Membrane-Based Separations in Metallurgy

Membrane-Based Separations in Metallurgy

Principles and Applications

1st Edition - February 26, 2017

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  • Editors: Lan Ying Jiang, Li Na
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128034279
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128034101

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Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes.

Key Features

  • Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy
  • Includes case studies and examples of various processes
  • Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers
  • Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry
  • Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process
  • Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts


Chemists; chemical and metallurgical engineers; membrane technologists; environmental engineers in academia, research and industry, developers and manufacturers of membranes

Table of Contents

  • Part 1: Introduction

    Chapter 1: Metallurgy: Importance, Processes, and Development Status

    • Abstract
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Extractive Metallurgy
    • 1.3. Current Status of Metallurgical Industry
    • 1.4. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 2: Membrane-Based Separation

    • Abstract
    • 2.1. Basics About Membrane-Based Separation
    • 2.2. Fundamentals of Some Technically Relevant Separations
    • 2.3. Brief History of Development
    • 2.4. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols
    • Nomenclature
    • Greek Symbols
    • Subscripts

    Part 2: Membrane-Based Separation for Metallurgical Process Improvement and Wastewater Treatment

    Chapter 3: Ferrous Metallurgy

    • Abstract
    • 3.1. Iron and Steel
    • 3.2. Chromium
    • 3.3. Manganese
    • 3.4. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 4: Heavy Nonferrous Metals

    • Abstract
    • 4.1. Nickel
    • 4.2. Copper
    • 4.3. Zinc and Lead
    • 4.4. Other Researches About Heavy Metal Wastewater Treatment
    • 4.5. Remediation of Heavy Metal Polluted Soil
    • 4.6. Groundwater Remediation
    • 4.7. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 5: Light Nonferrous Metals

    • Abstract
    • 5.1. Lithium
    • 5.2. Aluminum
    • 5.3. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 6: Refractory Metals

    • Abstract
    • 6.1. Molybdenum
    • 6.2. Titanium
    • 6.3. Tungsten
    • 6.4. Vanadium
    • 6.5. Zirconium
    • 6.6. Conclusions
    • Symbols and Nomenclature

    Chapter 7: Scattered and Rare Earth Metals

    • Abstract
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Extraction Using Liquid Membrane for Mixed Rare Earth Enrichment
    • 7.3. Researches and/or Applications Addressing Specific Metal
    • 7.4. Applications Common for Rare Earth Metallurgy
    • 7.5. Wastewater Treatment
    • 7.6. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 8: Radioactive Metals

    • Abstract
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Treatment of Leaching Solution (or Metal Extraction)
    • 8.3. Metal Compound Production
    • 8.4. Processing of Radioactive Wastes
    • 8.5. More Researches and Examples
    • 8.6. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 9: Noble Metals

    • Abstract
    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Acid Mine Drainage Wastewater
    • 9.3. Cyanide Barren Solution Treatment
    • 9.4. Metallurgical Wastewater
    • 9.5. New Developments
    • 9.6. Conclusions
    • Nomenclature

    Chapter 10: More Works on Waste Treatment and Process Improvement

    • Abstract
    • 10.1. Waste Gas Treatment
    • 10.2. Water Treatment
    • 10.3. Potential Applications in Hydrometallurgical Processes
    • 10.4. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Part 3: Development of Special Industrial Membranes for Metallurgy

    Chapter 11: Overview

    • Abstract

    Chapter 12: Polymeric Membranes

    • Abstract
    • 12.1. Nanofiltration
    • 12.2. Ion-Exchange Membrane
    • 12.3. Materials and Membranes for Ultrafiltration
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 13: Membrane Contactor

    • Abstract
    • 13.1. Membrane Distillation
    • 13.2. Other Membrane Contactors
    • 13.3. Control of Pore-wetting State
    • 13.4. Modules and Commercial Products
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 14: Ceramic Membranes

    • Abstract
    • 14.1. Introduction
    • 14.2. General Progress in Membrane Fabrication and Modification
    • 14.3. Application-Orientated Consideration for Porous Ceramic Membrane Fabrication
    • 14.4. Industrialization
    • 14.5. Perspectives
    • Glossary and Symbols

    Chapter 15: Metal Membranes

    • Abstract
    • 15.1. Introduction
    • 15.2. Stainless Steel-Based Porous Metal Membrane
    • 15.3. Membranes Based on Metal Alloys
    • 15.4. Industrialization
    • 15.5. Conclusions
    • Glossary and Symbols

Product details

  • No. of pages: 418
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: February 26, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128034279
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128034101

About the Editors

Lan Ying Jiang

I am now working at the School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University (CSU) in China. CSU has strong background in metallic material and metallurgy. The school has established a separation and purification platform that focuses on the research in membrane-based separation for hydrometallurgy processes and a center for wastewater treatment specifically addressing heavy metals. In recent years, many good ideas and publications about membrane application in metallurgy and heavy metal waste treatment have been delivered by the researchers in the school.

I am a key member of the platform and the center. My current and upcoming research effort is concentrated on 1) membrane preparation and optimization for Forward Osmosis, Nanofiltration, Pervaporation and Membrane distillation, and 2) membrane applications for the green development metallurgical process. Before came to CSU, I worked as a (Senior) Research Fellow from 2005 to 2009 at the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) of National University of Singapore (NUS), and carried out research in “Sub-nano Pore Size Membranes for Biofuel Separation and Purification” and “The Development of Mixed Matrix Nano-composite Materials for Membrane Separation”. From 2002 to 2005, I was awarded the research scholarship to pursue my doctoral studies on “Membrane Formation and Characterization for Gas Separation” at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering of NUS. I got my PhD in 2006. I received my B.Sc. degree (1997) from the Department of Environmental Science, Wuhan University, China.

As 1st and major inventor, I have applied 3 US patents, 1 Singapore patent and 9 China patents, 3 of them have been authorized. 22 papers have been published in Journal of Membrane Science, Chemical Engineering Science, Carbon, Progress in Polymer Science etc. I have given more than 20 oral presentations at international meetings or conferences related to membrane separation and material science.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University (Main Campus), Hunan, China

Li Na

Li Na is a Vice-Professor at Nanjing Normal University of China. She works at the Jiangsu Key Laboratory of 3D Printing Equipment and Manufacturing of China. She has published 10 papers and 1 book, and holds 3 patents about 3D printing technology in China.

Affiliations and Expertise

Nanjing Normal University of China

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