies for the development of molecules of pharmacological interest at the same university. She performed her post-doctoral activity as visiting researcher at the “Instituto Universitario de Ingenieria de Alimentos para el Desarrollo ", University Polytechnic of Valencia (November 2011-May 2012; November 2012 -May 2013). Nowadays, she is researcher at the Institute on Membrane Technology of the Italian National Research Council (CNR-ITM). Since 2005, her research activities focus on membrane science and technology in the field of pressure-driven membrane operations, membrane contactors and sustainable integrated membrane systems mainly applied to the clarification and concentration of fruit juices, treatment of industrial wastewaters, water purification and in the recovery of high added value compounds from agro-food products and by-products. C.C. is author or co-author of more than 50 scientific contributions as international peer reviewed articles in ISI journals (h-index =22, Scopus database), 14 peer reviewed book chapters, and several contributions at National and International Conferences. C.C. is Reviewer of different international ISI journals (Journal of Food Engineering, Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, Journal of Cleaner Production, Journal of Membrane Science, Food and BioProducts Processing, etc.), co-editor of special Issue as well as Member of the Organizing of International Conferences and she made several presentations (also as invited and keynote lecture) in National and International Conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, Institute on Membrane Technology of the Italian National Research Council, ITM-CNR, University of Calbria, Rende, Italy

Konstantinos Petrotos

Konstantinos Petrotos, Master Degree in Chemical Engineering at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece) and Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering, specialisation in Food Engineering & Technology (Ph.D. thesis title: The study of concentration of tomato juice by using direct osmosis membrane technology) at the same university. Nowadays, he is Professor of Food and Agricultural products processing in Bio-systems Engineering Dept. of Technological Educational Institute of Larissa-School of Agricultural Technology (Larissa, Greece) and Head of the Food and Biosystems Engineering Laboratory, Department of Biosystems Engineering of the Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly in Larissa, (Greece). K.P. is author or co-author of more than 90 scientific contributions as international peer reviewed articles in ISI journals (44 article and chapter publications; h-index = 14, Scopus database), chapters, and proceedings of National and International Conferences. Member of the Technical Chamber of Greece, Hellenic Association of Food Technologists, Greek Society of Agronomist Food Technologist, and Greek Association of Chemical Engineers, K.P. is President of the International Conference FaBE and Reviewer for international scientific journals (Journal of Membrane Science, Journal of Food Science and Engineering, Desalination etc.) as well as Editorial Board member of Journal of Food Science and Engineering and Editor in Chief of the International Journal of Food and Biosystems Engineering. His research interests are Application of Membrane Technology in Food processing and in agricultural and food wastes; Osmotic Techniques; Nano- and Micro-encapsulation of bioactive physical substances and use of them in Food and Pharmaceutical Industry; Food and Agricultural products drying technologies; Novel techniques for food preservation (high pressure processing and pulsing electric field applications).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Food and Agricultural products processing in Bio-systems Engineering Dept. of Technological Educational Institute of Larissa-School of Agricultural Technology, Larissa, Greece

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