Description

The use of plastics is widespread. Less widespread, however, is a clear understanding and examination of the many forms of degradation inherent within the very environments these materials must perform. Medical PlasticsùDegradation Resistance & Failure Analysis fills that void. The introductory chapter gives an overview of the medical applications of plastics and the specific performance requirements they need to meet. The following chapters discuss various degrading environments and their effects including environmental stress cracking, effect of body liquids, effect of harsh environments, and various methods of sterilization. The book also discusses the failure of medical devices due to contamination, low temperature, the effects of UV light, migration of formulation components, mechanical stresses, and problems with design and fabrication. Case histories of failures of some common products used in medicine are also provided.

Readership

Medical device, medical packaging, and food packaging design engineers, material product technical support, and research/development personnel.

Table of Contents

Overview An Overview of the Use of Polymers in Medical Applications as Illustrated by the Design, Characterization, and Application of Tyrosine-Derived Polymers Analytical Methods Validating Materials for Packaging: Controlling the Front End Failure Analysis of Polymeric Medical Devices Materials Analysis Techniques for Medical Devices Using Burst Testing to Evaluate Sterile Blister Packaging Servohydraulic Testing Systems for Biomaterials Measuring Residual Stress in Transparent Plastics Behavior of Materials The Changes in Ethylene Oxide Sterilization and Their Effect on Thermoplastics Understanding Environmental Stress Cracking in Polyethylene Failure Morphology of Injection Molded High Density Polyethylene, HDPE, Component with Living Hinge What Makes Clear Polypropylene Discolor? Effect of ?-Radiation on Isothermal Crystallization of Polypropylene Evaluation of Irradiated Polypropylenes by Strain Rate Dependence of Tensile Properties Polypropylene Response to High-Energy Radiation Plastomer Modified Polypropylene Films for Medical Product Packaging Predicting Post-rad Shelf-life from Accelerated Aging Data: the D&A Process Chemical Resistance of Polycarbonate Controlled Ductility Loss of Polycarbonate Through Steam Sterilization Reprocessing of Medical Vinyl Compounds Improving the Gamma Resistance of Flexible PVC Effects of Saline Environment on the Properties of PEEK and Epoxy Composites The Advantages of Utilizing Thermoplastic Polyesters in Medical Devices Subjected to Harsh Environments New Polyetherimide Alloy with Enhanced Toughness and Sterilization Capabilities Absorbable

Details

No. of pages:
218
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1998
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
9780815518259
Print ISBN:
9781884207600

About the editor

Robert C Portnoy

Affiliations and Expertise

Exxon Chemical Company

About the author

Robert C Portnoy

Affiliations and Expertise

Exxon Chemical Company

Reviews

"Medical Plastics is an informative, concise, up-to-date guide for scientists and technicians evaluating medical applications of polymers." - Polymer News