Describes the current status of US medical waste management and disposal practices, ranging from handling the waste as nonhazardous municipal solid waste to strict segregation, packaging, labeling, and tracking. Treatment techniques include steam sterilization, incineration, recycling and reuse methods. Also covers EPA studies characterizing types, numbers and sizes of waste generators and wastes generated.


Medical waste disposal firms and handlers.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1. Characterization of Medical Waste 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Medical Waste Generation 1.3 Medical Waste Data Collection Activities 2. Health Hazard Assessment 2.1 Background 2.2 Coordination with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) 2.3 Definitions 2.4 Scope of Health Hazard Assessment 2.5 General Approach to Evaluating Health Hazards Posed by Exposure to Medical Waste 2.6 Evaluation of Health Hazards Posed by Incinerating Medical Waste 2.7 Evaluation of Health Hazards Posed by Landfilling Medical Waste 2.8 Evaluation of Health Hazards Posed by Disposal in Sewage Systems 2.9 Data gaps and Research Needs 2.10 Potential Health Hazards Associated with Handling Medical waste 3. Estimated Costs of the Demonstration Program and Improper Management of Medical Wastes 3.1 Cost Methodology 3.2 Characterizing the Regulated Community 3.3 Medical Waste Generation Rates 3.4 Regulatory Costs 3.5 Results 3.6 Sensitivity Analysis 3.7 Cost of Improperly Managed Medical Waste 4. Demonstration Program Objectives and Evaluation 4.1 Objectives of the MWTA 4.2 Measuring Effectiveness 4.3 Conclusions on the Success of the Demonstration Program 4.4 Treatment/Disposal Practices 4.5 Available Tracking Methods 4.6 Advantages/Disadvantages 5. Medical Waste Handling Methods 5.1 Introduction 5.2


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© 1991
William Andrew
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