Medicine Price Surveys, Analyses and Comparisons - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128131664

Medicine Price Surveys, Analyses and Comparisons

1st Edition

Evidence and Methodology Guidance

Editors: Sabine Vogler
Paperback ISBN: 9780128131664
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st October 2018
Page Count: 300
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Medicine Price Surveys, Analyses and Comparisons: Evidence and Methodology Guidance establishes guiding principles for the study and implementation of pharmaceutical price surveys, analyses and comparisons. The book reviews current price studies in major pharmaceutical markets, accounting for the impact of methodological choices on findings, and explaining how, and why, differences in medicine prices manifest between, and within, different regions. The book provides practical guidance on how to conduct meaningful price analyses and comparisons, evaluates the existing price survey literature, discusses the accessibility and reliability of data sources, and provides a checklist and training kit on price surveys, analyses and comparisons.

In addition, the book devotes time to the theory and practice of external price comparisons and their benefits and limitations. Finally, the impact of the design of external price referencing on policy objectives, such as affordable access to medicines and cost-containment are discussed, along with options for improving the effectiveness of policies.

Key Features

  • Provides practical guidance on how to plan and implement pharmaceutical pricing policies and systems
  • Reviews the use, practice and experience of external price referencing systems across the world
  • Explains how to interpret medicine price surveys using common baselines
  • Simplifies the complexities of pharmaceutical price terminology and nomenclature


Policy-makers, policy analysts and advisors, including consultants and international institutions. Researchers interested in doing price studies, or required to do price analyses to feed the results into a larger health economic research work. Graduate and 1st year PhD students studying pharmaco-economics, health economics, pharmacy, public health, and health administration professionals. Pharmaceutical industry

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Regional and international comparison of medicine prices
3. Price studies for specific medicines
4. Developments
5. Discussion of methodology and findings
6. Overview of existing methodologies
7. Terminology
8. Medicine price data sources
9. Planning price studies
10. Interpretation of price analyses
11. Price comparison as one pricing
12. Practice of external price referencing
13. Assessment of EPR
14. Policy guidance
15. Policy brief
16. Conclusions


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2019
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:

About the Editor

Sabine Vogler

Sabine Vogler is Head of the Pharmacoeconomics Department at the Austrian Public Health Institute, and Head of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Policies affiliated to the Pharmacoeconomics Department. As a senior researcher working in this area for more than two decades, she has expertise and in-depth knowledge about European countries with regard to pharmaceutical pricing/prices, reimbursement and distribution, as well as cost-containment reforms, access and affordability issues. The Pharmacoeconomics department runs the Pharma Price Information (PPI) service that provides medicine price information for 30 European countries, and Dr Vogler and her team use PPI to support public pricing authorities as well as for research purposes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Austrian Public Health Institute, WHO Collaborating Centre for Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Policies

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