Medical Robotics

Medical Robotics

Minimally Invasive Surgery

1st Edition - October 18, 2012

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  • Editor: Paula Gomes
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097392
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857091307

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Description

Advances in research have led to the use of robotics in a range of surgical applications. Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery provides authoritative coverage of the core principles, applications and future potential of this enabling technology.Beginning with an introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the core technologies of the field are discussed, including localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics. Key applications of robotics in laparoscopy, neurology, cardiovascular interventions, urology and orthopaedics are considered, as well as applications for ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, vitreoretinal surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Microscale mobile robots for the circulatory system and mesoscale robots for the gastrointestinal tract are investigated, as is MRI-based navigation for in vivo magnetic microrobots. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of ethical issues related to the use of robotics in surgery.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery is a comprehensive guide for all those working in the research, design, development and application of medical robotics for surgery. It also provides an authoritative introduction for academics and medical practitioners working in this field.

Key Features

  • Provides authoritative coverage of the core principles, applications and future potential of medical robotics
  • Introduces robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS), including the core technologies of the field and localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics
  • Considers key applications of robotics in laparoscopy, neurology, cardiovascular interventions, urology and orthopaedics

Readership

Physicians and technical people researching computer assisted surgery; Medical device companies developing or in the market for surgical systems; Interventional and diagnostic radiologists, orthopedic surgeons, pain specialists, surgeons, vascular surgeons; Radiation oncologists and urologists

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Dedication

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials

    Introduction

    Chapter 1: Introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS)

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Minimally invasive surgery and robotic integration

    1.3 Definitions and development of surgical robotic systems

    1.4 Perceptual docking for synergistic control

    1.5 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 2: Localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Requirements for position sensors

    2.3 Dynamic referencing

    2.4 Types of position sensors

    2.5 Future trends

    Conclusion

    Chapter 3: Robotics for neurosurgery

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction to neurosurgical progression

    3.2 The evolution of neurosurgical robots

    3.3 Maintaining operator control

    3.4 Human–machine interface (HMI)

    3.5 Future trends: informatic surgery

    3.6 Conclusion

    3.7 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 4: Robotic systems for cardiovascular interventions

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Heart conditions and the evolving role of cardiac surgeons and cardiologists

    4.3 Surgical robot requirements and availability for cardiovascular interventions

    4.4 Proposed novel robots for cardiovascular interventions

    4.5 Future trends

    4.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Robotics in orthopaedic surgery

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Existing orthopaedic robotic systems

    5.3 Evaluation of impact of orthopaedic surgical robots

    5.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 6: Robotic-assisted knee replacement surgery

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Apex robotic technology (ART)

    6.3 Clinical experience

    6.4 Conclusions and future trends

    6.5 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 7: Robotics in ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Telemanipulators in ENT

    7.3 Image-guided interventions

    7.4 Computer numerical control (CNC)

    7.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Robot-assisted vitreoretinal surgery

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Requirements for vitreoretinal surgery

    8.3 Master console

    8.4 Slave robot

    8.5 Results

    8.6 Conclusions and future trends

    8.7 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 9: Robotics for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES)

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Minimally invasive surgery (MIS)

    9.3 Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES)

    9.4 Future trends and conclusions

    Chapter 10: Mesoscale mobile robots for gastrointestinal minimally invasive surgery (MIS)

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Commercial gastrointestinal wireless capsule endoscopes

    10.3 Robotic capsule modules

    10.4 Future trends in mobile surgical devices

    10.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 11: Real-time software platform using MRI for in vivo navigation of magnetic microrobots

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) navigation

    11.3 Microrobot navigation

    11.4 Conclusions and future trends

    11.5 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 12: Robotic surgery and ethical challenges

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Types of robotic surgery

    12.3 The patient experience of robotic surgery

    12.4 The marketing of robotic surgery

    12.5 Comparing robotic surgery with other types of surgery

    12.6 The need for training

    12.7 Costs versus benefits

    12.8 Ethical issues relating to remotely operated surgery

    12.9 The automated hospital

    12.10 Conclusions

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 326
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: October 18, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097392
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857091307

About the Editor

Paula Gomes

Paula Gomes leads developments of surgical and interventional medical devices at Cambridge Consultants, a world leader in technology and product development. The former R&D Director of Acrobot, the company responsible for the world-first surgeon-controlled robotic device for orthopaedic surgery, she has extensive experience with surgical technology, surgical robotics and software-driven electromechanical medical devices.

Affiliations and Expertise

Cambridge Consultants, UK

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